Now showing items 1-17 of 17

    • Adiposity, hormone replacement therapy use and breast cancer risk by age and hormone receptor status: a large prospective cohort study 

      Ritte, Rebecca; Lukanova, Annekatrin; Berrino, Franco; Dossus, Laure; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Overvad, Thure F. et al. (2012-05-14)
      Abstract Introduction Associations of hormone-receptor positive breast cancer with excess adiposity are reasonably well characterized; however, uncertainty remains regarding the association of body mass index (BMI) with ...
    • The association of coffee intake with liver cancer risk is mediated by biomarkers of inflammation and hepatocellular injury: data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition 

      Aleksandrova, Krasimira; Bamia, Christina; Drogan, Dagmar; Lagiou, Pagona; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Jenab, Mazda; Fedirko, Veronika et al. (American Society for Nutrition, 2015-11-11)
      BACKGROUND: Higher coffee intake has been purportedly related to a lower risk of liver cancer. However, it remains unclear whether this association may be accounted for by specific biological mechanisms. ...
    • The Association of Multiple Biomarkers of Iron Metabolism and Type 2 Diabetes - the EPIC-InterAct Study 

      Podmore, Clara; Meidtner, Karina; Schulze, Matthias B.; Scott, Robert A.; Ramond, Anna; Butterworth, Adam S.; di Angelantonio, Emanuele et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2016-02-09)
      Objective: Observational studies show an association between ferritin and type 2 diabetes (T2D), suggesting a role of high iron stores for T2D development. However, ferritin is influenced by factors other than iron stores, ...
    • Association of plasma phospholipid n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids with type 2 diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study 

      Forouhi, Nita G.; Imamura, Fumiaki; Sharp, Stephen J.; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B.; Zheng, Jusheng; Ye, Zheng et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-07-19)
      ${\bf Background:}$ Whether and how n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are related to type 2 diabetes (T2D) is debated. Objectively measured plasma PUFAs can help to clarify these associations. ${\bf ...
    • Circulating Osteopontin and Prediction of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Development in a Large European Population 

      Duarte-Salles, Talita; Misra, Sandeep; Stepien, Magdalena; Plymoth, Amelie; Muller, David C.; Overvad, Kim; Olsen, Anja et al. (American Association for Cancer Research, 2016-06-23)
      We previously identified osteopontin (OPN) as a promising marker for the early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the association between pre-diagnostic circulating OPN levels and ...
    • Common genetic variants highlight the role of insulin resistance and body fat distribution in type 2 diabetes, independently of obesity 

      Scott, Robert A.; Fall, Tove; Pasko, Dorota; Barker, Adam; Sharp, Stephen J.; Arriola, Larraitz; Balkau, Beverley et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2014-06-19)
      We aimed to validate genetic variants as instruments for insulin resistance and secretion, to characterise their association with intermediate phenotypes, and to investigate their role in T2D risk among normal-weight, ...
    • Determinants of non- response to a second assessment of lifestyle factors and body weight in the EPIC-PANACEA study 

      May, Anne M.; Adema, Lotte E.; Romaguera, Dora; Vergnaud, Anne-Claire; Agudo, Antonio; Ekelund, Ulf; Steffen, Annika et al. (2012-09-24)
      Abstract Background This paper discusses whether baseline demographic, socio-economic, health variables, length of follow-up and method of contacting the participants predict non-response to the invitation for a second ...
    • Diet Quality Scores and Prediction of All-Cause, Cardiovascular and Cancer Mortality in a Pan-European Cohort Study 

      Lassale, Camille; Gunter, Marc J.; Romaguera, Dora; Peelen, Linda M.; Van der Schouw, Yvonne T.; Beulens, Joline W. J.; Freisling, Heinz et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-07-13)
      Scores of overall diet quality have received increasing attention in relation to disease aetiology; however, their value in risk prediction has been little examined. The objective was to assess and compare the association ...
    • Genetic polymorphisms of the GNRH1 and GNRHR genes and risk of breast cancer in the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3) 

      Canzian, Federico; Kaaks, Rudolf; Cox, David G.; Henderson, Katherine D.; Henderson, Brian E.; Berg, Christine; Bingham, Sheila et al. (2009-07-29)
      Abstract Background Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GNRH1) triggers the release of follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone from the pituitary. Genetic variants in the gene encoding GNRH1 or its receptor may ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis of more than 120,000 individuals identifies 15 new susceptibility loci for breast cancer. 

      Michailidou, Kyriaki; Beesley, Jonathan; Lindstrom, Sara; Canisius, Sander; Dennis, Joe; Lush, Michael J.; Maranian, Mel J. et al. (NPG, 2015-03-09)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and large-scale replication studies have identified common variants in 79 loci associated with breast cancer, explaining ~14% of the familial risk of the disease. To identify new ...
    • A genomic approach to therapeutic target validation identifies a glucose-lowering GLP1R variant protective for coronary heart disease 

      Scott, Robert A.; Freitag, Daniel F.; Li, Li; Chu, Audrey Y.; Surendran, Praveen; Young, Robin; Grarup, Niels et al. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2016-06-01)
      Regulatory authorities have indicated that new drugs to treat type 2 diabetes (T2D) should not be associated with an unacceptable increase in cardiovascular risk. Human genetics may be able to guide development of antidiabetic ...
    • Lung cancers attributable to environmental tobacco smoke and air pollution in non-smokers in different European countries: a prospective study 

      Vineis, Paolo; Hoek, Gerard; Krzyzanowski, Michal; Vigna-Taglianti, Federica; Veglia, Fabrizio; Airoldi, Luisa; Overvad, Kim et al. (2007-02-15)
      Abstract Background Several countries are discussing new legislation on the ban of smoking in public places, and on the acceptable levels of traffic-related air pollutants. It is therefore useful to estimate the burden of ...
    • Meat consumption and mortality - results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition 

      Rohrmann, Sabine; Overvad, Kim; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B.; Jakobsen, Marianne U.; Egeberg, Rikke; Tjønneland, Anne; Nailler, Laura et al. (2013-03-07)
      Abstract Background Recently, some US cohorts have shown a moderate association between red and processed meat consumption and mortality supporting the results of previous studies among vegetarians. The aim of this study ...
    • Physical Activity and all-cause mortality across levels of general and abdominal adiposity: The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Study (EPIC) 

      Ekelund, Ulf; Ward, Heather A.; Norat, Teresa; Luan, Jian'an; May, Anne M.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Sharp, Stephen S. et al. (American Society for Nutrition, 2015-01-14)
      Background: The higher risk of death resulting from excess adiposity may be attenuated by physical activity (PA). However, the theoretical number of deaths reduced by eliminating physical inactivity compared with overall ...
    • Pre-diagnostic meat and fibre intakes in relation to colorectal cancer survival in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition 

      Ward, Heather A.; Norat, Teresa; Overvad, Kim; Dahm, Christina C.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas; Jenab, Mazda; Fedirko, Veronika et al. (Cambridge University Press, 2016-05-19)
      Improvements in colorectal cancer (CRC) detection and treatment have led to greater numbers of CRC survivors, for whom there is limited evidence on which to provide dietary guidelines to improve survival outcomes. Higher ...
    • Prediagnostic selenium status and hepatobiliary cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort 

      Hughes, David J.; Duarte-Salles, Talita; Hybsier, Sandra; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Stepien, Magdalena; Aleksandrova, Krasimira; Overvad, Kim et al. (American Society for Nutrition, 2016-06-29)
      Background: Selenium status is suboptimal in many Europeans and may be a risk factor for the development of various cancers, including those of the liver and biliary tract. Objective: We wished to examine whether selenium ...
    • Reproductive factors and risk of mortality in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition; a cohort study 

      Merritt, Melissa A; Riboli, Elio; Murphy, Neil; Kadi, Mai; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Overvad, Kim et al. (2015-10-30)
      Abstract Background Reproductive events are associated with important physiologic changes, yet little is known about how reproductive factors influence long-term health in ...