Now showing items 1-20 of 25

    • A genome-wide association scan on estrogen receptor -negative breast cancer 

      Li, Jingmei; Humphreys, Keith; Darabi, Hatef; Rosin, Gustaf; Hannelius, Ulf; Heikkinen, Tuomas; Aittomaki, Kristiina et al. (2010-11-09)
      Abstract Introduction Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease and may be characterized on the basis of whether estrogen receptors (ER) are expressed in the tumour cells. ER status of breast cancer is important clinically, ...
    • Accuracy of SIAscopy for pigmented skin lesions encountered in primary care: development and validation of a new diagnostic algorithm. 

      Emery, Jon D.; Hunter, Judith; Watson, Antony J.; Hall, Per; Moncrieff, Marc; Walter, Fiona M. (2010-09-25)
      Abstract Background Diagnosing pigmented skin lesions in general practice is challenging. SIAscopy has been shown to increase diagnostic accuracy for melanoma in referred populations. We aimed to develop and validate a ...
    • Age- and tumor subtype-specific breast cancer risk estimates for CHEK2*1100delC carriers 

      Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Hogervorst, Frans; van Hien, Richard; Cornelissen, Sten; Broeks, Annegien; Adank, Muriel; Meijers, Hanne et al. (American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2016)
      CHEK2*1100delC is a well-established breast cancer risk variant, most prevalent in European populations. However, there are limited data on risk of breast cancer by age and tumor subtype, limiting its usefulness in breast ...
    • Assessing interactions between the associations of common genetic susceptibility variants, reproductive history and body mass index with breast cancer risk in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium: a combined case-control study 

      Milne, Roger L.; Gaudet, Mia M.; Spurdle, Amanda B.; Fasching, Peter A.; Couch, Fergus J.; Benitez, Javier; Arias Perez, Jose Ignacio et al. (2010-12-31)
      Abstract Introduction Several common breast cancer genetic susceptibility variants have recently been identified. We aimed to determine how these variants combine with a subset of other known risk factors to influence ...
    • Breast cancer risk variants at 6q25 display different phenotype associations and regulate ESR1, RMND1 and CCDC170 

      Dunning, Alison M.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Thompson, Deborah; French, Juliet D.; Beesley, Jonathan; Healey, Catherine S. et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      We analysed 3872 common genetic variants across the ESR1 locus (encoding estrogen receptor–alpha) in 118,816 subjects from three international consortia. We found evidence for at least five independent causal variants, ...
    • Candidate locus analysis of the TERT–CLPTM1L cancer risk region on chromosome 5p15 identifies multiple independent variants associated with endometrial cancer risk 

      Carvajal-Carmona, Luis G.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Painter, Jodie N.; Lose, Felicity A.; Dennis, Joe; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan P. et al. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014-12-09)
      Several studies have reported associations between multiple cancer types and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 5p15, which harbours TERT and CLPTM1L, but no such association has been reported with ...
    • Common non-synonymous SNPs associated with breast cancer susceptibility: findings from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium 

      Milne, Roger L.; Burwinkel, Barbara; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Arias-Perez, Jose-Ignacio; Zamora, M. Pilar; Menéndez-Rodríguez, Primitiva; Hardisson, David et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-07-04)
      Candidate variant association studies have been largely unsuccessful in identifying common breast cancer susceptibility variants, although most studies have been underpowered to detect associations of a realistic magnitude ...
    • Comprehensive genetic assessment of the ESR1 locus identifies a risk region for endometrial cancer 

      O'Mara, Tracy A.; Glubb, Dylan M.; Painter, Jodie N.; Cheng, Timothy; Dennis, Joe; Australian National Endometrial Cancer Study Group (ANECS); Attia, John et al. (Society for Endocrinology, 2015-08-30)
      Excessive exposure to estrogen is a well-established risk factor for endometrial cancer (EC), particularly for cancers of endometrioid histology. The physiological function of estrogen is primarily mediated by estrogen ...
    • CYP19A1 fine-mapping and Mendelian randomization: estradiol is causal for endometrial cancer. 

      Thompson, Deborah J.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Glubb, Dylan M.; Painter, Jodie N.; Cheng, Timothy; Folkerd, Elizabeth; Doody, Deborah et al. (Bioscientifica, 2015-11-16)
      Candidate gene studies have reported CYP19A1 variants to be associated with endometrial cancer and with estradiol concentrations. We analysed 2,937 SNPs in 6,608 endometrial cancer cases and 37,925 controls and report the ...
    • Evidence that breast cancer risk at the 2q35 locus is mediated through IGFBP5 regulation 

      Ghoussaini, Maya; Edwards, Stacey L.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Nord, Silje; Cowper-Sal•lari, Richard; Desai, Kinjal; Kar, Siddhartha et al. (NPG, 2014-09-23)
      GWAS have identified a breast cancer susceptibility locus on 2q35. Here we report the fine-mapping of this locus using data from 101,943 subjects from 50 case-control studies. We genotype 276 SNPs using the “iCOGS” genotyping ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (Cell/Elsevier, 18/12/2014)
      Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) revealed SNP rs889312 on 5q11.2 to be associated with breast cancer risk in women of European ancestry. In an attempt to identify the biologically relevant variants, we analysed 909 ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1. 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (2015-12-18)
    • Fine-mapping of the HNF1B multicancer locus identifies candidate variants that mediate endometrial cancer risk 

      Painter, Jodie N.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Batra, Jyotsna; Cheng, Timothy; Lose, Felicity A.; Dennis, Joe; Michailidou, Kyriaki et al. (Oxford Journals, 2014-11-06)
      Common variants in the hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 homeobox B (HNF1B) gene are associated with the risk of type II diabetes and multiple cancers. Evidence to date indicates that cancer risk may be mediated via genetic or ...
    • Fine-scale mapping of 8q24 locus identifies multiple independent risk variants for breast cancer 

      Shi, Jiajun; Zhang, Yanfeng; Zheng, Wei; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Ghoussaini, Maya; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin et al. (Wiley, 2016)
      Previous genome-wide association studies among women of European ancestry identified two independent breast cancer susceptibility loci represented by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs13281615 and rs11780156 at 8q24. ...
    • Fine-scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (Elsevier, 2014-12-18)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have revealed SNP rs889312 on 5q11.2 to be associated with breast cancer risk in women of European ancestry. In an attempt to identify the biologically relevant variants, we analyzed ...
    • Genetic variation in the immunosuppression pathway genes and breast cancer: a pooled analysis of 42,510 cases and 40,577 controls from the Breast 

      Lei, Jieping; Rudolph, Anja; Moysich, Kirsten B.; Behrens, Sabine; Goode, Ellen L.; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Dennis, Joe et al. (Springer, 2015-11-30)
      Immunosuppression plays a pivotal role in assisting tumors to evade immune destruction and promoting tumor development. We hypothesized that genetic variation in the immunosuppression pathway genes may be implicated in ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis of more than 120,000 individuals identifies 15 new susceptibility loci for breast cancer. 

      Michailidou, Kyriaki; Beesley, Jonathan; Lindstrom, Sara; Canisius, Sander; Dennis, Joe; Lush, Michael J.; Maranian, Mel J. et al. (NPG, 2015-03-09)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and large-scale replication studies have identified common variants in 79 loci associated with breast cancer, explaining ~14% of the familial risk of the disease. To identify new ...
    • Identification and characterisation of novel associations in the CASP8/ALS2CR12 region on chromosome 2 with breast cancer risk 

      Lin, Wei-Yu; Camp, Nicola J.; Ghoussaini, Maya; Beesley, Jonathan; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Hopper, John L.; Apicella, Carmel et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-08-28)
      Previous studies have suggested that polymorphisms in CASP8 on chromosome 2 are associated with breast cancer risk. To clarify the role of CASP8 in breast cancer susceptibility we carried out dense genotyping of this region ...
    • Identification of four novel susceptibility loci for estrogen receptor negative breast cancer 

      Couch, Fergus J.; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Mendoza-Fandino, Gustavo A.; Nord, Silje; Lilyquist, Janna; Olswold, Curtis et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      Common variants in 94 loci have been associated with breast cancer including 15 loci with genome wide significant associations (P<5x10-8) with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer and BRCA1-associated breast cancer ...
    • Identification of Novel Genetic Markers of Breast Cancer Survival 

      Guo, Qi; Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Kraft, Peter; Canisius, Sander; Chen, Constance; Khan, Sofia; Tyrer, Jonathan et al. (Oxford Journals, 2015-04-18)
      Background: Survival after a diagnosis of breast cancer varies considerably between patients, and some of this variation may be because of germline genetic variation. We aimed to identify genetic markers associated with ...