Now showing items 1-20 of 38

    • Adiposity, hormone replacement therapy use and breast cancer risk by age and hormone receptor status: a large prospective cohort study 

      Ritte, Rebecca; Lukanova, Annekatrin; Berrino, Franco; Dossus, Laure; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Overvad, Thure F et al. (2012-05-14)
      Abstract Introduction Associations of hormone-receptor positive breast cancer with excess adiposity are reasonably well characterized; however, uncertainty remains regarding the association of body mass index (BMI) with ...
    • Association between plasma phospholipid saturated fatty acids and metabolic markers of lipid, hepatic, inflammation and glycaemic pathways in eight European countries: a cross-sectional analysis in the EPIC-InterAct study 

      Zheng, Ju-Sheng; Sharp, Stephen J; Imamura, Fumiaki; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B; Ye, Zheng; Griffin, Jules et al. (2017-11-17)
      Abstract Background Accumulating evidence suggests that individual circulating saturated fatty acids (SFAs) are heterogeneous in their associations with cardio-metabolic ...
    • The association of coffee intake with liver cancer risk is mediated by biomarkers of inflammation and hepatocellular injury: data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition 

      Aleksandrova, Krasimira; Bamia, Christina; Drogan, Dagmar; Lagiou, Pagona; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Jenab, Mazda; Fedirko, Veronika et al. (American Society for Nutrition, 2015-11-11)
      BACKGROUND: Higher coffee intake has been purportedly related to a lower risk of liver cancer. However, it remains unclear whether this association may be accounted for by specific biological mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: ...
    • The Association of Multiple Biomarkers of Iron Metabolism and Type 2 Diabetes - the EPIC-InterAct Study 

      Podmore, Clara; Meidtner, Karina; Schulze, Matthias B; Scott, Robert; Ramond, Anna; Butterworth, Adam Stuart; di, Angelantonio Emanuele et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2016-02-09)
      Objective: Observational studies show an association between ferritin and type 2 diabetes (T2D), suggesting a role of high iron stores for T2D development. However, ferritin is influenced by factors other than iron stores, ...
    • Association of plasma phospholipid n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids with type 2 diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study 

      Forouhi, Nita G.; Imamura, Fumiaki; Sharp, Stephen J.; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B.; Zheng, Jusheng; Ye, Zheng et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-07-19)
      ${\bf Background:}$ Whether and how n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are related to type 2 diabetes (T2D) is debated. Objectively measured plasma PUFAs can help to clarify these associations. ${\bf ...
    • Association of Plasma Phospholipid n-3 and n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids with Type 2 Diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct Case-Cohort Study. 

      Forouhi, Nita Gandhi; Imamura, Fumiaki; Sharp, Stephen John; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B; Zheng, Jusheng; Ye, Zheng et al. (2016-07-19)
      BACKGROUND: Whether and how n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are related to type 2 diabetes (T2D) is debated. Objectively measured plasma PUFAs can help to clarify these associations. METHODS AND FINDINGS: ...
    • Circulating copper and zinc levels and risk of hepatobiliary cancers in Europeans. 

      Stepien, Magdalena; Hughes, David J; Hybsier, Sandra; Bamia, Christina; Tjønneland, Anne; Overvad, Kim; Affret, Aurélie et al. (2017-02-02)
      BACKGROUND: Copper and zinc are essential micronutrients and cofactors of many enzymatic reactions that may be involved in liver-cancer development. We aimed to assess pre-diagnostic circulating levels of copper, zinc and ...
    • Circulating Osteopontin and Prediction of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Development in a Large European Population 

      Duarte-Salles, Talita; Misra, Sandeep; Stepien, Magdalena; Plymoth, Amelie; Muller, David C; Overvad, Kim; Olsen, Anja et al. (American Association for Cancer Research, 2016-06-23)
      We previously identified osteopontin (OPN) as a promising marker for the early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the association between pre-diagnostic circulating OPN levels and ...
    • Coffee Drinking and Mortality in 10 European Countries: A Multinational Cohort Study 

      Gunter, Marc J; Murphy, Neil; Cross, Amanda J; Dossus, Laure; Dartois, Laureen; Fagherazzi, Guy; Kaaks, Rudolf et al. (American College of Physicians, 2017-08-15)
      Background: The relationship between coffee consumption and mortality in diverse European populations with variable coffee preparation methods is unclear. Objective: To examine whether coffee consumption is associated with ...
    • A combination of plasma phospholipid fatty acids and its association with incidence of type 2 diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study. 

      Imamura, Fumiaki; Sharp, Stephen John; Koulman, Albert; Schulze, Matthias B; Kröger, Janine; Griffin, Julian Leether; Huerta, José M et al. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-10-11)
      Background: Combinations of multiple fatty acids may influence cardiometabolic risk more than single fatty acids. The association of a combination of fatty acids with incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) has not been evaluated. Methods ...
    • Common genetic variants highlight the role of insulin resistance and body fat distribution in type 2 diabetes, independently of obesity 

      Scott, Robert; Fall, Tove; Pasko, Dorota; Barker, Adam; Sharp, Stephen John; Arriola, Larraitz; Balkau, Beverley et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2014-06-19)
      We aimed to validate genetic variants as instruments for insulin resistance and secretion, to characterise their association with intermediate phenotypes, and to investigate their role in T2D risk among normal-weight, ...
    • Correlates of circulating ovarian cancer early detection markers and their contribution to discrimination of early detection models: results from the EPIC cohort 

      Fortner, Renée T; Vitonis, Allison F; Schock, Helena; Hüsing, Anika; Johnson, Theron; Fichorova, Raina N; Fashemi, Titilayo et al. (2017-03-20)
      Abstract Background Ovarian cancer early detection markers CA125, CA15.3, HE4, and CA72.4 vary between healthy women, limiting their utility for screening. ...
    • Determinants of non- response to a second assessment of lifestyle factors and body weight in the EPIC-PANACEA study 

      May, Anne M; Adema, Lotte E; Romaguera, Dora; Vergnaud, Anne-Claire; Agudo, Antonio; Ekelund, Ulf Mikael; Steffen, Annika et al. (2012-09-24)
      Abstract Background This paper discusses whether baseline demographic, socio-economic, health variables, length of follow-up and method of contacting the participants predict non-response to the invitation for a second ...
    • Diet Quality Scores and Prediction of All-Cause, Cardiovascular and Cancer Mortality in a Pan-European Cohort Study 

      Lassale, Camille; Gunter, Marc J; Romaguera, Dora; Peelen, Linda M; Van, der Schouw Yvonne T; Beulens, Joline WJ; Freisling, Heinz et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-07-13)
      Scores of overall diet quality have received increasing attention in relation to disease aetiology; however, their value in risk prediction has been little examined. The objective was to assess and compare the association ...
    • Dietary energy density in relation to subsequent changes of weight and waist circumference in European men and women. 

      Du, Huaidong; van der A, Daphne L; Ginder, Vanessa; Jebb, Susan A; Forouhi, Nita Gandhi; Wareham, Nicholas John; Halkjaer, Jytte et al. (2009-01)
    • Dietary Polyphenols in the Aetiology of Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis—A Multicenter European Prospective Cohort Study (EPIC) 

      Lu, Yunxia; Zamora-Ros, Raul; Chan, Simon; Cross, Amanda J; Ward, Heather; Jakszyn, Paula; Luben, Robert et al. (Oxford University Press, 2017-12-01)
      Background: Oxidative stress may be involved in the aetiology of inflammatory bowel disease and whether dietary polyphenols, which possess antioxidants properties, prevent its development is unknown. Methods: A total ...
    • Erratum. Dietary protein intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes in europe: the EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study. Diabetes Care 2014;37:1854-1862. 

      van Nielen, Monique; Feskens, Edith JM; Mensink, Marco; Sluijs, Ivonne; Molina, Esther; Amiano, Pilar; Ardanaz, Eva et al. (2015-10)
    • An Expanded Genome-Wide Association Study of Type 2 Diabetes in Europeans. 

      Scott, Robert A; Scott, Laura J; Mägi, Reedik; Marullo, Letizia; Gaulton, Kyle J; Kaakinen, Marika; Pervjakova, Natalia et al. (American Diabetes Association, 2017-11-01)
      To characterize type 2 diabetes (T2D)-associated variation across the allele frequency spectrum, we conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association data from 26,676 T2D case and 132,532 control subjects of European ...
    • The genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes. 

      Fuchsberger, Christian; Flannick, Jason; Teslovich, Tanya M; Mahajan, Anubha; Agarwala, Vineeta; Gaulton, Kyle J; Ma, Clement et al. (2016-08)
      The genetic architecture of common traits, including the number, frequency, and effect sizes of inherited variants that contribute to individual risk, has been long debated. Genome-wide association studies have identified ...
    • Genetic fine mapping and genomic annotation defines causal mechanisms at type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci. 

      Gaulton, Kyle J; Ferreira, Teresa; Lee, Yeji; Raimondo, Anne; Mägi, Reedik; Reschen, Michael E; Mahajan, Anubha et al. (2015-12)