Now showing items 6-24 of 24

    • Breast cancer risk variants at 6q25 display different phenotype associations and regulate ESR1, RMND1 and CCDC170 

      Dunning, Alison M.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Thompson, Deborah; French, Juliet D.; Beesley, Jonathan; Healey, Catherine S. et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      We analysed 3872 common genetic variants across the ESR1 locus (encoding estrogen receptor–alpha) in 118,816 subjects from three international consortia. We found evidence for at least five independent causal variants, ...
    • Common breast cancer susceptibility alleles are associated with tumor subtypes in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: results from the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2. 

      Mulligan, Anna Marie; Couch, Fergus J.; Barrowdale, Daniel; Domchek, Susan M.; Eccles, Diana; Nevanlinna, Heli; Ramus, Susan J. et al. (2011-11-02)
      Abstract Introduction Previous studies have demonstrated that common breast cancer susceptibility alleles are differentially associated with breast cancer risk for BRCA1 and/or BRCA2 mutation carriers. It is currently ...
    • Common non-synonymous SNPs associated with breast cancer susceptibility: findings from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium 

      Milne, Roger L.; Burwinkel, Barbara; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Arias-Perez, Jose-Ignacio; Zamora, M. Pilar; Menéndez-Rodríguez, Primitiva; Hardisson, David et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-07-04)
      Candidate variant association studies have been largely unsuccessful in identifying common breast cancer susceptibility variants, although most studies have been underpowered to detect associations of a realistic magnitude ...
    • Effects of BRCA2 cis-regulation in normal breast and cancer risk amongst BRCA2 mutation carriers 

      Maia, Ana-Teresa; Antoniou, Antonis C.; O'Reilly, Martin; Samarajiwa, Shamith; Dunning, Mark; Kartsonaki, Christiana; Chin, Suet-Feung et al. (2012-04-18)
      Abstract Introduction Cis-acting regulatory single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at specific loci may modulate penetrance of germline mutations at the same loci by introducing different levels of expression of the wild-type ...
    • Evidence for SMAD3 as a modifier of breast cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers 

      Walker, Logan C.; Fredericksen, Zachary S.; Wang, Xianshu; Tarrell, Robert; Pankratz, Vernon Shane; Lindor, Noralane M.; Beesley, Jonathan et al. (2010-11-29)
      Abstract Introduction Current attempts to identify genetic modifiers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 associated risk have focused on a candidate gene approach, based on knowledge of gene functions, or the development of large genome-wide ...
    • Evidence that breast cancer risk at the 2q35 locus is mediated through IGFBP5 regulation 

      Ghoussaini, Maya; Edwards, Stacey L.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Nord, Silje; Cowper-Sal•lari, Richard; Desai, Kinjal; Kar, Siddhartha et al. (NPG, 2014-09-23)
      GWAS have identified a breast cancer susceptibility locus on 2q35. Here we report the fine-mapping of this locus using data from 101,943 subjects from 50 case-control studies. We genotype 276 SNPs using the “iCOGS” genotyping ...
    • Exploring the link between MORF4L1 and risk of breast cancer 

      Martrat, Griselda; Maxwell, Christopher A.; Tominaga, Emiko; Porta, Montserrat; Bonifaci, Nuria; Gomez-Baldo, Laia; Bogliolo, Massimo et al. (2011-04-05)
      Abstract Introduction Proteins encoded by Fanconi anemia (FA) and/or breast cancer (BrCa) susceptibility genes cooperate in a common DNA damage repair signaling pathway. To gain deeper insight into this pathway and its ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (Cell/Elsevier, 18/12/2014)
      Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) revealed SNP rs889312 on 5q11.2 to be associated with breast cancer risk in women of European ancestry. In an attempt to identify the biologically relevant variants, we analysed 909 ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1. 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (2015-12-18)
    • Fine-scale mapping of 8q24 locus identifies multiple independent risk variants for breast cancer 

      Shi, Jiajun; Zhang, Yanfeng; Zheng, Wei; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Ghoussaini, Maya; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin et al. (Wiley, 2016)
      Previous genome-wide association studies among women of European ancestry identified two independent breast cancer susceptibility loci represented by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs13281615 and rs11780156 at 8q24. ...
    • Gene-Panel Sequencing and the Prediction of Breast-Cancer Risk 

      Easton, Douglas F.; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Antoniou, Antonis C.; Tischkowitz, Marc; Tavtigian, Sean V.; Nathanson, Katherine L.; Devilee, Peter et al. (Massachusetts Medical Society, 2015-06-04)
      Advances in sequencing technology have made multigene testing, or “panel testing,” a practical option when looking for genetic variants that may be associated with a risk of breast cancer. In June 2013, the U.S. Supreme ...
    • Genetic determinants of telomere length and risk of common cancers: a Mendelian randomization study 

      Zhang, Chenan; Doherty, Jennifer A.; Burgess, Stephen; Hung, Rayjean J.; Lindström, Sara; Kraft, Peter; Gong, Jian et al. (Oxford University Press, 2015-07-02)
      Epidemiological studies have reported inconsistent associations between telomere length (TL) and risk for various cancers. These inconsistencies are likely attributable, in part, to biases that arise due to post-diagnostic ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis of more than 120,000 individuals identifies 15 new susceptibility loci for breast cancer. 

      Michailidou, Kyriaki; Beesley, Jonathan; Lindstrom, Sara; Canisius, Sander; Dennis, Joe; Lush, Michael J.; Maranian, Mel J. et al. (NPG, 2015-03-09)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and large-scale replication studies have identified common variants in 79 loci associated with breast cancer, explaining ~14% of the familial risk of the disease. To identify new ...
    • Identification and characterisation of novel associations in the CASP8/ALS2CR12 region on chromosome 2 with breast cancer risk 

      Lin, Wei-Yu; Camp, Nicola J.; Ghoussaini, Maya; Beesley, Jonathan; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Hopper, John L.; Apicella, Carmel et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-08-28)
      Previous studies have suggested that polymorphisms in CASP8 on chromosome 2 are associated with breast cancer risk. To clarify the role of CASP8 in breast cancer susceptibility we carried out dense genotyping of this region ...
    • Identification of four novel susceptibility loci for estrogen receptor negative breast cancer 

      Couch, Fergus J.; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Mendoza-Fandino, Gustavo A.; Nord, Silje; Lilyquist, Janna; Olswold, Curtis et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      Common variants in 94 loci have been associated with breast cancer including 15 loci with genome wide significant associations (P<5x10-8) with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer and BRCA1-associated breast cancer ...
    • Identification of Novel Genetic Markers of Breast Cancer Survival 

      Guo, Qi; Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Kraft, Peter; Canisius, Sander; Chen, Constance; Khan, Sofia; Tyrer, Jonathan et al. (Oxford Journals, 2015-04-18)
      Background: Survival after a diagnosis of breast cancer varies considerably between patients, and some of this variation may be because of germline genetic variation. We aimed to identify genetic markers associated with ...
    • Identification of six new susceptibility loci for invasive epithelial ovarian cancer 

      Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Ramus, Susan J.; Tyrer, Jonathan; Lee, Andrew; Shen, Howard C.; Beesley, Jonathan; Lawrenson, Kate et al. (2015-01-12)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 12 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) susceptibility alleles. The pattern of association at these loci is consistent in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers who are at high ...
    • Polymorphisms in a Putative Enhancer at the 10q21.2 Breast Cancer Risk Locus Regulate NRBF2 Expression 

      Darabi, Hatef; McCue, Karen; Beesley, Jonathan; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Nord, Silje; Kar, Siddhartha; Humphreys, Keith et al. (Elsevier, 2015-06-11)
      Genome-wide association studies have identified SNPs near ZNF365 at 10q21.2 that are associated with both breast cancer risk and mammographic density. To identify the most likely causal SNPs, we fine mapped the association ...
    • The androgen receptor CAG repeat polymorphism and modification of breast cancer risk in BRCA1and BRCA2mutation carriers 

      Spurdle, Amanda B.; Antoniou, Antonis C.; Duffy, David L.; Pandeya, Nirmala; Kelemen, Livia; Chen, Xiaoqing; Peock, Susan et al. (2004-12-16)
      Abstract Introduction The androgen receptor (AR) gene exon 1 CAG repeat polymorphism encodes a string of 9–32 glutamines. Women with germline BRCA1 mutations who carry at least one AR allele with 28 or more repeats have ...