Now showing items 1956-1975 of 11502

• #### Continuous Deep Q-Learning with Model-based Acceleration ﻿

(2016-03-02)
Model-free reinforcement learning has been successfully applied to a range of challenging problems, and has recently been extended to handle large neural network policies and value functions. However, the sample ...
• #### Continuous flow Buchwald-Hartwig amination of a pharmaceutical intermediate ﻿

(RSC, 2015-11-23)
A flow process for direct amination of a pharmaceutically relevant substrate using a Pd-NHC based catalyst was demonstrated in a lab-scale mini-plant and in a pilot-scale plant. The lab-scale mini-plant was used to determine ...

• #### Continuous Flow Metathesis for Direct Valorization of Food Waste: an example of cocoa butter triglyceride ﻿

(ACS, 2015-05-26)
The direct chemical conversion of cocoa butter triglycerides, a material available as a postmanufacture waste stream from the food industry, to 1-decene by way of ethenolysis is reported. The conversion of the raw waste ...
• #### Continuous flow synthesis and derivatization of aziridines via palladium-catalyzed C(sp$^{3}$)–H activation ﻿

(Wiley, 2016)
A continuous flow synthesis of aziridines via palladium-catalyzed C(sp$^{3}$)–H activation. The new flow reaction could be combined with a aziridine ring opening reaction to give highly functionalized aliphatic amines via ...
• #### A continuous growth model for plant tissue ﻿

(Institute of Physics, 2016-12-01)
Morphogenesis in plants and animals involves large irreversible deformations. In plants, the response of the cell wall material to internal and external forces is determined by its mechanical properties. An appropriate ...
• #### Continuous multimodality monitoring in children after traumatic brain injury - preliminary experience ﻿

(PLOS, 2016)
Introduction: Multimodality monitoring is regularly employed in adult traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients where it provides physiologic and therapeutic insight into this heterogeneous condition. Pediatric studies are ...
• #### The continuous performance test (rCPT) for mice: a novel operant touchscreen test of attentional function ﻿

(Springer, 2015-09-29)
Rationale: Continuous performance tests (CPTs) are widely used to assess attentional processes in a variety of disorders including Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia. Common human CPTs require discrimination of ...
• #### Continuous Processing and Efficient $\textit{in Situ}$ Reaction Monitoring of a Hypervalent Iodine(III) Mediated Cyclopropanation Using Benchtop NMR Spectroscopy ﻿

(American Chemical Society, 2016-09-16)
Real-time NMR spectroscopy has proven to be a rapid and an effective monitoring tool to study the hypervalent iodine(III) mediated cyclopropanation. With the ever increasing number of new synthetic methods for carbon−carbon ...
• #### Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy and multiple daily insulin injections in type 1 diabetes mellitus: a comparative overview and future horizons. ﻿

(Taylor & Francis, 2016-01-01)
INTRODUCTION: Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy is currently accepted as a treatment strategy for type 1 diabetes. Transition from multiple daily injection therapy (MDI; including basal-bolus regimens) ...
• #### Contour Integration over Time: Psychophysical and fMRI Evidence ﻿

(Oxford University Press, 2016-05-30)
The brain integrates discrete but collinear stimuli to perceive global contours. Previous contour integration (CI) studies mainly focus on integration over space, and CI is attributed to either V1 long-range connections ...
• #### Contract design and non-cooperative renegotiation ﻿

(Elsevier, 2014-12-18)
We study a contract design setting in which the contracting parties cannot commit not to renegotiate previous contract agreements. In particular, we characterize the outcome functions that are implementable for an uninformed ...
• #### Contractualisation of Family Law in England and Wales ﻿

(Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge, 2014-08-01)
This paper was prepared for the 'Contractualisation of Family Law' section of the International Academy of Family Law's XIXth International Congress of Comparative Law in July 2014. The aim of the project is to assess the ...
• #### A Contrario Patch Matching, With An Application To Keypoint Matches Validation ﻿

(IEEE, 2015-09-30)
We describe a simple metric for image patches similarity, together with a robust criterion for unsupervised patch matching. The gradient orientations at corresponding positions in the two patches are compared and the ...
• #### Contrast agents for molecular photoacoustic imaging ﻿

(Nature Publishing Group, 2016-07-28)
Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is an emerging tool that bridges the traditional depth limits of ballistic optical imaging and the resolution limits of diffuse optical imaging. Using the acoustic waves generated in response ...
• #### Contrasting genetic association of IL2RA with SLE and ANCA - associated vasculitis ﻿

(2009-03-05)
Abstract Background Autoimmune diseases are complex and have genetic and environmental susceptibility factors. The objective was to test the genetic association of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and anti-neutrophil ...
• #### Contrasting origin of B chromosomes in two cervids (Siberian roe deer and grey brocket deer) unravelled by chromosome-specific DNA sequencing ﻿

(2016-08-11)
Abstract Background B chromosomes are dispensable and variable karyotypic elements found in some species of animals, plants and fungi. They often originate from duplications ...
• #### Contrasting signals of positive selection in genes involved in human skin color variation from tests based on SNP scans and resequencing ﻿

(2011-12-01)
Abstract Background Numerous genome-wide scans conducted by genotyping previously ascertained single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have provided candidate signatures for positive selection in various regions of the human ...
• #### Contrasting snow and ice albedos derived from MODIS, Landsat ETM+ and airborne data from Langjökull, Iceland ﻿

(Elsevier, 2016-01-14)
Surface albedo is a key parameter in the energy balance of glaciers and ice sheets because it controls the shortwave radiation budget, which is often the dominant term of a glacier's surface energy balance. Monitoring ...
• #### Contrasts in active transport behaviour across four countries: How do they translate into public health benefits? ﻿

(Elsevier, 2015-02-24)
Objective: Countries and regions vary substantially in transport related physical activity that people gain from walking and cycling and in how this varies by age and gender. This study aims to quantify the population ...