Now showing items 2103-2122 of 213204

    • The association between fatalistic beliefs and late stage at diagnosis of lung and colorectal cancer 

      Lyratzopoulos, Georgios; Liu, Michael Pang-Hsiang; Abel, Gary A.; Wardle, Jane; Keating, Nancy L. (American Association for Cancer Research, 2015-02-03)
      Background: Fatalistic beliefs may be implicated in longer help-seeking intervals, and consequently, greater risk of advanced stage at cancer diagnosis. Methods: We examined associations between fatalism and stage at ...
    • Association between femur size and a focal defect of the superior femoral neck 

      Gee, A. H.; Treece, G. M.; Tonkin, C. J.; Black, D. M.; Poole, K. E. S. (Elsevier, 2015)
      Within each sex, there is an association between hip fracture risk and the size of the proximal femur, with larger femurs apparently more susceptible to fracture. Here, we investigate whether the thickness and density of ...
    • The association between frailty and vascular dementia 

      Chan, Daniel K. Y.; Srinivasan, Vivek; Upton, Ciaran; Chen, Xueli; Romero-Ortuno, Roman (Chinese Geriatrics Society, 2015-12-14)
      Frailty is a clinically recognized syndrome that results from an age-associated decline in reserve and function across multiple physiological systems.1 There are two commonly used clinical definitions. The Rookwood definition ...
    • An association between ICP-derived data and outcome in TBI patients: The role of sample size 

      Cabella, Brenno; Donnelly, Joseph; Cardim, Danilo; Liu, Xiuyun; Cabeleira, Manuel; Smielewski, Peter; Haubrich, Christina et al. (Springer, 2016)
      ${\bf Background:}$ Many demographic and physiological variables have been associated with outcome after TBI. However, with small sample sizes, making spurious inferences is possible. This paper explores the effect of ...
    • Association Between Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol-Lowering Genetic Variants and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Meta-analysis 

      Lotta, LA; Sharp, SJ; Burgess, S; Perry, JRB; Stewart, ID; Willems, SM; Luan, J et al. (American Medical Association, 2016-10-04)
      IMPORTANCE: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering alleles in or near $\textit{NPC1L1}$ or $\textit{HMGCR}$, encoding the respective molecular targets of ezetimibe and statins, have previously been used as ...
    • Association between MAPT haplotype and memory function in patients with Parkinson’s disease and healthy aging individuals 

      Winder-Rhodes, Sophie E.; Hampshire, Adam; Rowe, James B.; Peelle, Jonathan E.; Robbins, Trevor W.; Owen, Adrian M.; Barker, Roger A. (Elsevier, 2014-12-11)
      Genetic variation is associated with differences in the function of the brain as well as its susceptibility to disease. The common H1 haplotypic variant of the microtubule-associated protein tau gene (MAPT) has been related ...
    • Association between neuroserpin and molecular markers of brain damage in patients with acute ischemic stroke. 

      Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Raquel; Sobrino, Tomas; Rodriguez-Yanez, Manuel; Millan, Monica; Brea, David; Miranda, Elena; Moldes, Octavio et al. (2011-05-11)
      Abstract Background Neuroserpin has shown neuroprotective effects in animal models of cerebral ischemia and has been associated with functional outcome after ischemic stroke. Our aim was to study whether neuroserpin serum ...
    • Association between oxygen vacancies and trivalent dopants in crystalline and amorphous ZnO 

      Muñoz Ramo, D.; Chroneos, A.; Rushton, M. J. D.; Bristowe, P. D. (Elsevier, 2014-03-31)
      Density functional theory calculations are used to investigate the structure and binding energies of clusters formed between oxygen vacancies and trivalent dopant atoms (indium, gallium and aluminium) substituted into zinc ...
    • Association between sucrose intake and risk of overweight and obesity in a prospective sub-cohort of EPIC-Norfolk 

      Kuhnle, Gunter G. C.; Tasevska, Natasha; Lentjes, Marleen A. H.; Griffin, Julian L.; Sims, Matthew A.; Richardson, Larissa; Aspinall, Sue M. et al. (CUP, 2015-02-23)
      Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate associations between sugar intake and overweight using dietary biomarkers in the Norfolk cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and ...
    • Association of Birth Weight and the Development of Antipsychotic Induced Adi-posity in Individuals with Treatment Resistant Schizophrenia 

      Ziauddeen, Hisham; Garcia-Rizo, Clemente; Bernardo, Miquel; Kirkpatrick, Brian; Jones, Peter B.; Ozanne, Susan E.; Fernández-Egea, Emilio (Elsevier, 2016-03-26)
      Though weight gain is a common side effect of antipsychotic treatment, there are no useful predictors of which patients are likely to be affected and to what degree. It has been shown that exposure to adverse conditions ...
    • Association of breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers with genetic variants showing differential allelic expression: identification of a modifier of breast cancer risk at locus 11q22.3 

      Hamdi, Y; Soucy, P; Kuchenbaeker, KB; Pastinen, T; Droit, A; Lemaçon, A; Adlard, J et al. (Springer, 2017-01-01)
      $\textit{Purpose}$ $\textit{Cis}$-acting regulatory SNPs resulting in differential allelic expression (DAE) may, in part, explain the underlying phenotypic variation associated with many complex diseases. To investigate ...
    • Association of breast cancer risk with genetic variants showing differential allelic expression: Identification of a novel breast cancer susceptibility locus at 4q21 

      Hamdi, Y; Soucy, P; Adoue, V; Michailidou, K; Canisius, S; Lemaçon, A; Droit, A et al. (Impact Journals, 2016-10-21)
      There are significant inter-individual differences in the levels of gene expression. Through modulation of gene expression, $\textit{cis}$-acting variants represent an important source of phenotypic variation. Consequently, ...
    • Association of British Neurologists: revised (2015) guidelines for prescribing disease-modifying treatments in multiple sclerosis. 

      Scolding, N; Barnes, D; Cader, S; Chataway, J; Chaudhuri, A; Coles, A; Giovannoni, G et al. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015-08-01)
    • An Association of Cancer Physicians’ strategy for improving services and outcomes for cancer patients 

      Baird, Richard; Banks, Ian; Cameron, David; Chester, John; Earl, Helena; Flannagan, Mark; Januszewski, Adam et al. (Cancer Intelligence, 2016-01-05)
      The Association of Cancer Physicians in the United Kingdom has developed a strategy to improve outcomes for cancer patients and identified the goals and commitments of the Association and its members.
    • The association of coffee intake with liver cancer risk is mediated by biomarkers of inflammation and hepatocellular injury: data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition 

      Aleksandrova, Krasimira; Bamia, Christina; Drogan, Dagmar; Lagiou, Pagona; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Jenab, Mazda; Fedirko, Veronika et al. (American Society for Nutrition, 2015-11-11)
      BACKGROUND: Higher coffee intake has been purportedly related to a lower risk of liver cancer. However, it remains unclear whether this association may be accounted for by specific biological mechanisms. ...
    • The Association of Cognition with Functional Trajectories in Patients Admitted to Geriatric Wards: a Retrospective Observational Study 

      Hartley, Peter; Alexander, Kerry; Adamson, Jennifer; Cunningham, Carol; Georgina, Embleton; Romero-Ortuno, Roman (Wiley, 2016)
      Aim: impaired cognition is common among older patients admitted to acute hospitals, but its association with functional trajectories has not been well studied. Methods: retrospective observational study in an English ...
    • Association of common variation in the PPARAgene with incident myocardial infarction in individuals with type 2 diabetes: A Go-DARTS study 

      Doney, Alex S. F.; Fischer, Bettina; Lee, Simon; Morris, Andrew D.; Leese, Graham P.; Palmer, Colin N. A. (2005-11-25)
      Background Common variants of the PPARA gene have been found to associate with ischaemic heart disease in non diabetic men. The L162V variant was found to be protective while the C2528G variant increased risk. L162V has ...
    • Association of comorbidity and health service usage among patients with dementia in the UK: a population-based study 

      Browne, J; Edwards, DA; Rhodes, KM; Brimicombe, DJ; Payne, RA (BMJ Publishing Group, 2017-03-01)
      $\textbf{BACKGROUND}$: The majority of people with dementia have other long-term diseases, the presence of which may affect the progression and management of dementia. This study aimed to identify subgroups with higher ...
    • Association of Descriptors of Breathlessness With Diagnosis and Self-Reported Severity of Breathlessness in Patients With Advanced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or Cancer 

      Chowienczyk, Sarah; Javadzadeh, Shagayegh; Booth, Sara; Farquhar, Morag (Elsevier, 2016-05-24)
      $\textbf{Context}$ Verbal descriptors are important in understanding patients' experience of breathlessness. $\textbf{Objectives}$ The aim of this study was to examine the association between selection of ...
    • Association of Dietary, Circulating, and Supplement Fatty Acids With Coronary Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis 

      Chowdhury, Rajiv; Warnakula, Samantha; Kunutsor, Setor; Crowe, Francesca; Ward, Heather A.; Johnson, Laura; Franco, Oscar H. et al. (American College of Physicians, 2014-03-18)
      Background: Guidelines advocate changes in fatty acid consumption to promote cardiovascular health. Purpose: To summarize evidence about associations between fatty acids and coronary disease. Data Sources: MEDLINE, ...