Now showing items 33-52 of 77

    • Gerry Martin and Mark Elvin in conversation 

      Macfarlane, Alan; Martin, Gerry; Elvin, Mark; Dugan, David (2004-07-29)
      As part of the theoretical background to a possible television series, Gerry Martin, Mark Elvin and David Dugan discuss the nature and development of scientific knowledge in the west and east.
    • Glass and its importance in early science 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      The early history of glass and its discovery. The virtues of glass for civilization – transparent, inert, relatively easy to work. The amazing effects on light. Modern scientific advance crucially dependent on glass, as ...
    • Glass and spectacles 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      Simon Schaffer in Faraday’s laboratory at the Royal Institution talks about spectacles, short-sightedness, glass and the reasons for the development of lenses.
    • Glass in the east and west and its consequences 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      Why does one culture take one path and not another? The relative absence of glass in East Asia explains many features about the differences of civilizations, but we should be careful about deducing effects. The importance ...
    • Glass, clocks and precision 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      In Faraday’s laboratory, Simon Schaffer explains what clockwork does, namely to encourage precision engineering, just like glass. The domestication of precision. Like glass, which opened a window on the world, extremely ...
    • The Heavenly Machine - the fouth programme of 'The Day the World Took Off' 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-23)
      Covering five hundred years, the film moves across the whole of Europe and Asia. It takes as examples of the growth of technologies and their influence two in particular which have shaped our world. These are the tools ...
    • The history of glass in the east and west 

      Dugan, David; Macfarlane, Alan (2004-08-23)
      Against the back-drop of a glass furnace near Birmingham, Alan Macfarlane describes the history of glass in the east and the west and some of the effects of this, in particular relation to windows.
    • How did the Rocket steam engine work? 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      Simon Schaffer talks to a museum curator at the York railway museum about the way in which steam engines worked and the imagination and technical ability of George Stephenson.
    • The impact of settlers on northern America 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In answer to David Dugan, Joel Mokyr in the American mid-west reflects on the impact of settlers and their animals, and the new kind of farming they brought, on the native Americans. The effects of diseases etc.
    • Importance of glass and brass 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      The importance of scientific instruments in the scientific revolution, especially brass and glass. Precise lenses and lens grinding, glass vessels for chemical experiments, the advances in astronomy, microscopy and many ...
    • The importance of glass instruments in science in the seventeenth century 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      In Faraday’s laboratory in the Royal Institution, Simon Schaffer explains the importance of glass receivers which gave you a space you could see and manipulate and test atmospherics and other things.
    • The importance of guns and germs in history 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In answer to David Dugan, Joel Mokyr in the American mid-west reflects on the importance of guns and germs in altering the balance in the new world. Unintentional bacterial warfare.
    • The Iron Horse - the first programme of 'The Day the World Took Off' 

      Dugan, David; Macfarlane, Alan (2004-08-23)
      This traces the journey of the 'Rocket' steam engine from Liverpool to Manchester. On the way it gives clues to some of the puzzles and theories to be explored in this six-part history of the world. Why did science ...
    • The Jared Dimond thesis about the role of animals 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In answer to David Dugan, Joel Mokyr in the American mid-west reflects on the theory that the ability to domesticate only certain animals may have led to the huge divergence in civilizations. The zebra and horse thesis, ...
    • The link between animals and writing 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In answer to David Dugan, Joel Mokyr reflects on the link between animals and writing, the effects of writing and other technologies on early civilizations such as the Romans.
    • The links between science and industrialization 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      Simon Schaffer explains the links between science and industrialization. He explains the history of the Royal Institution where he is standing and the research into agriculture and chemistry which was so important.
    • Liverpool, Manchester and the hubs of world trade 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In two sequences, Simon Schaffer sketches the background to the linking of Liverpool and Manchester, with their world networks, through the railways. The combination of textiles and slavery produced huge wealth and incentives ...
    • Machine tools for making clocks 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-17)
      The importance of the machine tools needed to make the fine balance springs and other parts of the exquisite clocks from the later seventeenth century. Great precision and low tolerance of error were required. Simon Schaffer ...
    • The most significant developments over the last ten thousand yeaars 

      Dugan, David (2004-08-18)
      In answer to David Dugan, Joel Mokyr summarizes some of the most significant development over the last ten thousand years, including the philosophical developments in the west which made nature into a tool for humans, the ...
    • The nature and effects of power-loom weaving of cotton 

      Dugan, David; Macfarlane, Alan (2004-08-23)
      In a conversation between George Wrigley and Simon Schaffer, the work in a power loom cotton mill is discussed and the effects of the introduction of factory production of cotton is analysed. This is shown against a ...