Now showing items 4-23 of 77

    • Changing concepts of time caused by clocks 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      Standing beside a machine for clocking in workers, Simon Schaffer discusses the rise of factory or industrial time. People are now paid by their time, rather than the task. The clock becomes a symbol of factory society and ...
    • Clock mechanisms and their effects, leads into steam engine 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      In a clock-maker’s shop, Simon Schaffer explains the great precision needed to make clocks, and the development of standardized parts. The feed-back mechanisms or governors are absolutely essential in the first stationary ...
    • A clockmaker's shop as the pooling of many devices and skills 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      In an old clockmaker’s shop, Simon Schaffer describes the many resources needed to make precision clocks, the tools, the devices for measuring screws etc., and the need for extreme precision.
    • Clocks and other medieval machines including mills 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      In the Benedictine Abbey of St Alban’s, Simon Schaffer explains the great mills developed by the monastic orders; their attempts to make machines and the conflicts these caused in the general population.
    • Clocks and their discovery 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      Does technology, or the need for technology in the culture come first? Simon Schaffer in St Alban’s Abbey reflects on the connection between Christianity and clocks. God as the omniscient clock-maker.
    • The complex logistics of eighteenth and nineteenth century warfare 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      Inside an old castle, Simon Schaffer, in three sequences, compares the military technologies of the east and the west. The immense logistical problems of warfare led in opposite directions. The growth of huge mechanical ...
    • The contrast of industrial and industrious developmments 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In answer to David Dugan, Joel Mokyr reflects on the contrast between labour and machine intensive technologies, which crops are easy to mechanize, and which difficult and often lead to the use of slavery (e.g. cotton).
    • The craft of the scientific glass maker demonstrated 

      Dugan, David; Macfarlane, Alan (2004-08-23)
      Jim Frost, for many years a scientific glass instrument maker at University College, London, demonstrates the making of small scientific instruments using a burner. He makes a lens and discusses the history of glass with ...
    • The development of clock faces and objective time 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      The development of precise clocks, with faces and dials, part of a general standardization of life. Time becomes a public commodity and a site of contest. It can be domesticated. Simon Schaffer reflects.
    • The development of clocks into the eighteenth century 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      The advantages of clocks with escapements over water clocks, that they can be miniaturized. The superb chronometers of the seventeenth century onwards, Harrison and others. The emergence of clockmakers and precise engineering. ...
    • The development of complex mechanical clocks and the escapement 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      The need for some device to break continuous movement into discrete parts; the invention and nature of the escapement. The role of the Benedictines and particularly Richard of Wallingford and others is explained by Simon ...
    • The development of comsumer society in Britain, part two 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In conversation with Ian Duncan, Maxine Berg reflects on the development of consumerism and the rise of the middle class in eighteenth and nineteenth century Britain. New domestic spaces, and the role of servants. New ...
    • The development of consumer society in Britain, part one 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In conversation with Ian Duncan, Maxine Berg reflects on the development of consumerism and the rise of the middle class in eighteenth and nineteenth century Britain. The colours, textures, cloths and other desirable things.
    • The development of spring driven clocks 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      The domestication of clocks and the use of the uncoiling spring which allows very small clocks to be made. The personalization of time, perhaps linked to growing concepts of the individual in the Renaissance. Simon Schaffer ...
    • Different attitudes to nature and machinery, east and west 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In four sequences, Simon Schaffer reflects on the ways in which nature and machines are considered in east and west. In the west, nature is seen as a complex, nested, set of machines, from which profit can be extracted. ...
    • The divergance of systems of warfare east and west and their effects 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In five sequences, Simon Schaffer reflects in an English castle on the differences between warfare in China and the west. The triangle of reliable knowledge whereby new theoretical understanding is fed back into new ...
    • Documentary series: The Day the World Took Off 

      Dugan, David; Macfarlane, Alan (2004-06-08)
      This 6-series documentary films address the puzzle of the origins of Industrial Revolution. The central question: why did a scraggy little rainswept island off the coast of mainland Europe become the first major ...
    • The effects of clocks on civilization 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      Some effects of clocks on work regulation and time management. A clock-glass culture emerged, while other civilizations took other paths.
    • The effects of railways on society and mentality 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      Simon Schaffer discusses the effects of railways on Victorian society. People were treated as parcels, and saw the world in panoramic vision. Book stores were opened and stations became embassies for the places to which ...
    • Effects of the pocket watch in breaking up agrarian time 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      The pocket watch became a symbol of regulation and became associated with urban, trade, and merchant life, as opposed to the slower rhythms of agricultural life dominated by the seasons. Control over the length of things ...