Now showing items 34-53 of 59

    • Identification of new susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes and shared etiological pathways with coronary heart disease 

      Zhao, W; Rasheed, A; Tikkanen, E; Lee, J-J; Butterworth, Adam Stuart; Howson, Joanna McCammond; Assimes, TL et al.
      To evaluate the shared genetic etiology of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary heart disease (CHD), we conducted a genome-wide, multi-ancestry study of genetic variation for both diseases in up to 265,678 subjects for T2D ...
    • Identification of novel risk loci for restless legs syndrome in genome-wide association studies in individuals of European ancestry: a meta-analysis. 

      Schormair, Barbara; Zhao, Chen; Bell, Steven; Tilch, Erik; Salminen, Aaro V; Pütz, Benno; Dauvilliers, Yves et al. (Elsevier, 2017-11-01)
      BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome is a prevalent chronic neurological disorder with potentially severe mental and physical health consequences. Clearer understanding of the underlying pathophysiology is needed to improve ...
    • Inflammatory Cytokines and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: New Prospective Study and Updated Meta-Analysis 

      Kaptoge, Stephen Kipkemoi; Seshasai, Sreenivasa Rao Kondapally; Gao, Pei; Freitag, Daniel Franz; Butterworth, Adam Stuart; Borglykke, Anders; Di, Angelantonio Emanuele et al. (Oxford Journals, 2013-09-11)
      Aims Because low-grade inflammation may play a role in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD), and pro-inflammatory cytokines govern inflammatory cascades, this study aimed to assess the associations of several ...
    • Information and Risk Modification Trial (INFORM): design of a randomised controlled trial of communicating different types of information about coronary heart disease risk, alongside lifestyle advice, to achieve change in health-related behaviour 

      Silarova, Barbora; Lucas, Joanne; Butterworth, Adam S; Di Angelantonio, Emanuele; Girling, Christine; Lawrence, Kathryn; Mackintosh, Stuart et al. (2015-09-07)
      Abstract Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death globally. Primary prevention of CVD requires cost-effective strategies to identify individuals ...
    • Information and Risk Modification Trial (INFORM): design of a randomised controlled trial of communicating different types of information about coronary heart disease risk, alongside lifestyle advice, to achieve change in health-related behaviour 

      Silarova, Barbora; Lucas, Joanne; Butterworth, Adam Stuart; Di, Angelantonio Emanuele; Girling, Christine; Lawrence, Kathryn; Mackintosh, Stuart et al. (BioMed Central, 2015)
      Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death globally. Primary prevention of CVD requires cost-effective strategies to identify individuals at high risk in order to help target preventive ...
    • Interpretation of the evidence for the efficacy and safety of statin therapy. 

      Collins, Rory; Reith, Christina; Emberson, Jonathan; Armitage, Jane; Baigent, Colin; Blackwell, Lisa; Blumenthal, Roger et al. (2016-11)
    • The INTERVAL Trial to determine whether intervals between blood donations can be safely and acceptably decreased to optimise blood supply: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial 

      Moore, Carmel; Sambrook, Jennifer; Walker, Matthew; Tolkien, Zoe; Kaptoge, Stephen Kipkemoi; Allen, David; Mehenny, Susan et al. (BioMed Central, 2014-09-17)
      Background Ageing populations may demand more blood transfusions, but the blood supply could be limited by difficulties in attracting and retaining a decreasing pool of younger donors. One approach to increase blood supply ...
    • Multiancestry genome-wide association study of 520,000 subjects identifies 32 loci associated with stroke and stroke subtypes. 

      Malik, Rainer; Chauhan, Ganesh; Traylor, Matthew Stephen; Sargurupremraj, Muralidharan; Okada, Yukinori; Mishra, Aniket; Rutten-Jacobs, Loes Carola et al. (Springer Nature, 2018-04)
      Stroke has multiple etiologies but the underlying genes and pathways are largely unknown. We conducted a multi-ancestry genome-wide association meta-analysis in 521,612 individuals (67,162 cases and 454,450 controls) and ...
    • Neutrophil-mediated IL-6 receptor trans-signaling and the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma 

      Farahi, Neda; Paige, E; Balla, J; Prudence, E; Ferreira, RC; Southwood, M; Appleby, SL et al. (Oxford University Press, 2017-02-17)
      The Asp358Ala variant in the interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6R) gene has been implicated in asthma, autoimmune and cardiovascular disorders, but its role in other respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary ...
    • New blood pressure associated loci identified in meta-analyses of 475,000 individuals 

      Howson, Joanna McCammond; Danesh, John; Surendran, Praveen; Butterworth, Adam Stuart (American Heart Association, 2017-10-13)
      Background: Genome-wide association studies have recently identified over 400 loci that harbor DNA sequence variants that influence blood pressure (BP). Our earlier work identified and validated 56 single nucleotide variants ...
    • NOX1 loss-of-function genetic variants in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. 

      Schwerd, T; Bryant, RV; Pandey, S; Capitani, M; Meran, L; Cazier, J-B; Jung, J et al. (2017-11)
    • Parity, breastfeeding and risk of coronary heart disease: A pan-European case-cohort study 

      Peters, SA; van der Schouw, YT; Wood, Angela Mary; Sweeting, Michael John; Moons, KG; Weiderpass, E; Arriola, L et al. (SAGE Publications Ltd, 2016-11)
      OBJECTIVE: There is uncertainty about the direction and magnitude of the associations between parity, breastfeeding and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). We examined the separate and combined associations of parity ...
    • PhenoScanner: a database of human genotype-phenotype associations 

      Staley, James; Blackshaw, James; Kamat, Mihir Anant; Ellis, Steve; Surendran, Praveen; Sun, Benjamin; Paul, Dirk Stefan et al. (Oxford University Press, 2016)
      PhenoScanner is a curated database of publicly available results from large-scale genetic association studies. This tool aims to facilitate “phenome scans”, the cross-referencing of genetic variants with many phenotypes, ...
    • Phenotypic Characterization of Genetically Lowered Human Lipoprotein(a) Levels 

      Emdin, Connor A; Khera, Amit V; Natarajan, Pradeep; Klarin, Derek; Won, Hong-Hee; Peloso, Gina M; Stitziel, Nathan O et al. (Elsevier, 2016-12-27)
      Background Genomic analyses have suggested that the LPA gene and its associated plasma biomarker, lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]), represent a causal risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). As such, lowering Lp(a) levels has ...
    • Phenotypic Consequences of a Genetic Predisposition to Enhanced Nitric Oxide Signaling. 

      Emdin, Connor A; Khera, Amit V; Klarin, Derek; Natarajan, Pradeep; Zekavat, Seyedeh M; Nomura, Akihiro; Haas, Mary et al. (2018-01)
    • Platelet function is modified by common sequence variation in megakaryocyte super enhancers 

      Petersen, R; Lambourne, John Joseph; Javierre, BM; Grassi, Luigi; Kreuzhuber, R; Ruklisa, Dace; Rosa, IM et al. (Springer Nature, 2017-07-13)
      Linking non-coding genetic variants associated with the risk of diseases or disease-relevant traits to target genes is a crucial step to realize GWAS potential in the introduction of precision medicine. Here we set out to ...
    • Protein-altering variants associated with body mass index implicate pathways that control energy intake and expenditure in obesity. 

      Turcot, Valérie; Lu, Yingchang; Highland, Heather M; Schurmann, Claudia; Justice, Anne E; Fine, Rebecca S; Bradfield, Jonathan P et al. (Springer Nature, 2018-01)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >250 loci for body mass index (BMI), implicating pathways related to neuronal biology. Most GWAS loci represent clusters of common, non-coding variants from which ...
    • Rare and low-frequency coding variants alter human adult height 

      Stirrups, Kathleen Elizabeth; Butterworth, Adam Stuart; Chowdhury, Rajiv; Danesh, John; Di Angelantonio, Emanuele; Howson, Joanna McCammond; Surendran, Praveen et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-02-09)
      Height is a highly heritable, classic polygenic trait with ~700 common associated variants identified so far through genome-wide association studies. Here, we report 83 new height-associated coding variants with lower minor ...
    • Rare Variant Analysis of Human and Rodent Obesity Genes in Individuals with Severe Childhood Obesity. 

      Hendricks, Audrey E; Bochukova, Elena G; Marenne, Gaëlle; Keogh, Julia Mary; Atanassova, Neli; Bounds, Rebecca; Wheeler, Eleanor et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-06-29)
      Obesity is a genetically heterogeneous disorder. Using targeted and whole-exome sequencing, we studied 32 human and 87 rodent obesity genes in 2,548 severely obese children and 1,117 controls. We identified 52 variants ...
    • Recruitment and representativeness of blood donors in the INTERVAL randomised trial assessing varying inter-donation intervals 

      Moore, Carmel; Bolton, Thomas; Walker, Matthew; Kaptoge, Stephen Kipkemoi; Allen, David; Daynes, Michael; Mehenny, Susan et al. (BioMed Central, 2016-09-20)
      Background The interpretation of trial results can be helped by understanding how generalisable they are to the target population for which inferences are intended. INTERVAL, a large pragmatic randomised trial of blood ...