Now showing items 2241-2260 of 205084

    • Brazilian economic performance since the emergence of the great recession: the effects of income distribution on consumption 

      Arestis, Philip; Baltar, Carolina Troncoso; Prates, Daniela Magalhães (The Association of Economists of Vojvodina, 2016)
      After a long period of unstable and low economic activity, Brazil achieved a relatively high economic growth with low inflation from 2004 to 2008, when the world scenario was favourable for the Brazilian trade balance due ...
    • BRCA1and BRCA2mutation predictions using the BOADICEA and BRCAPRO models and penetrance estimation in high-risk French-Canadian families 

      Antoniou, Antonis C.; Francine, Durocher; Smith, Paula; Simard, Jacques; Easton, Douglas F. (2005-12-12)
      Abstract Introduction Several genetic risk models for breast and ovarian cancer have been developed, but their applicability to specific populations has not been evaluated. We used data from French-Canadian families to ...
    • BRCA2 Variants and cardiovascular disease in a multi-ethnic study 

      Zbuk, Kevin; Xie, Changchun; Young, Robin; Heydarpour, Mahyar; Pare, Guillaume; Davis, A. D.; Miller, Ruby et al. (2012-07-18)
      AbstractBackgroundGermline mutations of BRCA1/2 are associated with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. Recent data suggests excess mortality in mutation carriers beyond that conferred by neoplasia, and recent in vivo ...
    • Bread fruit trees 

      Conrad Martens; Cambridge University Library (2007-06-14)
      A fenced enclosure not far behind the shore, with vegetation and farm animals.
    • A break in the pipeline 

      Hebbert, Henry Eric, 1893-1980, Colonel (Royal Commonwealth Society Library. Cambridge University Library. University of Cambridge., 2004-11-05)
    • Break-up of the Larsen B Ice Shelf Triggered by Chain-Reaction Drainage of Supraglacial Lakes 

      Banwell, Alison F.; MacAyeal, Douglas R.; Sergienko, Olga V. (Wiley on behalf of the American Geophysical Union, 2014-12-12)
      The explosive disintegration of the Larsen B Ice Shelf poses two unresolved questions: What process (1) set a horizontal fracture spacing sufficiently small to pre-dispose the subsequent ice-shelf fragments to capsize, ...
    • Breakdown of shape memory effect in bent Cu-Al-Ni nano-pillars: when twin boundaries become stacking faults 

      Liu, L. F.; Ding, X.; Sun, J.; Salje, E. K. H. (Wiley, 2015)
      Bent Cu-Al-Ni nano-pillars (diameters 90 nm - 750 nm) show the shape memory effect, SME, for diameters d > 300 nm. The SME and the associated twinning are due to a small deformed section of the nano-pillar. Thick nano-pillars ...
    • Breaking axi-symmetry in stenotic flows lowers the critical transition Reynolds number 

      Samuelsson, J.; Tammisola, O.; Juniper, M. (AIP, 2015-10-27)
      Flow through a sinuous stenosis with varying degrees of non-axisymmetric shape variations and at Reynolds number ranging from 250 to 750 is investigated using direct numerical simulation (DNS) and global linear stability ...
    • Breaking the grant cycle: on the rational allocation of public resources to scientific research projects 

      Avin, Shahar (2015-04-07)
      The thesis presents a reformative criticism of science funding by peer review. The criticism is based on epistemological scepticism, regarding the ability of scientific peers, or any other agent, to have access to sufficient ...
    • Breaking the waves: improved detection of copy number variation from microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization 

      Marioni, John C.; Thorne, Natalie P.; Valsesia, Armand; Fitzgerald, Tomas; Redon, Richard; Fiegler, Heike; Andrews, T. Daniel et al. (2007-10-25)
      Abstract Background Large-scale high throughput studies using microarray technology have established that copy number variation (CNV) throughout the genome is more frequent than previously thought. Such variation is known ...
    • Breakup of Liquid Filaments 

      Castrejon-Pita, Alfonso A.; Castrejon-Pita, J. R.; Hutchings, I. M. (Phys. Rev. Lett, 2012)
    • Breast and other cancer dormancy as a therapeutic endpoint: speculative recombinant T cell receptor ligand (RTL) adjuvant therapy worth considering? 

      Bakacs, Tibor; Mehrishi, Jitendra N (2010-06-02)
      Abstract Background Most individuals who died of trauma were found to harbour microscopic primary cancers at autopsies. Surgical excision of the primary tumour, unfortunately, seems to disturb tumour dormancy in over half ...
    • Breast cancer risk in relation to urinary and serum biomarkers of phytoestrogen exposure in the EPIC-Norfolk study 

      Ward, Heather A.; Chapelais, Gaelle; Kuhnle, Gunter G. C.; Luben, Robert; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Bingham, Sheila (2008-04-17)
      Abstract Introduction Phytoestrogens are a group of compounds found in plants that structurally resemble the hormone oestradiol, and thus have the potential to act as oestrogen agonists or antagonists. Their potential ...
    • Breast cancer risk prediction using a polygenic risk score in the familial setting: a prospective study from the Breast Cancer Family Registry and kConFab 

      Li, Hongyan; Feng, Bingjian; Miron, Alexander; Chen, Xiaoqing; Beesley, Jonathan; Bimeh, Emmanuella; Barrowdale, Daniel et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-05-12)
      Purpose: This study examined the utility of sets of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in familial but non-BRCA-associated breast cancer (BC). Methods: We derived a polygenic risk score (PRS) based on 24 known ...
    • Breast cancer risk variants at 6q25 display different phenotype associations and regulate ESR1, RMND1 and CCDC170 

      Dunning, Alison M.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Thompson, Deborah; French, Juliet D.; Beesley, Jonathan; Healey, Catherine S. et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      We analysed 3872 common genetic variants across the ESR1 locus (encoding estrogen receptor–alpha) in 118,816 subjects from three international consortia. We found evidence for at least five independent causal variants, ...
    • Breast milk nutrient content and infancy growth 

      Prentice, Philippa; Ong, Ken K.; Schoemaker, Marieke H.; van Tol, Eric A. F.; Vervoort, Jacques; Hughes, Ieuan A.; Acerini, Carlo L. et al. (Wiley, 2016-02-10)
      Aim Benefits of human breast milk (HM) in avoiding rapid infancy weight-gain and later obesity could relate to its nutrient content. We tested the hypothesis that differential HM total calorie content (TCC) or macronutrient ...
    • Breast MRI: EUSOBI recommendations for women’s information 

      Mann, Ritse M.; Balleyguier, Corinne; Baltzer, Pascal A.; Bick, Ulrich; Colin, Catherine; Cornford, Eleanor; Evans, Andrew et al. (Springer, 2015-05-23)
      This paper summarizes information about breast MRI to be provided to women and referring physicians. After listing contraindications, procedure details are described, stressing the need for correct scheduling and not moving ...
    • Breathlessness and inflammation: potential relationships and implications 

      Ryan, Richella; Spathis, Anna; Clow, Angela; Booth, Sara (Wolters Kluwer, 2016)
      ${\bf Purpose~of~Review:}$ Breathlessness and chronic inflammation both span a wide range of disease contexts and hold prognostic significance. The possibility of a causal relationship between the two has been hypothesised. ...