Now showing items 32-51 of 62

    • Identification of a novel proinsulin-associated SNP and demonstration that proinsulin is unlikely to be a causal factor in subclinical vascular remodelling using Mendelian randomisation. 

      Strawbridge, Rona J; Silveira, Angela; Hoed, Marcel den; Gustafsson, Stefan; Luan, Jian'an; Rybin, Denis; Dupuis, Josée et al. (2017-11)
    • Impact of common genetic determinants of Hemoglobin A1c on type 2 diabetes risk and diagnosis in ancestrally diverse populations: A transethnic genome-wide meta-analysis 

      Wheeler, E; Leong, A; Liu, C-T; Hivert, M-F; Strawbridge, RJ; Podmore, Clara; Li, M et al. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-09)
      BACKGROUND: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is used to diagnose type 2 diabetes (T2D) and assess glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 18 HbA1c-associated ...
    • Integrative genomic analysis implicates limited peripheral adipose storage capacity in the pathogenesis of human insulin resistance. 

      Lotta, Luca Andrea; Gulati, Pawan; Day, Felix Ranulf; Payne, Felicity; Ongen, Halit; van, de Bunt Martijn; Gaulton, Kyle J et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-01)
      Insulin resistance is a key mediator of obesity-related cardiometabolic disease, yet the mechanisms underlying this link remain obscure. Using an integrative genomic approach, we identify 53 genomic regions associated with ...
    • Interaction between genes and macronutrient intake on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes: systematic review and findings from EPIC-InterAct 

      Li, Xueyi; Imamura, Fumiaki; Ye, Zheng; Schulze, MB; Zheng, Jusheng; Ardamaz, E; Arriola, L et al. (American Society for Clinical Nutrition, Inc., 2017-06-07)
      Background: Gene-diet interactions have been reported to contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, to our knowledge, few examples have been consistently replicated to date. Objective: We aimed to ...
    • Interactions of dietary whole-grain intake with fasting glucose- and insulin-related genetic loci in individuals of European descent: a meta-analysis of 14 cohort studies. 

      Nettleton, JA; McKeown, NM; Kanoni, S; Lemaitre, RN; Hivert, M-F; Ngwa, J; van Rooij, FJA et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2010-12)
      OBJECTIVE: Whole-grain foods are touted for multiple health benefits, including enhancing insulin sensitivity and reducing type 2 diabetes risk. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several single ...
    • KLB is associated with alcohol drinking, and its gene product β-Klotho is necessary for FGF21 regulation of alcohol preference. 

      Schumann, G; Liu, C; O'Reilly, P; Gao, H; Song, P; Xu, B; Ruggeri, B et al. (National Academy of Sciences, 2016-12-13)
      Excessive alcohol consumption is a major public health problem worldwide. Although drinking habits are known to be inherited, few genes have been identified that are robustly linked to alcohol drinking. We conducted a ...
    • Large-scale GWAS identifies multiple loci for hand grip strength providing biological insights into muscular fitness 

      Willems, SM; Wright, Daniel; Day, Felix Ranulf; Trajanoska, K; Joshi, PK; Morris, JA; Matteini, AM et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-07-12)
      Hand grip strength is a widely used proxy of muscular fitness, a marker of frailty, and predictor of a range of morbidities and all-cause mortality. To investigate the genetic determinants of variation in grip strength, ...
    • Life-Course Genome-wide Association Study Meta-analysis of Total Body BMD and Assessment of Age-Specific Effects. 

      Medina-Gomez, Carolina; Kemp, John P; Trajanoska, Katerina; Luan, Jian'an; Chesi, Alessandra; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O et al. (2018-01)
    • Low-frequency and rare exome chip variants associate with fasting ​glucose and type 2 diabetes susceptibility 

      Wessel, Jennifer; Chu, Audrey Y; Willems, Sara Marie; Wang, Shuai; Yaghootkar, Hanieh; Brody, Jennifer A; Dauriz, Marco et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-01-29)
      Fasting ​glucose and ​insulin are intermediate traits for type 2 diabetes. Here we explore the role of coding variation on these traits by analysis of variants on the HumanExome BeadChip in 60,564 non-diabetic individuals ...
    • A Low-Frequency Inactivating Akt2 Variant Enriched in the Finnish Population is Associated With Fasting Insulin Levels and Type 2 Diabetes Risk 

      Manning, A; Highland, HM; Gasser, J; Sim, X; Tukiainen, T; Fontanillas, P; Grarup, N et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2017-03-23)
      To identify novel coding association signals and facilitate characterization of mechanisms influencing glycemic traits and type 2 diabetes risk, we analyzed 109,215 variants derived from exome array genotyping together ...
    • Mediterranean diet and type 2 diabetes risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study: the InterAct project. 

      InterAct Consortium,; Romaguera, D; Guevara, M; Norat, T; Langenberg, Claudia; Forouhi, Nita Gandhi; Sharp, S et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2011-09)
      OBJECTIVE: To study the association between adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) and risk of developing type 2 diabetes, across European countries. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We established a case-cohort ...
    • Mendelian Randomisation study of the influence of eGFR on coronary heart disease. 

      Charoen, Pimphen; Nitsch, Dorothea; Engmann, Jorgen; Shah, Tina; White, Jonathan; Zabaneh, Delilah; Jefferis, Barbara et al. (2016-06-24)
      Impaired kidney function, as measured by reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in observational studies, but it is unclear whether this ...
    • MTNR1B rs10830963 is associated with fasting plasma glucose, HbA1C and impaired beta-cell function in Chinese Hans from Shanghai 

      Liu, Chen; Wu, Ying; Li, Huaixing; Qi, Qibin; Langenberg, Claudia; Loos, Ruth; Lin, Xu (2010-04-14)
      Abstract Background Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in White Europeans have shown that genetic variation rs10830963 in melatonin receptor 1B gene (MTNR1B) is associated with fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes, which ...
    • Multiancestry genome-wide association study of 520,000 subjects identifies 32 loci associated with stroke and stroke subtypes. 

      Malik, Rainer; Chauhan, Ganesh; Traylor, Matthew Stephen; Sargurupremraj, Muralidharan; Okada, Yukinori; Mishra, Aniket; Rutten-Jacobs, Loes Carola et al. (Springer Nature, 2018-03-12)
      Stroke has multiple etiologies but the underlying genes and pathways are largely unknown. We conducted a multi-ancestry genome-wide association meta-analysis in 521,612 individuals (67,162 cases and 454,450 controls) and ...
    • No interactions between previously associated 2-hour glucose gene variants and physical activity or BMI on 2-hour glucose levels. 

      Scott, Robert; Chu, Audrey Y; Grarup, Niels; Manning, Alisa K; Hivert, Marie-France; Shungin, Dmitry; Tönjes, Anke et al. (2012-05)
    • Novel genetic loci associated with long-term deterioration in blood lipid concentrations and coronary artery disease in European adults. 

      Varga, Tibor V; Kurbasic, Azra; Aine, Mattias; Eriksson, Pontus; Ali, Ashfaq; Hindy, George; Gustafsson, Stefan et al. (2017-08)
      BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional genome-wide association studies have identified hundreds of loci associated with blood lipids and related cardiovascular traits, but few genetic association studies have focused on long-term ...
    • Novel loci affecting iron homeostasis and their effects in individuals at risk for hemochromatosis. 

      Benyamin, Beben; Esko, Tonu; Ried, Janina S; Radhakrishnan, Aparna; Vermeulen, Sita H; Traglia, Michela; Gögele, Martin et al. (2014-10-29)
    • Novel loci for adiponectin levels and their influence on type 2 diabetes and metabolic traits: a multi-ethnic meta-analysis of 45,891 individuals. 

      Dastani, Zari; Hivert, Marie-France; Timpson, Nicholas; Perry, John Richard; Yuan, Xin; Scott, Robert; Henneman, Peter et al. (2012-01)
    • PCSK9 genetic variants and risk of type 2 diabetes: a mendelian randomisation study 

      Schmidt, AF; Swerdlow, DI; Holmes, MV; Patel, RS; Fairhurst-Hunter, Z; Lyall, DM; Hartwig, FP et al. (Elsevier BV, 2017-02)
      BACKGROUND: Statin treatment and variants in the gene encoding HMG-CoA reductase are associated with reductions in both the concentration of LDL cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease, but also with modest ...
    • Protein-altering variants associated with body mass index implicate pathways that control energy intake and expenditure in obesity. 

      Turcot, Valérie; Lu, Yingchang; Highland, Heather M; Schurmann, Claudia; Justice, Anne E; Fine, Rebecca S; Bradfield, Jonathan P et al. (Springer Nature, 2018-01)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >250 loci for body mass index (BMI), implicating pathways related to neuronal biology. Most GWAS loci represent clusters of common, non-coding variants from which ...