Now showing items 8-27 of 39

    • Breast cancer risk prediction using a polygenic risk score in the familial setting: a prospective study from the Breast Cancer Family Registry and kConFab 

      Li, Hongyan; Feng, Bingjian; Miron, Alexander; Chen, Xiaoqing; Beesley, Jonathan; Bimeh, Emmanuella; Barrowdale, Daniel et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-05-12)
      Purpose: This study examined the utility of sets of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in familial but non-BRCA-associated breast cancer (BC). Methods: We derived a polygenic risk score (PRS) based on 24 known ...
    • Breast cancer risk variants at 6q25 display different phenotype associations and regulate ESR1, RMND1 and CCDC170 

      Dunning, Alison M.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Thompson, Deborah; French, Juliet D.; Beesley, Jonathan; Healey, Catherine S. et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      We analysed 3872 common genetic variants across the ESR1 locus (encoding estrogen receptor–alpha) in 118,816 subjects from three international consortia. We found evidence for at least five independent causal variants, ...
    • Common breast cancer susceptibility alleles are associated with tumor subtypes in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: results from the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2. 

      Mulligan, Anna Marie; Couch, Fergus J.; Barrowdale, Daniel; Domchek, Susan M.; Eccles, Diana; Nevanlinna, Heli; Ramus, Susan J. et al. (2011-11-02)
      Abstract Introduction Previous studies have demonstrated that common breast cancer susceptibility alleles are differentially associated with breast cancer risk for BRCA1 and/or BRCA2 mutation carriers. It is currently ...
    • Common non-synonymous SNPs associated with breast cancer susceptibility: findings from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium 

      Milne, Roger L.; Burwinkel, Barbara; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Arias-Perez, Jose-Ignacio; Zamora, M. Pilar; Menéndez-Rodríguez, Primitiva; Hardisson, David et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-07-04)
      Candidate variant association studies have been largely unsuccessful in identifying common breast cancer susceptibility variants, although most studies have been underpowered to detect associations of a realistic magnitude ...
    • Effects of BRCA2 cis-regulation in normal breast and cancer risk amongst BRCA2 mutation carriers 

      Maia, Ana-Teresa; Antoniou, Antonis C.; O'Reilly, Martin; Samarajiwa, Shamith; Dunning, Mark; Kartsonaki, Christiana; Chin, Suet-Feung et al. (2012-04-18)
      Abstract Introduction Cis-acting regulatory single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at specific loci may modulate penetrance of germline mutations at the same loci by introducing different levels of expression of the wild-type ...
    • Evidence for SMAD3 as a modifier of breast cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers 

      Walker, Logan C.; Fredericksen, Zachary S.; Wang, Xianshu; Tarrell, Robert; Pankratz, Vernon Shane; Lindor, Noralane M.; Beesley, Jonathan et al. (2010-11-29)
      Abstract Introduction Current attempts to identify genetic modifiers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 associated risk have focused on a candidate gene approach, based on knowledge of gene functions, or the development of large genome-wide ...
    • Evidence that breast cancer risk at the 2q35 locus is mediated through IGFBP5 regulation 

      Ghoussaini, Maya; Edwards, Stacey L.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Nord, Silje; Cowper-Sal•lari, Richard; Desai, Kinjal; Kar, Siddhartha et al. (NPG, 2014-09-23)
      GWAS have identified a breast cancer susceptibility locus on 2q35. Here we report the fine-mapping of this locus using data from 101,943 subjects from 50 case-control studies. We genotype 276 SNPs using the “iCOGS” genotyping ...
    • Evidence that the 5p12 variant rs10941679 confers susceptibility to estrogen receptor positive breast cancer through FGF10 and MRPS30 regulation 

      Ghoussaini, Maya; French, Juliet D.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Nord, Silje; Beesley, Jonathan; Canisus, Sander; Hillman, Kristine M. et al. (Elsevier (Cell Press), 2016)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed increased breast cancer risk associated with multiple genetic variants at 5p12. Here, we report the fine-mapping of this locus using data from 104,660 subjects from 50 ...
    • Exploring the link between MORF4L1 and risk of breast cancer 

      Martrat, Griselda; Maxwell, Christopher A.; Tominaga, Emiko; Porta, Montserrat; Bonifaci, Nuria; Gomez-Baldo, Laia; Bogliolo, Massimo et al. (2011-04-05)
      Abstract Introduction Proteins encoded by Fanconi anemia (FA) and/or breast cancer (BrCa) susceptibility genes cooperate in a common DNA damage repair signaling pathway. To gain deeper insight into this pathway and its ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (Cell/Elsevier, 18/12/2014)
      Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) revealed SNP rs889312 on 5q11.2 to be associated with breast cancer risk in women of European ancestry. In an attempt to identify the biologically relevant variants, we analysed 909 ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1. 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (2015-12-18)
    • Fine-Mapping of the 1p11.2 Breast Cancer Susceptibility Locus 

      Horne, Hisani N.; Chung, Charles C.; Zhang, Han; Yu, Kai; Prokunina-Olsson, Ludmila; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Bolla, Manjeet K. et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-08-24)
      The Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility genome-wide association study (GWAS) originally identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11249433 at 1p11.2 associated with breast cancer risk. To fine-map this locus, ...
    • Fine-scale mapping of 8q24 locus identifies multiple independent risk variants for breast cancer 

      Shi, Jiajun; Zhang, Yanfeng; Zheng, Wei; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Ghoussaini, Maya; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin et al. (Wiley, 2016)
      Previous genome-wide association studies among women of European ancestry identified two independent breast cancer susceptibility loci represented by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs13281615 and rs11780156 at 8q24. ...
    • Functional Mechanisms Underlying Pleiotropic Risk Alleles at the 19p13.1 Breast-Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility Locus 

      Lawrenson, Kate; Kar, Siddhartha; McCue, Karen; Kuchenbaeker, Karoline; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan; Beesley, Jonathan et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      A locus at 19p13 is associated with breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) risk. We analyzed 438 SNPs in this region in 46,451 BC and 15,438 OC cases, 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers and 73,444 controls and identified ...
    • Gene-Panel Sequencing and the Prediction of Breast-Cancer Risk 

      Easton, Douglas F.; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Antoniou, Antonis C.; Tischkowitz, Marc; Tavtigian, Sean V.; Nathanson, Katherine L.; Devilee, Peter et al. (Massachusetts Medical Society, 2015-06-04)
      Advances in sequencing technology have made multigene testing, or “panel testing,” a practical option when looking for genetic variants that may be associated with a risk of breast cancer. In June 2013, the U.S. Supreme ...
    • Genetic determinants of telomere length and risk of common cancers: a Mendelian randomization study 

      Zhang, Chenan; Doherty, Jennifer A.; Burgess, Stephen; Hung, Rayjean J.; Lindström, Sara; Kraft, Peter; Gong, Jian et al. (Oxford University Press, 2015-07-02)
      Epidemiological studies have reported inconsistent associations between telomere length (TL) and risk for various cancers. These inconsistencies are likely attributable, in part, to biases that arise due to post-diagnostic ...
    • Genetically Predicted Body Mass Index and Breast Cancer Risk: Mendelian Randomization Analyses of Data from 145,000 Women of European Descent 

      Guo, Yan; Andersen, Shaneda Warren; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin; Garcia-Closas, Montserrat et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-08-23)
      $\textbf{Background}$ Observational epidemiological studies have shown that high body mass index (BMI) is associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer in premenopausal women but an increased risk in postmenopausal ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis of more than 120,000 individuals identifies 15 new susceptibility loci for breast cancer. 

      Michailidou, Kyriaki; Beesley, Jonathan; Lindstrom, Sara; Canisius, Sander; Dennis, Joe; Lush, Michael J.; Maranian, Mel J. et al. (NPG, 2015-03-09)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and large-scale replication studies have identified common variants in 79 loci associated with breast cancer, explaining ~14% of the familial risk of the disease. To identify new ...
    • Genome-Wide Meta-Analyses of Breast, Ovarian, and Prostate Cancer Association Studies Identify Multiple New Susceptibility Loci Shared by at Least Two Cancer Types 

      Kar, Siddhartha P.; Beesley, Jonathan; Amin Al Olama, Ali; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan; Kote-Jarai, ZSofia; Lawrenson, Kate et al. (American Association for Cancer Research, 2016-07-17)
      Breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers are hormone-related and may have a shared genetic basis, but this has not been investigated systematically by genome-wide association (GWA) studies. Meta-analyses combining the largest ...
    • Identification and characterisation of novel associations in the CASP8/ALS2CR12 region on chromosome 2 with breast cancer risk 

      Lin, Wei-Yu; Camp, Nicola J.; Ghoussaini, Maya; Beesley, Jonathan; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Hopper, John L.; Apicella, Carmel et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-08-28)
      Previous studies have suggested that polymorphisms in CASP8 on chromosome 2 are associated with breast cancer risk. To clarify the role of CASP8 in breast cancer susceptibility we carried out dense genotyping of this region ...