Now showing items 2103-2122 of 214147

    • Assessing global dietary habits: a comparison of national estimates from the FAO and the Global Dietary Database 

      Del Gobbo, Liana C.; Khatibzadeh, Shahab; Imamura, Fumiaki; Micha, Renata; Shi, Peilin; Smith, Matthew; Myers, Samuel S. et al. (American Society for Nutrition, 2015-03-18)
      Background: Accurate data on dietary habits are crucial for understanding impacts on disease and informing policy priorities. Nation-specific food balance sheets from the United Nations FAO provided the only available ...
    • Assessing interactions between the associations of common genetic susceptibility variants, reproductive history and body mass index with breast cancer risk in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium: a combined case-control study 

      Milne, Roger L.; Gaudet, Mia M.; Spurdle, Amanda B.; Fasching, Peter A.; Couch, Fergus J.; Benitez, Javier; Arias Perez, Jose Ignacio et al. (2010-12-31)
      Abstract Introduction Several common breast cancer genetic susceptibility variants have recently been identified. We aimed to determine how these variants combine with a subset of other known risk factors to influence ...
    • Assessing Interbank Connectedness Using Transmission Decomposition Techniques: an Application to Eurozone SIFIs 

      Muijsson, C. (Faculty of Economics, 2014-11-28)
      This paper aims to disentangle the impact of multiple transmission channels in interbank connectedness. We use the identification properties of a structural vector autoregression with a multivariate GARCH-in-mean structure ...
    • Assessing Oxidative Stress in Tumors by Measuring the Rate of Hyperpolarized [1-$^{13}$C] Dehydroascorbic Acid Reduction Using $^{13}$C Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 

      Timm, KN; Hu, D-E; Williams, M; Wright, AJ; Kettunen, MI; Kennedy, BWC; Larkin, TJ et al. (American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2017-02-03)
      Rapid cancer cell proliferation promotes the production of reducing equivalents, which counteract the effects of relatively high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS levels increase in response to chemotherapy and ...
    • Assessing subgroup effects with binary data: can the use of different effect measures lead to different conclusions? 

      White, Ian R; Elbourne, Diana (2005-04-29)
      Abstract Background In order to use the results of a randomised trial, it is necessary to understand whether the overall observed benefit or harm applies to all individuals, or whether some subgroups receive more benefit ...
    • Assessing Symbiodinium diversity in scleractinian corals via next-generation sequencing-based genotyping of the ITS2 rDNA region 

      Arif, Chatchanit; Daniels, Camille; Bayer, Till; Banguera-Hinestroza, Eulalia; Barbrook, Adrian; Howe, Christopher J.; LaJeunesse, Todd C. et al. (Wiley, 2014-08-18)
      The persistence of coral reef ecosystems relies on the symbiotic relationship between scleractinian corals and intracellular, photosynthetic dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium. Genetic evidence indicates that these ...
    • Assessing the activity of faults in continental interiors: Palaeoseismic insights from SE Kazakhstan 

      Grützner, C; Carson, E; Walker, RT; Rhodes, EJ; Mukambayev, A; Mackenzie, D; Elliott, JR et al. (Elsevier, 2017-02-01)
      The presence of fault scarps is a first-order criterion for identifying active faults. Yet the preservation of these features depends on the recurrence interval between surface rupturing events, combined with the rates of ...
    • Assessing the Cognitive Translational Potential of a Mouse Model of the 22q11.2 Microdeletion Syndrome 

      Nilsson, Simon R. O.; Fejgin, Kim; Gastambide, Francois; Vogt, Miriam A.; Kent, Brianne A.; Nielsen, Vibeke; Nielsen, Jacob et al. (Oxford University Press, 2016-08-09)
      A chromosomal microdeletion at the 22q11.2 locus is associated with extensive cognitive impairments, schizophrenia and other psychopathology in humans. Previous reports indicate that mouse models of the 22q11.2 microdeletion ...
    • Assessing the discrepancies between recorded and commonly assumed journey times in London 

      Hillel, T; Guthrie, P; Elshafie, MZE; Jin, Y (ICE Publishing, 2016-06-29)
      Transport models for infrastructure investment and operations planning make use of generalised trip cost to predict travel choice decisions. In cities, the most important factors in the generalised cost is trip duration. ...
    • Assessing the effect of reducing agents on the selective catalytic reduction of NOx over Ag/Al2O3 catalysts 

      D'Agostino, Carmine; Chansai, Sarayute; Bush, Isabelle; Gao, Chensong; Mantle, Mick D.; Hardacre, Christopher; James, Stuart L. et al. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015-10-30)
      The selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx in the presence of different reducing agents over Ag/Al2O3 prepared by wet impregnation was investigated by probing catalyst activity and using NMR relaxation time analysis ...
    • Assessing the efficient cost of sustaining Britain's rail network: perspectives based on Zonal comparisons 

      Kennedy, John; Smith, Andrew S. J. (Faculty of Economics, 2004-06-16)
      The objective of this paper is to inform the debate on how efficiency targets for Network Rail (formerly Railtrack) should be set during the 2002/03 Interim Review and beyond. Given the problems experienced during the ...
    • Assessing the environmental sustainability of biofuels 

      Kazamia, Elena; Smith, Alison G. (Cell Press (Elsevier), 2014-09-30)
      Biofuels vary in their potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions when displacing fossil fuels. Savings depend primarily on the crop used for biofuel production, and on the effect that expanding its cultivation has on ...
    • Assessing the genetic architecture of epithelial ovarian cancer histological subtypes 

      Cuellar-Partida, Gabriel; Lu, Yi; Dixon, Suzanne C.; Australian Ovarian Cancer Study; Fasching, Peter A.; Hein, Alexander; Burghaus, Stefanie et al. (Springer, 2016-04-13)
      Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is one of the deadliest common cancers. The five most common types of disease are high-grade and low-grade serous, endometrioid, mucinous and clear cell carcinoma. Each of these subtypes ...
    • Assessing the impact of road traffic on cycling for leisure and cycling to work 

      Foster, Charles E.; Panter, Jenna R.; Wareham, Nicholas J. (2011-06-10)
      Abstract Background To explore the relationship between leisure and commuter cycling with objectively measured levels of road traffic and whether any relationship was affected by traffic levels directly outside of home or ...
    • Assessing the impacts of the first year of rotavirus vaccination in the United Kingdom 

      Marlow, R.; Muir, P.; Vipond, B.; Lyttle, M.; Trotter, C.; Finn, A. (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), 2015-12-03)
      The United Kingdom (UK) added rotavirus (RV) vaccine (Rotarix GlaxoSmithKline) to the national vaccine schedule in July 2013. During the 2012–2014 rotavirus seasons, children presenting to the Bristol Royal Hospital for ...
    • Assessing the role of contact tracing in a suspected H7N2 influenza A outbreak in humans in Wales 

      Eames, Ken T. D.; Webb, Cerian; Thomas, Kathrin; Smith, Josie; Salmon, Roland; Temple, J. Mark F. (2010-05-28)
      Abstract Background The detailed analysis of an outbreak database has been undertaken to examine the role of contact tracing in controlling an outbreak of possible avian influenza in humans. The outbreak, initiating from ...
    • Assessing the role of insulin-like growth factors and binding proteins in prostate cancer using Mendelian randomization: genetic variants as instruments for circulating levels 

      Bonilla, Carolina; Lewis, Sarah J.; Rowlands, Mari-Anne; Gaunt, Tom R.; Smith, George Davey; Gunnell, David; Palmer, Tom et al. (Wiley, 2016)
      Circulating insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) are associated with prostate cancer. Using genetic variants as instruments for IGF peptides, we investigated whether these associations are ...
    • Assessing the trend in sustainable remediation: A questionnaire survey of remediation professionals in various countries 

      Hou, D; Guthrie, P; Rigby, M (Elsevier, 2016-12-15)
      Over the past decade, sustainable remediation has grown from an emerging concept into a widely accepted new institutional norm. Scholar literature increased exponentially from nearly none in late 1990s to over 400 publications ...
    • Assessing the use of NMR chemical shifts for prediction of VLE in non-ideal binary liquid mixtures 

      Zhu, Q.; Moggridge, G. D.; Dalton, T.; Cooper, T.; Mantle, M. D.; Gladden, L. F.; D’Agostino, C. (Elsevier, 2014-08-23)
      A method of estimating vapour liquid equilibrium (VLE) using NMR chemical shift data has been proposed by Xu et al. (2012). This method is based on the concept that the average local composition around each species is ...
    • Assessment for Learning in International Contexts: approaches and challenges in researching teacher values and practices 

      Warwick, Paul; Shaw, Stuart; Johnson, Martin (Taylor & Francis, 2014-11-06)
      The Assessment for Learning in International Contexts (ALIC) project sought to extend knowledge around teachers’ understandings of Assessment for Learning (AfL). Using a modified version of a survey item devised by James ...