Now showing items 1-20 of 23

• #### Adiposity, hormone replacement therapy use and breast cancer risk by age and hormone receptor status: a large prospective cohort study ﻿

(2012-05-14)
Abstract Introduction Associations of hormone-receptor positive breast cancer with excess adiposity are reasonably well characterized; however, uncertainty remains regarding the association of body mass index (BMI) with ...
• #### The association of coffee intake with liver cancer risk is mediated by biomarkers of inflammation and hepatocellular injury: data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition ﻿

(American Society for Nutrition, 2015-11-11)
BACKGROUND: Higher coffee intake has been purportedly related to a lower risk of liver cancer. However, it remains unclear whether this association may be accounted for by specific biological mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: ...
• #### Association of plasma phospholipid n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids with type 2 diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study ﻿

(Public Library of Science, 2016-07-19)
${\bf Background:}$ Whether and how n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are related to type 2 diabetes (T2D) is debated. Objectively measured plasma PUFAs can help to clarify these associations. \${\bf ...
• #### Association of Plasma Phospholipid n-3 and n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids with Type 2 Diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct Case-Cohort Study. ﻿

(2016-07-19)
BACKGROUND: Whether and how n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are related to type 2 diabetes (T2D) is debated. Objectively measured plasma PUFAs can help to clarify these associations. METHODS AND FINDINGS: ...
• #### Circulating concentrations of vitamin D in relation to pancreatic cancer risk in European populations. ﻿

(Wiley-Blackwell, 2018-03)
Evidence from in vivo, in vitro and ecological studies are suggestive of a protective effect of vitamin D against pancreatic cancer (PC). However, this has not been confirmed by analytical epidemiological studies. We aimed ...
• #### Circulating copper and zinc levels and risk of hepatobiliary cancers in Europeans. ﻿

(2017-02-02)
BACKGROUND: Copper and zinc are essential micronutrients and cofactors of many enzymatic reactions that may be involved in liver-cancer development. We aimed to assess pre-diagnostic circulating levels of copper, zinc and ...
• #### Coffee Drinking and Mortality in 10 European Countries: A Multinational Cohort Study ﻿

(American College of Physicians, 2017-08-15)
Background: The relationship between coffee consumption and mortality in diverse European populations with variable coffee preparation methods is unclear. Objective: To examine whether coffee consumption is associated with ...
• #### A combination of plasma phospholipid fatty acids and its association with incidence of type 2 diabetes: The EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study. ﻿

(Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-10-11)
Background: Combinations of multiple fatty acids may influence cardiometabolic risk more than single fatty acids. The association of a combination of fatty acids with incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) has not been evaluated. Methods ...
• #### Common genetic variants highlight the role of insulin resistance and body fat distribution in type 2 diabetes, independently of obesity ﻿

(American Diabetes Association, 2014-06-19)
We aimed to validate genetic variants as instruments for insulin resistance and secretion, to characterise their association with intermediate phenotypes, and to investigate their role in T2D risk among normal-weight, ...
• #### Diet Quality Scores and Prediction of All-Cause, Cardiovascular and Cancer Mortality in a Pan-European Cohort Study ﻿

(Public Library of Science, 2016-07-13)
Scores of overall diet quality have received increasing attention in relation to disease aetiology; however, their value in risk prediction has been little examined. The objective was to assess and compare the association ...

(2015-10)
• #### A genomic approach to therapeutic target validation identifies a glucose-lowering GLP1R variant protective for coronary heart disease ﻿

(American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2016-06-01)
Regulatory authorities have indicated that new drugs to treat type 2 diabetes (T2D) should not be associated with an unacceptable increase in cardiovascular risk. Human genetics may be able to guide development of antidiabetic ...
• #### The INSIG2 rs7566605 polymorphism is not associated with body mass index and breast cancer risk ﻿

(2010-10-18)
Abstract Background The single nucleotide polymorphism rs7566605, located in the promoter of the INSIG2 gene, has been the subject of a strong scientific effort aimed to elucidate its possible association with body mass ...
• #### Interaction of Dietary and Genetic Factors Influencing Body Iron Status and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Within the EPIC-InterAct Study. ﻿

(American Diabetes Association, 2017-11-21)
OBJECTIVE: Meat intake has been consistently shown to be positively associated with incident type 2 diabetes. Part of that association may be mediated by body iron status, which is influenced by genetic factors. We aimed ...
• #### Interplay between genetic predisposition, macronutrient intake and type 2 diabetes incidence: analysis within EPIC-InterAct across eight European countries. ﻿

(Springer Nature, 2018-06)
Abstract Aims/hypothesis: Gene-macronutrient interactions may contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes but evidence is inconclusive. Methods: We investigated interactions between genetic risk scores (GRSs) for ...
• #### Lifetime and baseline alcohol intakes and risk of pancreatic cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. ﻿

(2018-03-09)
• #### Lung cancers attributable to environmental tobacco smoke and air pollution in non-smokers in different European countries: a prospective study ﻿

(2007-02-15)
Abstract Background Several countries are discussing new legislation on the ban of smoking in public places, and on the acceptable levels of traffic-related air pollutants. It is therefore useful to estimate the burden of ...
• #### Meat consumption and mortality - results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition ﻿

(2013-03-07)
Abstract Background Recently, some US cohorts have shown a moderate association between red and processed meat consumption and mortality supporting the results of previous studies among vegetarians. The aim of this study ...
• #### Modifiable causes of premature death in middle-age in Western Europe: results from the EPIC cohort study. ﻿

(BioMed Central, 2016-06-14)
BACKGROUND: Life expectancy is increasing in Europe, yet a substantial proportion of adults still die prematurely before the age of 70 years. We sought to estimate the joint and relative contributions of tobacco smoking, ...
• #### Physical Activity and all-cause mortality across levels of general and abdominal adiposity: The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Study (EPIC) ﻿

(American Society for Nutrition, 2015-01-14)
Background: The higher risk of death resulting from excess adiposity may be attenuated by physical activity (PA). However, the theoretical number of deaths reduced by eliminating physical inactivity compared with overall ...