Now showing items 1-20 of 67

    • Association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and incident type 2 diabetes: a mendelian randomisation study 

      Ye, Zheng; Sharp, Stephen John; Burgess, Stephen; Scott, Robert; Imamura, Fumiaki; InterAct, Consortium; Langenberg, Claudia et al. (Elsevier, 2014-09-30)
      Background: Low circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), a marker of vitamin D status, are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but whether this association is causal remains unclear. ...
    • Association Between Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol-Lowering Genetic Variants and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Meta-analysis 

      Lotta, Luca Andrea; Sharp, Stephen John; Burgess, Stephen; Perry, John Richard; Stewart, Isobel Dorothea; Willems, Sara Marie; Luan, Jian'an et al. (American Medical Association, 2016-10-04)
      IMPORTANCE: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering alleles in or near $\textit{NPC1L1}$ or $\textit{HMGCR}$, encoding the respective molecular targets of ezetimibe and statins, have previously been used as ...
    • Association between plasma phospholipid saturated fatty acids and metabolic markers of lipid, hepatic, inflammation and glycaemic pathways in eight European countries: a cross-sectional analysis in the EPIC-InterAct study 

      Zheng, Ju-Sheng; Sharp, Stephen J; Imamura, Fumiaki; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B; Ye, Zheng; Griffin, Jules et al. (2017-11-17)
      Abstract Background Accumulating evidence suggests that individual circulating saturated fatty acids (SFAs) are heterogeneous in their associations with cardio-metabolic ...
    • The Association of Multiple Biomarkers of Iron Metabolism and Type 2 Diabetes - the EPIC-InterAct Study 

      Podmore, Clara; Meidtner, Karina; Schulze, Matthias B; Scott, Robert; Ramond, Anna; Butterworth, Adam Stuart; di, Angelantonio Emanuele et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2016-02-09)
      Objective: Observational studies show an association between ferritin and type 2 diabetes (T2D), suggesting a role of high iron stores for T2D development. However, ferritin is influenced by factors other than iron stores, ...
    • Association of plasma phospholipid n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids with type 2 diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study 

      Forouhi, Nita G.; Imamura, Fumiaki; Sharp, Stephen J.; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B.; Zheng, Jusheng; Ye, Zheng et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-07-19)
      ${\bf Background:}$ Whether and how n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are related to type 2 diabetes (T2D) is debated. Objectively measured plasma PUFAs can help to clarify these associations. ${\bf ...
    • Association of Plasma Phospholipid n-3 and n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids with Type 2 Diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct Case-Cohort Study. 

      Forouhi, Nita Gandhi; Imamura, Fumiaki; Sharp, Stephen John; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B; Zheng, Jusheng; Ye, Zheng et al. (2016-07-19)
      BACKGROUND: Whether and how n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are related to type 2 diabetes (T2D) is debated. Objectively measured plasma PUFAs can help to clarify these associations. METHODS AND FINDINGS: ...
    • A combination of plasma phospholipid fatty acids and its association with incidence of type 2 diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study. 

      Imamura, Fumiaki; Sharp, Stephen John; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B; Kröger, Janine; Griffin, Julian Leether; Huerta, José M et al. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-10-11)
      Background: Combinations of multiple fatty acids may influence cardiometabolic risk more than single fatty acids. The association of a combination of fatty acids with incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) has not been evaluated. Methods ...
    • Common genetic variants highlight the role of insulin resistance and body fat distribution in type 2 diabetes, independently of obesity 

      Scott, Robert; Fall, Tove; Pasko, Dorota; Barker, Adam; Sharp, Stephen John; Arriola, Larraitz; Balkau, Beverley et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2014-06-19)
      We aimed to validate genetic variants as instruments for insulin resistance and secretion, to characterise their association with intermediate phenotypes, and to investigate their role in T2D risk among normal-weight, ...
    • Correction: The Influence of Age and Sex on Genetic Associations with Adult Body Size and Shape: A Large-Scale Genome-Wide Interaction Study. 

      Winkler, Thomas W; Justice, Anne E; Graff, Mariaelisa; Barata, Llilda; Feitosa, Mary F; Chu, Su; Czajkowski, Jacek et al. (2016-06-29)
    • The current and potential health benefits of the National Health Service Health Check cardiovascular disease prevention programme in England: A microsimulation study. 

      Mytton, Oliver Tristan; Jackson, Christopher Hamilton; Steinacher, Arno; Goodman, Anna; Langenberg, Claudia; Griffin, Simon James; Wareham, Nicholas John et al. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-03-06)
      Abstract Background: The NHS Health Check Programme was introduced in 2009 in England to systematically assess all adults in mid-life for cardiovascular disease risk factors, but its current benefit and impact on health ...
    • Definitions of metabolic health and risk of future type 2 diabetes in body mass index categories: a systematic review and network meta-analysis 

      Lotta, Luca Andrea; Abbasi, Ali; Sharp, Stephen John; Sahlqvist, Anna-Stina; Waterworth, Dawn; Brosnan, Julia M; Scott, Robert et al. (2015-08-18)
      Objective: Various definitions of metabolic health have been proposed to explain differences in the risk of type 2 diabetes within body mass index (BMI) categories. The goal of this study was to assess their predictive ...
    • Dietary Intakes of Individual Flavanols and Flavonols Are Inversely Associated with Incident Type 2 Diabetes in European Populations 

      Zamora-Ros, Raul; Forouhi, Nita Gandhi; Sharp, Stephen John; Gonzalez, Carlos A; Buijsse, Brian; Guevara, Marcela; van, der Schouw Yvonne T et al. (The American Society for Nutrition, 2013-12-24)
      Dietary flavanols and flavonols, flavonoid subclasses, have been recently associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Europe. Even within the same subclass, flavonoids may differ considerably in bioavailability ...
    • Discovery and refinement of genetic loci associated with cardiometabolic risk using dense imputation maps. 

      Iotchkova, V; Huang, J; Morris, JA; Jain, D; Barbieri, C; Walter, K; Min, JL et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-11)
      Large-scale whole-genome sequence data sets offer novel opportunities to identify genetic variation underlying human traits. Here we apply genotype imputation based on whole-genome sequence data from the UK10K and 1000 ...
    • Elevated Plasma Levels of 3-Hydroxyisobutyric Acid Are Associated With Incident Type 2 Diabetes. 

      Mardinoglu, Adil; Gogg, Silvia; Lotta, Luca Andrea; Stančáková, Alena; Nerstedt, Annika; Boren, Jan; Blüher, Matthias et al. (2018-01)
    • Erratum. Dietary protein intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes in europe: the EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study. Diabetes Care 2014;37:1854-1862. 

      van Nielen, Monique; Feskens, Edith JM; Mensink, Marco; Sluijs, Ivonne; Molina, Esther; Amiano, Pilar; Ardanaz, Eva et al. (2015-10)
    • Evidence of a causal association between insulinemia and endometrial cancer: A Mendelian randomization analysis 

      Nead, Kevin T; Sharp, Stephen John; Thompson, Deborah Jane; Painter, Jodie N; Savage, David Bousfield; Semple, Robert Kenneth; Barker, Adam et al. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Background: Insulinemia and type 2 diabetes (T2D) have been associated with endometrial cancer risk in numerous observational studies. However, the causality of these associations is uncertain. Here we use a Mendelian ...
    • An Expanded Genome-Wide Association Study of Type 2 Diabetes in Europeans. 

      Scott, Robert A; Scott, Laura J; Mägi, Reedik; Marullo, Letizia; Gaulton, Kyle J; Kaakinen, Marika; Pervjakova, Natalia et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2017-11-01)
      To characterize type 2 diabetes (T2D)-associated variation across the allele frequency spectrum, we conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association data from 26,676 T2D case and 132,532 control subjects of European ...
    • The genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes. 

      Fuchsberger, Christian; Flannick, Jason; Teslovich, Tanya M; Mahajan, Anubha; Agarwala, Vineeta; Gaulton, Kyle J; Ma, Clement et al. (2016-08)
      The genetic architecture of common traits, including the number, frequency, and effect sizes of inherited variants that contribute to individual risk, has been long debated. Genome-wide association studies have identified ...
    • Genetic evidence for a link between favorable adiposity and lower risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. 

      Yaghootkar, Hanieh; Lotta, Luca Andrea; Tyrrell, Jessica; Smit, Roelof AJ; Jones, Sam E; Donnelly, Louise; Beaumont, Robin et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2016-04-26)
      Recent genetic studies have identified some alleles associated with higher BMI but lower risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. These “favorable adiposity” alleles are collectively associated with lower ...
    • Genetic fine mapping and genomic annotation defines causal mechanisms at type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci. 

      Gaulton, Kyle J; Ferreira, Teresa; Lee, Yeji; Raimondo, Anne; Mägi, Reedik; Reschen, Michael E; Mahajan, Anubha et al. (2015-12)