Now showing items 2978-2997 of 205023

    • Causal pathways linking environmental change with health behaviour change: Natural experimental study of new transport infrastructure and cycling to work 

      Prins, R. G.; Panter, J.; Heinen, E.; Griffin, S. J.; Ogilvie, D. B. (Elsevier, 2016-03-02)
      Background: Mechanisms linking changes to the environment with changes in physical activity are poorly understood. Insights into mechanisms of interventions can help strengthen causal attribution and improve understanding ...
    • Causal Qualities 

      Ramsey, Frank Plumpton (Kegan Paul, Trench & Trubner, 1931)
      This note is, in effect, a postscript to Ramsey's 'Theories'. It argues that to assert the existence of a causal quality (e.g. mass) is merely to affirm the consequences of a theory that invokes it.
    • Causality Along Subspaces: Theory 

      Al-Sadoon, M. M. (Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, UK, 2009-04)
    • The Causes and Consequences of Changes in Virulence following Pathogen Host Shifts 

      Longdon, Ben; Hadfield, Jarrod D.; Day, Jonathan P.; Smith, Sophia C. L.; McGonigle, John E.; Cogni, Rodrigo; Cao, Chuan et al. (PLOS, 2015-03-16)
      Emerging infectious diseases are often the result of a host shift, where the pathogen originates from a different host species. Virulence—the harm a pathogen does to its host—can be extremely high following a host shift ...
    • Causes and consequences of multi-locus imprinting disturbances in humans 

      Sanchez-Delgado, Marta; Riccio, Andrea; Eggermann, Thomas; Maher, Eamonn R.; Lapunzina, Pablo; Mackay, Deborah; Monk, David (Cell Press (Elsevier), 2016-05-24)
      Eight syndromes are associated with loss of methylation at specific imprinted loci. There has been increasing evidence that these methylation defects are not isolated events occurring at a given disease-associated locus ...
    • Causes of death and associated conditions (Codac) - a utilitarian approach to the classification of perinatal deaths 

      Froen, J. Frederik; Pinar, Halit; Flenady, Vicki; Bahrin, Safiah; Charles, Adrian; Chauke, Lawrence; Day, Katie et al. (2009-06-10)
      Abstract A carefully classified dataset of perinatal mortality will retain the most significant information on the causes of death. Such information is needed for health care policy development, surveillance and international ...
    • Cavity Enhancement of Single Quantum Dot Emission in the Blue 

      Unknown author (2009-12-27)
      Abstract Cavity-enhanced single-photon emission in the blue spectral region was measured from single InGaN/GaN quantum dots. The low-Q microcavities used were characterized using micro-reflectance spectroscopy where the ...
    • Cavity mediated coherent coupling of magnetic moments 

      Lambert, N. J.; Haigh, J. A.; Langenfeld, S.; Doherty, A. C.; Ferguson, A. J. (American Physical Society, 2016-02-16)
      We demonstrate the long range strong coupling of magnetostatic modes in spatially separated ferromagnets mediated by a microwave frequency cavity. Two spheres of yttrium iron garnet are embedded in the cavity and their ...
    • Cavity-enhanced coherent light scattering from a quantum dot 

      Bennett, Anthony J.; Lee, James P.; Ellis, David J. P.; Meany, Thomas; Murray, Eoin; Floether, Frederik F.; Griffths, Jonathan P. et al. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2016-04-22)
      The generation of coherent and indistinguishable single photons is a critical step for photonic quantum technologies in information processing and metrology. A promising system is the resonant optical excitation of solid-state ...
    • CBR Leximetric Datasets 

      Armour, John; Deakin, Simon; Siems, Mathias
    • CCC football match on 19th Nov 2005 

      Chinese society in Cambridge; Xiaoxiao, Yan (2005-11-26)
      The 1:13 hours film is a football match between a team in a Chinese society in Cambridge named CCC and MBA team. Taken at noon of 19th Nov 2005, at Ley School Pitch. A football match or a football training is a weekly ...
    • CCCTC-Binding Factor Recruitment to the Early Region of the Human Papillomavirus Type 18 Genome Regulates Viral Oncogene Expression 

      Paris, Christian; Pentland, Ieisha; Groves, Ian; Roberts, David C.; Powis, Simon J.; Coleman, Nicholas; Roberts, Sally et al. (American Society for Microbiology, 2015-02-18)
      Host cell differentiation-dependent regulation of human papillomavirus (HPV) gene expression is required for productive infection. The host cell CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) functions in genome-wide chromatin organization ...
    • CCDC88A mutations cause PEHO-like syndrome in man and mouse 

      Nahorski, Michael S.; Asai, Masato; Wakeling, Emma; Parker, Alasdair; Asai, Naoya; Canham, Natalie; Holder, Susan E. et al. (Oxford University Press, 2016)
      PEHO syndrome is a rare Mendelian phenotype comprising severe retardation, early onset epileptic seizures, optic nerve/cerebellar atrophy, pedal oedema, and early death. Atypical cases are often known as PEHO-like, and ...
    • The CCR5 chemokine receptor mediates vasoconstriction and stimulates intimal hyperplasia in human vessels in vitro 

      Maguire, Janet J.; Jones, Katie L.; Kuc, Rhoda E.; Clarke, Murray C. H.; Bennett, Martin R.; Davenport, Anthony P. (OUP, 2013-12-09)
      Aims The chemokine receptor CCR5 and its inflammatory ligands have been linked to atherosclerosis, an accelerated form of which occurs in saphenous vein graft disease. We investigated the function of vascular smooth muscle ...
    • CD133: a Potential Indicator for Differentiation and Prognosis of Human Cholangiocarcinoma 

      Fan, Linni; He, Furong; Liu, Hongxiang; Zhu, Jin; Liu, Yixiong; Yin, Zhiyong; Wang, Lu et al. (2011-07-29)
      Abstract Background CD133 is known to be a cancer stem cell (CSC) marker. However, recent studies have revealed that CD133 is not restricted to CSC but to be expressed not only in human normal tissues but also in some ...
    • CD146 expression is associated with a poor prognosis in human breast tumors and with enhanced motility in breast cancer cell lines 

      Zabouo, Gwladys; Imbert, Anne-Marie; Jacquemier, Jocelyne; Finetti, Pascal; Moreau, Thomas; Esterni, Benjamin; Birnbaum, Daniel et al. (2009-01-05)
      Abstract Introduction Metastasis is a complex process involving loss of adhesion, migration, invasion and proliferation of cancer cells. Cell adhesion molecules play a pivotal role in this phenomenon by regulating ...
    • CD28 expression is required after T cell priming for helper T cell responses and protective immunity to infection 

      Linterman, Michelle A.; Denton, Alice E.; Divekar, Devina P.; Zvetkova, Ilona; Kane, Leanne; Ferreira, Cristina; Veldhoen, Marc et al. (eLife Sciences, 2014-10-27)
      The co-stimulatory molecule CD28 is essential for activation of helper T cells. Despite this critical role, it is not known whether CD28 has functions in maintaining T cell responses following activation. To determine the ...
    • CD4 T cell allorecognition pathways in acute and chronic allograft rejection 

      Ali, Jason (2015-10-06)
      Solid organ transplantation is now an established and effective treatment option for end-stage organ failure. Whilst early outcomes have improved significantly over recent decades, longer-term outcomes have changed little. ...
    • CD8 T cell recognition of acquired, intact MHC alloantigen on host dendritic cells promotes acute allograft rejection 

      Harper, Simon J. F.; Ali, Jason M.; Wlodek, Elizabeth; Negus, Margaret C.; Harper, Ines G.; Chhabra, Manu; Qureshi, M. Saeed et al. (PNAS, 2015)
      Adaptive CD8 T cell immunity is the principal arm of the cellular alloimmune response, but its development requires help. This can be provided by CD4 T cells that recognise alloantigen ‘indirectly’, as self-restricted ...