Now showing items 1996-2015 of 18169

    • A Cautionary Note about the Use of Estimated Homicide Data for Cross-National Research 

      Eisner, Manuel Peter; Kanis, S; Messner, SF; Heitmeyer, W (SAGE Publications, 2017-11-01)
      A major development in criminology in recent years has been the efforts by the World Health Organization to provide reasonably reliable estimates of homicide rates for a large number of nations. In some instances, these ...
    • A cautionary tale: A study of a methane enhancement over the North Sea 

      Cain, Michelle Lorraine; Warwick, NJ; Fisher, RE; Lowry, D; Lanoisellé, M; Nisbet, EG; France, J et al. (William Byrd Press for John Hopkins Press, 2017-07-27)
      Airborne measurements of a methane (CH4) plume over the North Sea from August 2013 are analyzed. The plume was only observed downwind of circumnavigated gas fields, and three methods are used to determine its source. First, ...
    • Cavity Enhancement of Single Quantum Dot Emission in the Blue 

      Unknown author (2009-12-27)
      Abstract Cavity-enhanced single-photon emission in the blue spectral region was measured from single InGaN/GaN quantum dots. The low-Q microcavities used were characterized using micro-reflectance spectroscopy where the ...
    • Cavity mediated coherent coupling of magnetic moments 

      Lambert, Nicholas John; Haigh, JA; Langenfeld, S; Doherty, AC; Ferguson, AJ (American Physical Society, 2016-02-16)
      We demonstrate the long range strong coupling of magnetostatic modes in spatially separated ferromagnets mediated by a microwave frequency cavity. Two spheres of yttrium iron garnet are embedded in the cavity and their ...
    • Cavity mode enhancement of terahertz emission from equilateral triangular microstrip antennas of the high-$T_c$ superconductor Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_{8 + δ}$ 

      Cerkoney, DP; Reid, C; Doty, CM; Gramajo, A; Campbell, TD; Morales, MA; Delfanazari, Kaveh et al. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2017-01-11)
      We study the transverse magnetic (TM) electromagnetic cavity mode wave functions for an ideal equilateral triangular microstrip antenna (MSA) exhibiting $C_{3v}$ point group symmetry. When the $C_{3v}$ operations are imposed ...
    • Cavity-enhanced coherent light scattering from a quantum dot 

      Bennett, Anthony J; Lee, James; Ellis, David JP; Meany, Thomas David; Murray, Eoin; Floether, Frederik F; Griffths, Jonathan P et al. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2016-04-22)
      The generation of coherent and indistinguishable single photons is a critical step for photonic quantum technologies in information processing and metrology. A promising system is the resonant optical excitation of solid-state ...
    • The CB1 receptor antagonist AM251 impairs reconsolidation of pavlovian fear memory in the rat basolateral amygdala 

      Ratano, P; Everitt, BJ; Milton, Amy Louise (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-10)
      We have investigated the requirement for signaling at CB1 receptors in the reconsolidation of a previously consolidated auditory fear memory, by infusing the CB1 receptor antagonist AM251, or the FAAH inhibitor URB597, ...
    • The CBR-LRI Dataset: Methods, Properties and Potential of Leximetric Coding of Labour Laws 

      Adams, Zoe; Bastani, P; Bishop, L; Deakin, Simon Francis
      Leximetric data coding techniques aim to measure cross-national and inter-temporal variations in the content of legal rules, thereby facilitating statistical analysis of legal systems and their social and economic impacts. ...
    • CCCTC-Binding Factor Recruitment to the Early Region of the Human Papillomavirus Type 18 Genome Regulates Viral Oncogene Expression 

      Paris, Christian; Pentland, Ieisha; Groves, Ian John; Roberts, David C; Powis, Simon J; Coleman, Nicholas; Roberts, Sally et al. (American Society for Microbiology, 2015-02-18)
      Host cell differentiation-dependent regulation of human papillomavirus (HPV) gene expression is required for productive infection. The host cell CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) functions in genome-wide chromatin organization ...
    • CCDC88A mutations cause PEHO-like syndrome in humans and mouse 

      Nahorski, Michael Stefan; Asai, Masato; Wakeling, Emma; Parker, Alasdair; Asai, Naoya; Canham, Natalie; Holder, Susan E et al. (Oxford University Press, 2016-02-25)
      Progressive encephalopathy with oedema, hypsarrhythmia and optic atrophy (PEHO) syndrome is a rare Mendelian phenotype comprising severe retardation, early onset epileptic seizures, optic nerve/cerebellar atrophy, pedal ...
    • CCN5/WISP2 and metabolic diseases 

      Grünberg, John Rajan; Elvin, Johannes; Paul, Alexandra; Hedjazifar, Shahram; Hammarstedt, Ann; Smith, Ulf
      Obesity and type 2 diabetes increase worldwide at an epidemic rate. It is expected that by the year 2030 around 500 million people will have diabetes; predominantly type 2 diabetes. The CCN family of proteins has become ...
    • The CCR5 chemokine receptor mediates vasoconstriction and stimulates intimal hyperplasia in human vessels in vitro 

      Maguire, Janet Julie; Jones, Katie L; Kuc, Rhoda E; Clarke, Murray Charles; Bennett, Martin Richard; Davenport, Anthony Peter (OUP, 2013-12-09)
      Aims The chemokine receptor CCR5 and its inflammatory ligands have been linked to atherosclerosis, an accelerated form of which occurs in saphenous vein graft disease. We investigated the function of vascular smooth muscle ...
    • CCT complex restricts neuropathogenic protein aggregation via autophagy 

      Pavel, Mariana; Imarisio, Sara; Menzies, Fiona Mhairi; Jimenez-Sanchez, M; Siddiqi, Farah Hafeez; Wu, Xiaoting; Renna, Maurizio et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-12-01)
      Aberrant protein aggregation is controlled by various chaperones, including CCT (chaperonin containing TCP-1)/TCP-1/TRiC. Mutated CCT4/5 subunits cause sensory neuropathy and CCT5 expression is decreased in Alzheimer's ...
    • CD133: a Potential Indicator for Differentiation and Prognosis of Human Cholangiocarcinoma 

      Fan, Linni; He, Furong; Liu, Hongxiang; Zhu, Jin; Liu, Yixiong; Yin, Zhiyong; Wang, Lu et al. (2011-07-29)
      Abstract Background CD133 is known to be a cancer stem cell (CSC) marker. However, recent studies have revealed that CD133 is not restricted to CSC but to be expressed not only in human normal tissues but also in some ...
    • CD146 expression is associated with a poor prognosis in human breast tumors and with enhanced motility in breast cancer cell lines 

      Zabouo, Gwladys; Imbert, Anne-Marie; Jacquemier, Jocelyne; Finetti, Pascal; Moreau, Thomas Pierre; Esterni, Benjamin; Birnbaum, Daniel et al. (2009-01-05)
      Abstract Introduction Metastasis is a complex process involving loss of adhesion, migration, invasion and proliferation of cancer cells. Cell adhesion molecules play a pivotal role in this phenomenon by regulating ...
    • CD1d-restricted pathways in hepatocytes control local natural killer T cell homeostasis and hepatic inflammation 

      Zeissig, S; Peuker, K; Iyer, S; Gensollen, T; Dougan, SK; Olszak, T; Kaser, Arthur et al. (National Academy of Sciences, 2017-09-26)
      Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells recognize lipid antigens presented by CD1d and play a central role in regulating immunity and inflammation in peripheral tissues. However, the mechanisms which govern iNKT cell ...
    • CD24 expression does not affect dopamine neuronal survival in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease 

      Stott, Simon Russell; Hayat, S; Carnwath, T; Garas, S; Sleeman, JP; Barker, Roger Alistair (PLOS, 2017-02-09)
      Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative condition that is characterised by the loss of specific populations of neurons in the brain. The mechanisms underlying this selective cell death are unknown but ...
    • CD3- Leukocytes Present in the Human Uterus During Early Placentation: Phenotypic and Morphologic Characterization of the CD56++ Population 

      King, Ashley; Balendran, Nalini; Wooding, P.; Carter, N. P.; Loke, Y. W. (1991-1-1)
      In this study, the CD3- LGL/NK cells present in the pregnant human uterus have been characterized. Phenotypic and morphologic analyses of decidual LGL revealed many similarities to the minor CD56bright+, CD16- subset in ...
    • CD4-Transgenic Zebrafish Reveal Tissue-Resident Th2- and Regulatory T Cell–like Populations and Diverse Mononuclear Phagocytes 

      Dee, Christopher T; Nagaraju, Raghavendar T; Athanasiadis, Emmanouil; Gray, Caroline; del, Ama Laura Fernandez; Johnston, Simon A; Secombes, Christopher J et al. (The American Association of Immunologists, 2016-09-30)
      CD4$^+$ T cells are at the nexus of the innate and adaptive arms of the immune system. However, little is known about the evolutionary history of CD4$^+$ T cells, and it is unclear whether their differentiation into ...
    • CD8 T cell recognition of acquired, intact MHC alloantigen on host dendritic cells promotes acute allograft rejection 

      Harper, Simon JF; Ali, Jason M; Wlodek, Elizabeth; Negus, Margaret C; Harper, Ines G; Chhabra, Manu; Qureshi, M Saeed et al. (PNAS, 2015)
      Adaptive CD8 T cell immunity is the principal arm of the cellular alloimmune response, but its development requires help. This can be provided by CD4 T cells that recognise alloantigen ‘indirectly’, as self-restricted ...