Now showing items 15-34 of 34

    • Familial relative risks for breast cancer by pathological subtype: a population-based cohort study 

      Mavaddat, Nasim; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Blows, Fiona; Driver, Kristy E.; Provenzano, Elena; Thompson, Deborah J.; MacInnis, Robert J. et al. (2010-02-10)
      Abstract Introduction The risk of breast cancer to first degree relatives of breast cancer patients is approximately twice that of the general population. Breast cancer, however, is a heterogeneous disease and it is plausible ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (Cell/Elsevier, 18/12/2014)
      Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) revealed SNP rs889312 on 5q11.2 to be associated with breast cancer risk in women of European ancestry. In an attempt to identify the biologically relevant variants, we analysed 909 ...
    • Fine scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1. 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (2015-12-18)
    • Fine-Mapping of the 1p11.2 Breast Cancer Susceptibility Locus 

      Horne, Hisani N.; Chung, Charles C.; Zhang, Han; Yu, Kai; Prokunina-Olsson, Ludmila; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Bolla, Manjeet K. et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-08-24)
      The Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility genome-wide association study (GWAS) originally identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11249433 at 1p11.2 associated with breast cancer risk. To fine-map this locus, ...
    • Fine-mapping of the HNF1B multicancer locus identifies candidate variants that mediate endometrial cancer risk 

      Painter, Jodie N.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Batra, Jyotsna; Cheng, Timothy; Lose, Felicity A.; Dennis, Joe; Michailidou, Kyriaki et al. (Oxford Journals, 2014-11-06)
      Common variants in the hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 homeobox B (HNF1B) gene are associated with the risk of type II diabetes and multiple cancers. Evidence to date indicates that cancer risk may be mediated via genetic or ...
    • Fine-scale mapping of the 5q11.2 breast cancer locus reveals at least three independent risk variants regulating MAP3K1 

      Glubb, Dylan M.; Maranian, Mel J.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Pooley, Karen A.; Meyer, Kerstin B.; Kar, Siddhartha; Carlebur, Saskia et al. (Elsevier, 2014-12-18)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have revealed SNP rs889312 on 5q11.2 to be associated with breast cancer risk in women of European ancestry. In an attempt to identify the biologically relevant variants, we analyzed ...
    • Five endometrial cancer risk loci identified through genome-wide association analysis 

      Cheng, Timothy H. T.; Thompson, Deborah J.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Painter, Jodie N.; Glubb, Dylan M.; Flach, Susanne; Lewis, Annabelle et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-05-02)
      We conducted a meta-analysis of three endometrial cancer genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and two follow-up phases totaling 7,737 endometrial cancer cases and 37,144 controls of European ancestry. Genome-wide imputation ...
    • Functional Mechanisms Underlying Pleiotropic Risk Alleles at the 19p13.1 Breast-Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility Locus 

      Lawrenson, Kate; Kar, Siddhartha; McCue, Karen; Kuchenbaeker, Karoline; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan; Beesley, Jonathan et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      A locus at 19p13 is associated with breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) risk. We analyzed 438 SNPs in this region in 46,451 BC and 15,438 OC cases, 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers and 73,444 controls and identified ...
    • Genetic modifiers of CHEK2*1100delC associated breast cancer risk 

      Muranen, Taru A.; Greco, Dario; Blomqvist, Carl; Aittomäki, Kristiina; Khan, Sofia; Hogervorst, Frans; Verhoef, Senno et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      Purpose CHEK2*1100delC is a founder variant in European populations conferring a 2-3 fold increased risk of breast cancer (BC). Epidemiologic and family studies have suggested that the risk associated with CHEK2*1100delC ...
    • Genetic risk score Mendelian randomization shows obesity measured as body mass index, but not waist:hip ratio, is causal for endometrial cancer 

      Painter, Jodie N.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Marquart, Louise; Webb, Penelope M.; for the AOCS Group; Attia, John; Medland, Sarah E. et al. (American Association for Cancer Research, 2016-08-22)
      $\textbf{Background:}$ The strongest known risk factor for endometrial cancer (EC) is obesity. To determine whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with increased body mass index (BMI) or waist-hip ratio ...
    • Genetic variation in the immunosuppression pathway genes and breast cancer: a pooled analysis of 42,510 cases and 40,577 controls from the Breast 

      Lei, Jieping; Rudolph, Anja; Moysich, Kirsten B.; Behrens, Sabine; Goode, Ellen L.; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Dennis, Joe et al. (Springer, 2015-11-30)
      Immunosuppression plays a pivotal role in assisting tumors to evade immune destruction and promoting tumor development. We hypothesized that genetic variation in the immunosuppression pathway genes may be implicated in ...
    • Genetically Predicted Body Mass Index and Breast Cancer Risk: Mendelian Randomization Analyses of Data from 145,000 Women of European Descent 

      Guo, Yan; Andersen, Shaneda Warren; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin; Garcia-Closas, Montserrat et al. (Public Library of Science, 2016-08-23)
      $\textbf{Background}$ Observational epidemiological studies have shown that high body mass index (BMI) is associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer in premenopausal women but an increased risk in postmenopausal ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis of more than 120,000 individuals identifies 15 new susceptibility loci for breast cancer. 

      Michailidou, Kyriaki; Beesley, Jonathan; Lindstrom, Sara; Canisius, Sander; Dennis, Joe; Lush, Michael J.; Maranian, Mel J. et al. (NPG, 2015-03-09)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and large-scale replication studies have identified common variants in 79 loci associated with breast cancer, explaining ~14% of the familial risk of the disease. To identify new ...
    • Identification and characterisation of novel associations in the CASP8/ALS2CR12 region on chromosome 2 with breast cancer risk 

      Lin, Wei-Yu; Camp, Nicola J.; Ghoussaini, Maya; Beesley, Jonathan; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Hopper, John L.; Apicella, Carmel et al. (Oxford University Press, 2014-08-28)
      Previous studies have suggested that polymorphisms in CASP8 on chromosome 2 are associated with breast cancer risk. To clarify the role of CASP8 in breast cancer susceptibility we carried out dense genotyping of this region ...
    • Identification of Novel Genetic Markers of Breast Cancer Survival 

      Guo, Qi; Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Kraft, Peter; Canisius, Sander; Chen, Constance; Khan, Sofia; Tyrer, Jonathan et al. (Oxford Journals, 2015-04-18)
      Background: Survival after a diagnosis of breast cancer varies considerably between patients, and some of this variation may be because of germline genetic variation. We aimed to identify genetic markers associated with ...
    • Implications of polygenic risk-stratified screening for prostate cancer on overdiagnosis 

      Pashayan, Nora; Duffy, Stephen W.; Neal, David E.; Hamdy, Freddie C.; Donovan, Jenny L.; Martin, Richard M.; Harrington, Patricia et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-01-08)
      Purpose: This study aimed to quantify the probability of overdiagnosis of prostate cancer by polygenic risk. Methods: We calculated the polygenic risk score based on 66 known prostate cancer susceptibility variants ...
    • An intergenic risk locus containing an enhancer deletion in 2q35 modulates breast cancer risk by deregulating IGFBP5 expression 

      Wyszynski, Asaf; Hong, Chi-Chen; Lam, Kristin; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Lytle, Christian; Yao, Song; Zhang, Yali et al. (Oxford University Press, 2016-07-11)
      Breast cancer is the most diagnosed malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer mortality in females. Previous association studies have identified variants on 2q35 associated with the risk of breast cancer. To identify ...
    • No evidence that protein truncating variants in BRIP1 are associated with breast cancer risk: implications for gene panel testing 

      Easton, Douglas F; Lesueur, Fabienne; Decker, Brennan; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Li, Jun; Allen, Jamie; Luccarini, Craig et al. (BMJ Group, 2016-02-26)
      Background BRCA1 interacting protein C-terminal helicase 1 (BRIP1) is one of the Fanconi Anaemia Complementation (FANC) group family of DNA repair proteins. Biallelic mutations in BRIP1 are responsible for FANC group J, and ...
    • Patient survival and tumor characteristics associated with $\textit{CHEK2}$:p.I157T – findings from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium 

      Muranen, Taru A.; Blomqvist, Carl; Dörk, Thilo; Jakubowska, Anna; Heikkilä, Päivi; Fagerholm, Rainer; Greco, Dario et al. (BioMed Central, 2016-10-03)
      $\textbf{Background}$ P.I157T is a $\textit{CHEK2}$ missense mutation associated with a modest increase in breast cancer risk. Previously, another $\textit{CHEK2}$ mutation, the protein truncating c.1100delC has been ...
    • RAD51B in Familial Breast Cancer 

      Pelttari, Liisa M.; Khan, Sofia; Vuorela, Mikko; Kiiski, Johanna I.; Vilske, Sara; Nevanlinna, Viivi; Ranta, Salla et al. (PLOS, 2016-05-05)
      Common variation on 14q24.1, close to RAD51B, has been associated with breast cancer: rs999737 and rs2588809 with the risk of female breast cancer and rs1314913 with the risk of male breast cancer. The aim of this study ...