Now showing items 1-20 of 41

    • Association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and incident type 2 diabetes: a mendelian randomisation study 

      Ye, Zheng; Sharp, Stephen J.; Burgess, Stephen; Scott, Robert A.; Imamura, Fumiaki; InterAct Consortium; Langenberg, Claudia et al. (Elsevier, 2014-09-30)
      Background: Low circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), a marker of vitamin D status, are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but whether this association is causal remains unclear. ...
    • Association Between Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol-Lowering Genetic Variants and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Meta-analysis 

      Lotta, Luca Andrea; Sharp, Stephen John; Burgess, Stephen; Perry, John Richard; Stewart, Isobel Dorothea; Willems, Sara Marie; Luan, Jian'an et al. (American Medical Association, 2016-10-04)
      IMPORTANCE: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering alleles in or near $\textit{NPC1L1}$ or $\textit{HMGCR}$, encoding the respective molecular targets of ezetimibe and statins, have previously been used as ...
    • The Association of Multiple Biomarkers of Iron Metabolism and Type 2 Diabetes - the EPIC-InterAct Study 

      Podmore, Clara; Meidtner, Karina; Schulze, Matthias B.; Scott, Robert A.; Ramond, Anna; Butterworth, Adam S.; di Angelantonio, Emanuele et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2016-02-09)
      Objective: Observational studies show an association between ferritin and type 2 diabetes (T2D), suggesting a role of high iron stores for T2D development. However, ferritin is influenced by factors other than iron stores, ...
    • Association of plasma phospholipid n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids with type 2 diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study 

      Forouhi, Nita G.; Imamura, Fumiaki; Sharp, Stephen J.; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B.; Zheng, Jusheng; Ye, Zheng et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-07-19)
      ${\bf Background:}$ Whether and how n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are related to type 2 diabetes (T2D) is debated. Objectively measured plasma PUFAs can help to clarify these associations. ${\bf ...
    • Common genetic variants highlight the role of insulin resistance and body fat distribution in type 2 diabetes, independently of obesity 

      Scott, Robert A.; Fall, Tove; Pasko, Dorota; Barker, Adam; Sharp, Stephen J.; Arriola, Larraitz; Balkau, Beverley et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2014-06-19)
      We aimed to validate genetic variants as instruments for insulin resistance and secretion, to characterise their association with intermediate phenotypes, and to investigate their role in T2D risk among normal-weight, ...
    • Definitions of metabolic health and risk of future type 2 diabetes in body mass index categories: a systematic review and network meta-analysis 

      Lotta, Luca A.; Abbasi, Ali; Sharp, Stephen J.; Sahlqvist, Anna-Stina; Waterworth, Dawn; Brosnan, Julia M.; Scott, Robert A. et al. (2015-08-18)
      Objective: Various definitions of metabolic health have been proposed to explain differences in the risk of type 2 diabetes within body mass index (BMI) categories. The goal of this study was to assess their predictive ...
    • Dietary Intakes of Individual Flavanols and Flavonols Are Inversely Associated with Incident Type 2 Diabetes in European Populations 

      Zamora-Ros, Raul; Forouhi, Nita G.; Sharp, Stephen J.; Gonzalez, Carlos A.; Buijsse, Brian; Guevara, Marcela; van der Schouw, Yvonne T. et al. (The American Society for Nutrition, 2013-12-24)
      Dietary flavanols and flavonols, flavonoid subclasses, have been recently associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Europe. Even within the same subclass, flavonoids may differ considerably in bioavailability ...
    • Discovery and refinement of genetic loci associated with cardiometabolic risk using dense imputation maps. 

      Iotchkova, V; Huang, J; Morris, JA; Jain, D; Barbieri, C; Walter, K; Min, JL et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-11)
      Large-scale whole-genome sequence data sets offer novel opportunities to identify genetic variation underlying human traits. Here we apply genotype imputation based on whole-genome sequence data from the UK10K and 1000 ...
    • Evidence of a causal association between insulinemia and endometrial cancer: A Mendelian randomization analysis 

      Nead, Kevin T.; Sharp, Stephen J.; Thompson, Deborah J.; Painter, Jodie N.; Savage, David B.; Semple, Robert K.; Barker, Adam et al. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Background: Insulinemia and type 2 diabetes (T2D) have been associated with endometrial cancer risk in numerous observational studies. However, the causality of these associations is uncertain. Here we use a Mendelian ...
    • Genetic evidence for a link between favorable adiposity and lower risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. 

      Yaghootkar, Hanieh; Lotta, Luca A.; Tyrrell, Jessica; Smit, Roelof A. J.; Jones, Sam E.; Donnelly, Louise; Beaumont, Robin et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2016-04-26)
      Recent genetic studies have identified some alleles associated with higher BMI but lower risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. These “favorable adiposity” alleles are collectively associated with lower ...
    • Genetic markers of insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion are associated with spontaneous postnatal growth and response to growth hormone treatment in short SGA children: the North European SGA Study (NESGAS) 

      Jensen, Rikke Beck; Thankamony, Ajay; Day, Felix; Scott, Robert A.; Langenberg, Claudia; Kirk, Jeremy; Donaldson, Malcolm et al. (Endocrine Society, 2014-12-12)
      Purpose: The wide heterogeneity in the early growth and metabolism of children born small for gestational age (SGA), both before and during growth hormone (GH) therapy, may reflect common genetic variations related to ...
    • Genetic Predisposition to an Impaired Metabolism of the Branched-Chain Amino Acids and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Mendelian Randomisation Analysis 

      Lotta, Luca Andrea; Scott, Robert; Sharp, Stephen John; Burgess, Stephen; Luan, Jian'an; Tillin, T; Schmidt, AF et al. (PLoS, 2016-11-29)
      $\textbf{BACKGROUND}$: Higher circulating levels of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs; i.e., isoleucine, leucine, and valine) are strongly associated with higher type 2 diabetes risk, but it is not known whether this ...
    • Genetic variants associated with mosaic Y chromosome loss highlight cell cycle genes and overlap with cancer susceptibility. 

      Wright, Daniel; Day, Felix Ranulf; Kerrison, Nicola D; Zink, Florian; Cardona, Alexia; Sulem, Patrick; Thompson, Deborah Jane et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-05)
      The Y-chromosome is frequently lost in hematopoietic cells, representing the most common somatic mutation in men. However, the mechanisms regulating mosaic loss of chromosomeY (mLOY), and its clinical relevance, are unknown. ...
    • Genome-wide association study meta-analysis for quantitative ultrasound parameters of bone identifies five novel loci for broadband ultrasound attenuation 

      Mullin, BH; Zhao, Jing Hua; Brown, SJ; Perry, JRB; Luan, J; Zheng, HF; Langenberg, Claudia et al. (Oxford University Press, 2017-05-04)
      Osteoporosis is a common and debilitating bone disease that is characterised by low bone mineral density, typically assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS), commonly utilising the two ...
    • Genome-wide associations for birth weight and correlations with adult disease 

      Horikoshi, M; Beaumont, RN; Day, Felix Ranulf; Warrington, NM; Kooijman, MN; Fernandez-Tajes, J; Feenstra, B et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-10-13)
      Birth weight (BW) has been shown to be influenced by both fetal and maternal factors and in observational studies is reproducibly associated with future risk of adult metabolic diseases including type 2 diabetes (T2D) and ...
    • Genome-wide meta-analysis of 241,258 adults accounting for smoking behaviour identifies novel loci for obesity traits 

      Justice, AE; Winkler, TW; Feitosa, MF; Graff, M; Fisher, VA; Young, K; Barata, L et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-04-26)
      Few genome-wide association studies (GWAS) account for environmental exposures, like smoking, potentially impacting the overall trait variance when investigating the genetic contribution to obesity-related traits. Here, ...
    • Genome-wide meta-analysis uncovers novel loci influencing circulating leptin levels 

      Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O.; Carli, Jayne F. Martin; Skowronski, Alicja A.; Sun, Qi; Kriebel, Jennifer; Feitosa, Mary F.; Hedman, Åsa K. et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-02-01)
      Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone, the circulating levels of which correlate closely with overall adiposity. Although rare mutations in the leptin (LEP) gene are well known to cause leptin deficiency and severe ...
    • Genome-wide physical activity interactions in adiposity - A meta-analysis of 200,452 adults. 

      Graff, Mariaelisa; Scott, Robert A; Justice, Anne E; Young, Kristin L; Feitosa, Mary F; Barata, Llilda; Winkler, Thomas W et al. (2017-04-27)
    • Genomic analyses identify hundreds of variants associated with age at menarche and support a role for puberty timing in cancer risk 

      Day, Felix Ranulf; Thompson, Deborah Jane; Helgason, H; Chasman, DI; Finucane, H; Sulem, P; Ruth, KS et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-04-24)
      The timing of puberty is a highly polygenic childhood trait that is epidemiologically associated with various adult diseases. Using 1000 Genomes Project–imputed genotype data in up to ~370,000 women, we identify 389 ...
    • A genomic approach to therapeutic target validation identifies a glucose-lowering GLP1R variant protective for coronary heart disease 

      Scott, Robert A.; Freitag, Daniel F.; Li, Li; Chu, Audrey Y.; Surendran, Praveen; Young, Robin; Grarup, Niels et al. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2016-06-01)
      Regulatory authorities have indicated that new drugs to treat type 2 diabetes (T2D) should not be associated with an unacceptable increase in cardiovascular risk. Human genetics may be able to guide development of antidiabetic ...