Now showing items 3-22 of 29

    • Breast cancer risk variants at 6q25 display different phenotype associations and regulate ESR1, RMND1 and CCDC170 

      Dunning, Alison M.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Thompson, Deborah; French, Juliet D.; Beesley, Jonathan; Healey, Catherine S. et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      We analysed 3872 common genetic variants across the ESR1 locus (encoding estrogen receptor–alpha) in 118,816 subjects from three international consortia. We found evidence for at least five independent causal variants, ...
    • Candidate locus analysis of the TERT–CLPTM1L cancer risk region on chromosome 5p15 identifies multiple independent variants associated with endometrial cancer risk 

      Carvajal-Carmona, Luis G.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Painter, Jodie N.; Lose, Felicity A.; Dennis, Joe; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan P. et al. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014-12-09)
      Several studies have reported associations between multiple cancer types and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 5p15, which harbours TERT and CLPTM1L, but no such association has been reported with ...
    • Combined effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms TP53R72P and MDM2SNP309, and p53 expression on survival of breast cancer patients 

      Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Tommiska, Johanna; Broeks, Annegien; van Leeuwen, Flora E.; Van't Veer, Laura J.; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Easton, Douglas F. et al. (2009-12-18)
      Abstract Introduction Somatic inactivation of the TP53 gene in breast tumors is a marker for poor outcome, and breast cancer outcome might also be affected by germ-line variation in the TP53 gene or its regulators. We ...
    • Combined genetic and splicing analysis of BRCA1 c.[594-2A>C; 641A>G] highlights the relevance of naturally occurring in-frame transcripts for developing disease gene variant classification algorithms 

      de la Hoya, Miguel; Soukarieh, Omar; López-Perolio, Irene; Vega, Ana; Walker, Logan C.; van Ierland, Yvette; Baralle, Diana et al. (Oxford University Press, 2016-03-23)
      A recent analysis using family history weighting and co-observation classification modeling indicated that BRCA1 c.594-2A > C (IVS9-2A > C), previously described to cause exon 10 skipping (a truncating alteration), displays ...
    • Common ERBB2polymorphisms and risk of breast cancer in a white British population: a case-control study 

      Benusiglio, Patrick R.; Lesueur, Fabienne; Luccarini, Craig; Conroy, Donald M.; Shah, Mitul; Easton, Douglas F.; Day, Nick E. et al. (2005-01-12)
      Abstract Introduction About two-thirds of the excess familial risk associated with breast cancer is still unaccounted for and may be explained by multiple weakly predisposing alleles. A gene thought to be involved in ...
    • Common non-synonymous SNPs associated with breast cancer susceptibility: findings from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium 

      Milne, Roger L.; Burwinkel, Barbara; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Arias-Perez, Jose-Ignacio; Zamora, M. Pilar; Menéndez-Rodríguez, Primitiva; Hardisson, David et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-07-04)
      Candidate variant association studies have been largely unsuccessful in identifying common breast cancer susceptibility variants, although most studies have been underpowered to detect associations of a realistic magnitude ...
    • Comprehensive genetic assessment of the ESR1 locus identifies a risk region for endometrial cancer 

      O'Mara, Tracy A.; Glubb, Dylan M.; Painter, Jodie N.; Cheng, Timothy; Dennis, Joe; Australian National Endometrial Cancer Study Group (ANECS); Attia, John et al. (Society for Endocrinology, 2015-08-30)
      Excessive exposure to estrogen is a well-established risk factor for endometrial cancer (EC), particularly for cancers of endometrioid histology. The physiological function of estrogen is primarily mediated by estrogen ...
    • CYP19A1 fine-mapping and Mendelian randomization: estradiol is causal for endometrial cancer. 

      Thompson, Deborah J.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Glubb, Dylan M.; Painter, Jodie N.; Cheng, Timothy; Folkerd, Elizabeth; Doody, Deborah et al. (Bioscientifica, 2015-11-16)
      Candidate gene studies have reported CYP19A1 variants to be associated with endometrial cancer and with estradiol concentrations. We analysed 2,937 SNPs in 6,608 endometrial cancer cases and 37,925 controls and report the ...
    • CYP2D6 gene variants: association with breast cancer specific survival in a cohort of breast cancer patients from the United Kingdom treated with adjuvant tamoxifen 

      Abraham, Jean E.; Maranian, Mel J.; Driver, Kristy E.; Platte, Radka; Kalmyrzaev, Bolot; Baynes, Caroline; Luccarini, Craig et al. (2010-08-23)
      Abstract Introduction Tamoxifen is one of the most effective adjuvant breast cancer therapies available. Its metabolism involves the phase I enzyme, cytochrome P4502D6 (CYP2D6), encoded by the highly polymorphic CYP2D6 ...
    • Evidence that breast cancer risk at the 2q35 locus is mediated through IGFBP5 regulation 

      Ghoussaini, Maya; Edwards, Stacey L.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Nord, Silje; Cowper-Sal•lari, Richard; Desai, Kinjal; Kar, Siddhartha et al. (NPG, 2014-09-23)
      GWAS have identified a breast cancer susceptibility locus on 2q35. Here we report the fine-mapping of this locus using data from 101,943 subjects from 50 case-control studies. We genotype 276 SNPs using the “iCOGS” genotyping ...
    • Evidence that the 5p12 variant rs10941679 confers susceptibility to estrogen receptor positive breast cancer through FGF10 and MRPS30 regulation 

      Ghoussaini, Maya; French, Juliet D.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Nord, Silje; Beesley, Jonathan; Canisus, Sander; Hillman, Kristine M. et al. (Elsevier (Cell Press), 2016)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed increased breast cancer risk associated with multiple genetic variants at 5p12. Here, we report the fine-mapping of this locus using data from 104,660 subjects from 50 ...
    • Familial relative risks for breast cancer by pathological subtype: a population-based cohort study 

      Mavaddat, Nasim; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Blows, Fiona; Driver, Kristy E.; Provenzano, Elena; Thompson, Deborah J.; MacInnis, Robert J. et al. (2010-02-10)
      Abstract Introduction The risk of breast cancer to first degree relatives of breast cancer patients is approximately twice that of the general population. Breast cancer, however, is a heterogeneous disease and it is plausible ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (Cell/Elsevier, 18/12/2014)
      Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) revealed SNP rs889312 on 5q11.2 to be associated with breast cancer risk in women of European ancestry. In an attempt to identify the biologically relevant variants, we analysed 909 ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1. 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (2015-12-18)
    • Fine-mapping of the HNF1B multicancer locus identifies candidate variants that mediate endometrial cancer risk 

      Painter, Jodie N.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Batra, Jyotsna; Cheng, Timothy; Lose, Felicity A.; Dennis, Joe; Michailidou, Kyriaki et al. (Oxford Journals, 2014-11-06)
      Common variants in the hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 homeobox B (HNF1B) gene are associated with the risk of type II diabetes and multiple cancers. Evidence to date indicates that cancer risk may be mediated via genetic or ...
    • Fine-scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (Elsevier, 2014-12-18)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have revealed SNP rs889312 on 5q11.2 to be associated with breast cancer risk in women of European ancestry. In an attempt to identify the biologically relevant variants, we analyzed ...
    • Five endometrial cancer risk loci identified through genome-wide association analysis 

      Cheng, Timothy H. T.; Thompson, Deborah J.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Painter, Jodie N.; Glubb, Dylan M.; Flach, Susanne; Lewis, Annabelle et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-05-02)
      We conducted a meta-analysis of three endometrial cancer genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and two follow-up phases totaling 7,737 endometrial cancer cases and 37,144 controls of European ancestry. Genome-wide imputation ...
    • Functional Mechanisms Underlying Pleiotropic Risk Alleles at the 19p13.1 Breast-Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility Locus 

      Lawrenson, Kate; Kar, Siddhartha; McCue, Karen; Kuchenbaeker, Karoline; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan; Beesley, Jonathan et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      A locus at 19p13 is associated with breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) risk. We analyzed 438 SNPs in this region in 46,451 BC and 15,438 OC cases, 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers and 73,444 controls and identified ...
    • Genetic modifiers of CHEK2*1100delC associated breast cancer risk 

      Muranen, Taru A.; Greco, Dario; Blomqvist, Carl; Aittomäki, Kristiina; Khan, Sofia; Hogervorst, Frans; Verhoef, Senno et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      Purpose CHEK2*1100delC is a founder variant in European populations conferring a 2-3 fold increased risk of breast cancer (BC). Epidemiologic and family studies have suggested that the risk associated with CHEK2*1100delC ...
    • Genetic variation in the immunosuppression pathway genes and breast cancer: a pooled analysis of 42,510 cases and 40,577 controls from the Breast 

      Lei, Jieping; Rudolph, Anja; Moysich, Kirsten B.; Behrens, Sabine; Goode, Ellen L.; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Dennis, Joe et al. (Springer, 2015-11-30)
      Immunosuppression plays a pivotal role in assisting tumors to evade immune destruction and promoting tumor development. We hypothesized that genetic variation in the immunosuppression pathway genes may be implicated in ...