Now showing items 2103-2122 of 212602

    • Association of the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) with hospital outcomes 

      Wallis, S. J.; Wall, J.; Biram, R. W. S.; Romero-Ortuno, R. (OUP, 2015-03-16)
      Background: the clinical frailty scale (CFS) was validated as a predictor of adverse outcomes in community-dwelling older people. In our hospital, the use of the CFS in emergency admissions of people aged ≥ 75 years was ...
    • Association with pathogenic bacteria affects life-history traits and population growth in Caenorhabditis elegans. 

      Diaz, S. Anaid; Mooring, Eric Q.; Rens, Elisabeth G.; Restif, Olivier (Wiley, 2015-03-23)
      Determining the relationship between individual life-history traits and population dynamics is an essential step to understand and predict natural selection. Model organisms that can be conveniently studied experimentally ...
    • Associations between access to recreational physical activity facilities and body mass index in Scottish adults 

      Ellaway, Anne; Lamb, Karen E; Ferguson, Neil S; Ogilvie, David (2016-08-09)
      Abstract Background The aim of this country-wide study was to link individual health and behavioural data with area-level spatial data to examine whether the body mass index ...
    • Associations between BMI and home, school and route environmental exposures estimated using GPS and GIS: do we see evidence of selective daily mobility bias in children? 

      Burgoine, Thomas; Jones, Andy P.; Brouwer, Rebecca J. Namenek; Neelon, Sara E. Benjamin (BioMed Central, 2015-02-06)
      Background This study examined whether objective measures of food, physical activity and built environment exposures, in home and non-home settings, contribute to children’s body weight. Further, comparing GPS and GIS ...
    • Associations between body mass index-related genetic variants and adult body composition: The Fenland cohort study 

      Clifton, EAD; Day, FR; de Lucia Rolfe, E; Forouhi, NG; Brage, S; Griffin, SJ; Wareham, NJ et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-02-14)
      Background/Objective: Body mass index (BMI) is a surrogate measure of adiposity but does not distinguish fat from lean or bone mass. The genetic determinants of BMI are thought to predominantly influence adiposity but this ...
    • Associations Between Fetal Imprinted Genes and Maternal Blood Pressure in Pregnancy 

      Petry, CJ; Sanz Marcos, N; Pimentel, G; Hayes, MG; Nodzenski, M; Scholtens, DM; Hughes, IA et al. (American Heart Association, 2016-12-01)
      In addition to maternal genes and environmental exposures, variation in fetal imprinted genes could also affect maternal blood pressure during pregnancy. Our objective was to test the associations between polymorphic ...
    • Associations between flavan-3-ol intake and CVD risk in the Norfolk cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC-Norfolk) 

      Vogiatzoglou, Anna; Mulligan, Angela A.; Bhaniani, Amit; Lentjes, Marleen A.H.; McTaggart, Alison; Luben, Robert N.; Heiss, Christian et al. (Elsevier, 2015-03-17)
      Dietary intervention studies suggest that flavan-3-ol intake can improve vascular function and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). However, results from prospective studies failed to show a consistent beneficial ...
    • Associations between potentially modifiable risk factors and Alzheimer's disease: A Mendelian random 

      Østergaard, Søren D.; Mukherjee, Shubhabrata; Sharp, Stephen J.; Proitsi, Petroula; Lotta, Luca A.; Day, Felix; Perry, John R. B. et al. (PLOS, 2015-06-09)
      Background: Potentially modifiable risk factors including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and smoking are associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and represent promising targets for intervention. However, the causality ...
    • Associations in Cambridge 

      Macfarlane, Alan (2013-08-07)
    • Associations of common breast cancer susceptibility alleles with risk of breast cancer subtypes in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers 

      Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Neuhausen, Susan L.; Robson, Mark; Barrowdale, Daniel; McGuffog, Lesley; Mulligan, Anna Marie; Andrulis, Irene L. et al. (BioMed Central, 2014-12-31)
      Introduction: More than 70 common alleles are known to be involved in breast cancer (BC) susceptibility and several exhibit significant heterogeneity in their associations with different BC subtypes. Although there are ...
    • Associations of gender inequality with child malnutrition and mortality across 96 countries 

      Marphatia, Akanksha A.; Cole, Tim J.; Grijalva-Eternod, Carlos; Wells, Jonathan C. K. (Cambridge University Press, 2016-03-23)
      National efforts to reduce low birth weight (LBW) and child malnutrition and mortality prioritise economic growth. However, this may be ineffective, while rising gross domestic product (GDP) also imposes health costs, such ...
    • Associations of health, physical activity and weight status with motorised travel and transport carbon dioxide emissions: a cross-sectional, observational study 

      Goodman, Anna; Brand, Christian; Ogilvie, David; iConnect consortium (2012-08-03)
      Abstract Background Motorised travel and associated carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generate substantial health costs; in the case of motorised travel, this may include contributing to rising obesity levels. Obesity has in ...
    • Associations of Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Time With Arterial Stiffness in Pre-pubertal Children. 

      Haapala, Eero A; Väistö, Juuso; Veijalainen, Aapo; Lintu, Niina; Wiklund, Petri; Westgate, Kate; Ekelund, Ulf et al. (Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc., 2017-01-25)
      $\textbf{Purpose:}$ To investigate the relationships of objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) to arterial stiffness in pre-pubertal children. $\textbf{Method:}$ Altogether 136 children (57 ...
    • The Associations of ‘Fatness’, ‘Fitness’ and Physical Activity With All Cause Mortality in Older Adults: A Systematic Review Of Observational Studies. 

      Yerrakalva, Dharani; Mullis, Ricky; Mant, Jonathan (Wiley, 2015-09-04)
      Objectives: This review explored whether cardiorespiratory fitness or physical activity act as either confounders or effect modifiers of the relationship between adiposity markers and all-cause mortality in older ...
    • Associations with intraocular pressure across Europe: The European Eye Epidemiology (E$^3$) Consortium 

      Khawaja, Anthony P.; Springelkamp, Henriët; Creuzot-Garcher, Catherine; Delcourt, Cécile; Hofman, Albert; Höhn, René; Iglesias, Adriana I. et al. (Springer, 2016-09-09)
      Raised intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most important risk factor for developing glaucoma, the second commonest cause of blindness globally. Understanding associations with IOP and variations in IOP between countries may ...
    • The Astra Factory, Gernika 

      McDonagh, Fiachra (Gernika Gogoratuz, 2009-11)
    • Astrocyte activation via Stat3 signalling determines the balance of oligodendrocyte versus Schwann cell remyelination 

      Castro, Glaucia Monteiro de; Deja, Natalia A.; Ma, Dan; Zhao, Chao; Franklin, Robin J. M. (Elsevier, 2015-07-17)
      Remyelination within the Central Nervous System (CNS) is most often the result of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) differentiating into myelin-forming oligodendrocytes. In some cases, however, Schwann cells, the ...
    • Astrocyte response to motor neuron injury promotes structural synaptic plasticity via STAT3-­regulated TSP-­1 expression 

      Tyzack, Giulia E.; Sitnikov, Sergey; Barson, Daniel; Adams-Carr, Kerala L.; Lau, Nike K.; Kwok, Jessica C.; Zhao, Chao et al. (Macmillan Publishers Limited, 2014-07-11)
      The role of remote astrocyte (AC) reaction to central or peripheral axonal insult is not clearly understood. Here we use a transgenic approach to compare the direct influence of normal with diminished AC reactivity on ...
    • Astrocytic glutamate transport regulates a Drosophila CNS synapse that lacks astrocyte ensheathment 

      MacNamee, Sarah E.; Liu, Kendra E.; Gerhard, Stephan; Tran, Cathy T.; Fetter, Richard D.; Cardona, Albert; Tolbert, Leslie P. et al. (Wiley, 2016-04-12)
      Anatomical, molecular, and physiological interactions between astrocytes and neuronal synapses regulate information processing in the brain. The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has become a valuable experimental system ...
    • The Astronomer's House 

      Cornford, Christopher Francis (Institute of Astronomy Library, 1957)