Now showing items 7-26 of 28

    • Breast cancer risk variants at 6q25 display different phenotype associations and regulate ESR1, RMND1 and CCDC170 

      Dunning, Alison M.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Thompson, Deborah; French, Juliet D.; Beesley, Jonathan; Healey, Catherine S. et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      We analysed 3872 common genetic variants across the ESR1 locus (encoding estrogen receptor–alpha) in 118,816 subjects from three international consortia. We found evidence for at least five independent causal variants, ...
    • Combined effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms TP53R72P and MDM2SNP309, and p53 expression on survival of breast cancer patients 

      Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Tommiska, Johanna; Broeks, Annegien; van Leeuwen, Flora E.; Van't Veer, Laura J.; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Easton, Douglas F. et al. (2009-12-18)
      Abstract Introduction Somatic inactivation of the TP53 gene in breast tumors is a marker for poor outcome, and breast cancer outcome might also be affected by germ-line variation in the TP53 gene or its regulators. We ...
    • Common breast cancer susceptibility alleles are associated with tumor subtypes in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: results from the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2. 

      Mulligan, Anna Marie; Couch, Fergus J.; Barrowdale, Daniel; Domchek, Susan M.; Eccles, Diana; Nevanlinna, Heli; Ramus, Susan J. et al. (2011-11-02)
      Abstract Introduction Previous studies have demonstrated that common breast cancer susceptibility alleles are differentially associated with breast cancer risk for BRCA1 and/or BRCA2 mutation carriers. It is currently ...
    • Common non-synonymous SNPs associated with breast cancer susceptibility: findings from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium 

      Milne, Roger L.; Burwinkel, Barbara; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Arias-Perez, Jose-Ignacio; Zamora, M. Pilar; Menéndez-Rodríguez, Primitiva; Hardisson, David et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-07-04)
      Candidate variant association studies have been largely unsuccessful in identifying common breast cancer susceptibility variants, although most studies have been underpowered to detect associations of a realistic magnitude ...
    • Effects of BRCA2 cis-regulation in normal breast and cancer risk amongst BRCA2 mutation carriers 

      Maia, Ana-Teresa; Antoniou, Antonis C.; O'Reilly, Martin; Samarajiwa, Shamith; Dunning, Mark; Kartsonaki, Christiana; Chin, Suet-Feung et al. (2012-04-18)
      Abstract Introduction Cis-acting regulatory single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at specific loci may modulate penetrance of germline mutations at the same loci by introducing different levels of expression of the wild-type ...
    • Evidence for SMAD3 as a modifier of breast cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers 

      Walker, Logan C.; Fredericksen, Zachary S.; Wang, Xianshu; Tarrell, Robert; Pankratz, Vernon Shane; Lindor, Noralane M.; Beesley, Jonathan et al. (2010-11-29)
      Abstract Introduction Current attempts to identify genetic modifiers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 associated risk have focused on a candidate gene approach, based on knowledge of gene functions, or the development of large genome-wide ...
    • Evidence that breast cancer risk at the 2q35 locus is mediated through IGFBP5 regulation 

      Ghoussaini, Maya; Edwards, Stacey L.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Nord, Silje; Cowper-Sal•lari, Richard; Desai, Kinjal; Kar, Siddhartha et al. (NPG, 2014-09-23)
      GWAS have identified a breast cancer susceptibility locus on 2q35. Here we report the fine-mapping of this locus using data from 101,943 subjects from 50 case-control studies. We genotype 276 SNPs using the “iCOGS” genotyping ...
    • Exploring the link between MORF4L1 and risk of breast cancer 

      Martrat, Griselda; Maxwell, Christopher A.; Tominaga, Emiko; Porta, Montserrat; Bonifaci, Nuria; Gomez-Baldo, Laia; Bogliolo, Massimo et al. (2011-04-05)
      Abstract Introduction Proteins encoded by Fanconi anemia (FA) and/or breast cancer (BrCa) susceptibility genes cooperate in a common DNA damage repair signaling pathway. To gain deeper insight into this pathway and its ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (Cell/Elsevier, 18/12/2014)
      Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) revealed SNP rs889312 on 5q11.2 to be associated with breast cancer risk in women of European ancestry. In an attempt to identify the biologically relevant variants, we analysed 909 ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1. 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (2015-12-18)
    • Fine-scale mapping of 8q24 locus identifies multiple independent risk variants for breast cancer 

      Shi, Jiajun; Zhang, Yanfeng; Zheng, Wei; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Ghoussaini, Maya; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin et al. (Wiley, 2016)
      Previous genome-wide association studies among women of European ancestry identified two independent breast cancer susceptibility loci represented by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs13281615 and rs11780156 at 8q24. ...
    • Functional Mechanisms Underlying Pleiotropic Risk Alleles at the 19p13.1 Breast-Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility Locus 

      Lawrenson, Kate; Kar, Siddhartha; McCue, Karen; Kuchenbaeker, Karoline; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan; Beesley, Jonathan et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      A locus at 19p13 is associated with breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) risk. We analyzed 438 SNPs in this region in 46,451 BC and 15,438 OC cases, 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers and 73,444 controls and identified ...
    • Genetic variation in the immunosuppression pathway genes and breast cancer: a pooled analysis of 42,510 cases and 40,577 controls from the Breast 

      Lei, Jieping; Rudolph, Anja; Moysich, Kirsten B.; Behrens, Sabine; Goode, Ellen L.; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Dennis, Joe et al. (Springer, 2015-11-30)
      Immunosuppression plays a pivotal role in assisting tumors to evade immune destruction and promoting tumor development. We hypothesized that genetic variation in the immunosuppression pathway genes may be implicated in ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis of more than 120,000 individuals identifies 15 new susceptibility loci for breast cancer. 

      Michailidou, Kyriaki; Beesley, Jonathan; Lindstrom, Sara; Canisius, Sander; Dennis, Joe; Lush, Michael J.; Maranian, Mel J. et al. (NPG, 2015-03-09)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and large-scale replication studies have identified common variants in 79 loci associated with breast cancer, explaining ~14% of the familial risk of the disease. To identify new ...
    • Identification and characterisation of novel associations in the CASP8/ALS2CR12 region on chromosome 2 with breast cancer risk 

      Lin, Wei-Yu; Camp, Nicola J.; Ghoussaini, Maya; Beesley, Jonathan; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Hopper, John L.; Apicella, Carmel et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-08-28)
      Previous studies have suggested that polymorphisms in CASP8 on chromosome 2 are associated with breast cancer risk. To clarify the role of CASP8 in breast cancer susceptibility we carried out dense genotyping of this region ...
    • Identification of four novel susceptibility loci for estrogen receptor negative breast cancer 

      Couch, Fergus J.; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Mendoza-Fandino, Gustavo A.; Nord, Silje; Lilyquist, Janna; Olswold, Curtis et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      Common variants in 94 loci have been associated with breast cancer including 15 loci with genome wide significant associations (P<5x10-8) with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer and BRCA1-associated breast cancer ...
    • Identification of four novel susceptibility loci for oestrogen receptor negative breast cancer 

      Couch, Fergus J.; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Mendoza-Fandino, Gustavo A.; Nord, Silje; Lilyquist, Janna; Olswold, Curtis et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-04-27)
      Common variants in 94 loci have been associated with breast cancer including 15 loci with genome-wide significant associations (P<5 × 10$^{−8}$) with oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer and BRCA1-associated ...
    • Identification of Novel Genetic Markers of Breast Cancer Survival 

      Guo, Qi; Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Kraft, Peter; Canisius, Sander; Chen, Constance; Khan, Sofia; Tyrer, Jonathan et al. (Oxford Journals, 2015-04-18)
      Background: Survival after a diagnosis of breast cancer varies considerably between patients, and some of this variation may be because of germline genetic variation. We aimed to identify genetic markers associated with ...
    • Identification of six new susceptibility loci for invasive epithelial ovarian cancer 

      Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Ramus, Susan J.; Tyrer, Jonathan; Lee, Andrew; Shen, Howard C.; Beesley, Jonathan; Lawrenson, Kate et al. (2015-01-12)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 12 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) susceptibility alleles. The pattern of association at these loci is consistent in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers who are at high ...
    • Performance of automated scoring of ER, PR, HER2, CK5/6 and EGFR in breast cancer tissue microarrays in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium 

      Howat, William; Blows, Fiona; Provenzano, Elena; Brook, Mark; Morris, Lorna; Gazinska, Patrycja; Johnson, Nicola et al. (Wiley, 2014-12-04)
      Breast cancer risk factors and clinical outcomes vary by tumor marker expression. However, individual studies often lack the power required to assess these relationships, and large-scale analyses are limited by the need ...