Now showing items 2382-2401 of 17041

• #### Cognitive and Emotional Math Problems Largely Dissociate: Prevalence of Developmental Dyscalculia and Mathematics Anxiety ﻿

(2017-10-26)
© 2017 APA, all rights reserved). A negative correlation between math anxiety and mathematics performance is frequently reported. Thus, some may assume that high levels of mathematics anxiety are associated with poor ...

(2017-01)
• #### Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Lowers Elevated Functional Connectivity in Depressed Adolescents ﻿

(Elsevier, 2017-03-01)
Imaging studies have implicated altered functional connectivity in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). Whether similar dysfunction is present in adolescent patients is unclear. The degree of resting-state functional ...
• #### Cognitive behavioural therapy and short-term psychoanalytical psychotherapy versus a brief psychosocial intervention in adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder (IMPACT): a multicentre, pragmatic, observer-blind, randomised controlled superiority trial. ﻿

(Elsevier, 2017-02)
$\textbf{BACKGROUND}$: Psychological treatments for adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder are associated with diagnostic remission within 28 weeks in 65-70% of patients. We aimed to assess the medium-term ...
• #### Cognitive biases in binge eating disorder: the hijacking of decision making ﻿

(Cambridge University Press, 2015-11-23)
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common of eating disorders and is characterized by excessive out of control rapid food intake. This review focuses on cognitive impairments in BED which represent an endophenotype ...
• #### Cognitive dysfunction in Body Dysmorphic Disorder: New implications for nosological systems & neurobiological models ﻿

(Cambridge University Press, 2016-11-30)
${\bf Background.}$ Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a debilitating disorder, characterised by obsessions and compulsions relating specifically to perceived appearance, newly classified within the DSM-5 Obsessive-Compulsive ...
• #### Cognitive enhancing effects of voluntary exercise, caloric restriction and environmental enrichment: a role for adult hippocampal neurogenesis and pattern separation? ﻿

(2015-07-13)
• #### Cognitive flexibility correlates with gambling severity in young adults ﻿

(Elsevier, 2016-06-16)
Although gambling disorder (GD) is often characterized as a problem of impulsivity, compulsivity has recently been proposed as a potentially important feature of addictive disorders. The present analysis assessed the ...
• #### Cognitive Flexibility: A Default Network and Basal Ganglia Connectivity Perspective ﻿

(Mary Ann Liebert, 2015-12-09)
The intra/extra dimensional set-shifting task (IED) provides a reliable assessment of cognitive flexibility, the shifting of attention to select behaviorally relevant stimuli in a given context. Impairments in this domain ...
• #### Cognitive function in a general population of men and women: a cross sectional study in the European Investigation of Cancer–Norfolk cohort (EPIC-Norfolk) ﻿

(2014-12-19)
• #### Cognitive profiles in childhood and adolescence differ between adult psychotic and affective symptoms: a prospective birth cohort study ﻿

Background Differences between verbal and non-verbal cognitive development from childhood to adulthood may differentiate between those with and without psychotic symptoms and affective symptoms in later life. However, ...

(2017-06)
• #### Cognitive reserve as a moderator of the negative association between mood and cognition: evidence from a population-representative cohort ﻿

BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve (CR) has been associated with better cognitive function and lower risk of depression in older people, yet it remains unclear whether CR moderates the association between mood and cognition. ...
• #### Cognitive Training Using a Novel Memory Game on an iPad in Patients with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) ﻿

BACKGROUND: Cognitive training is effective in patients with mild cognitive impairment but does not typically address the motivational deficits associated with older populations with memory difficulties. METHODS: We conducted ...
• #### Cognitive-Enhancing Effects of Polygalasaponin Hydrolysate in Aβ25–35-Induced Amnesic Mice ﻿

(2011-3-6)
Polygalasaponins are the major active constituents of Polygala tenuifolia exhibiting antiamnesic activity, but their applications are limited due to their toxicities. Evidence showed that the toxicities can be attenuated ...
• #### Coherence properties of different light sources and their effect on the image sharpness and speckle of holographic displays ﻿

(Nature Publishing Group, 2017-07-19)
Coherence properties of different light sources and how they affect the image quality of holographic display are investigated. Temporal coherence is related to the intrinsic spectrum bandwidth of the light source, while ...
• #### A coherence-matched linear source mechanism for subsonic jet noise ﻿

(Cambridge University Press, 2015)
We investigate source mechanisms for subsonic jet noise using experimentally obtained data-sets of high Reynolds number, Mach 0.4 and 0.6 turbulent jets. The focus is on the axisymmetric mode which dominates downstream ...
• #### Coherent control of the silicon-vacancy spin in diamond ﻿

(Nature Publishing Group, 2017-05-30)
Spin impurities in diamond have emerged as a promising building block in a wide range of solid-state-based quantum technologies. The negatively charged silicon-vacancy centre combines the advantages of its high-quality ...
• #### Coherent structures in a swirl injector at Re = 4800 by nonlinear simulations and linear global modes ﻿

(Cambridge University Press, 2016-03-03)
The large-scale coherent motions in a realistic swirl fuel injector geometry are analysed by direct numerical simulations (DNS), proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), and linear global modes. The aim is to identify the ...
• #### Coherent structures in interacting vortex rings ﻿

(American Physical Society, 2017-02-21)
We investigate experimentally the nonlinear structures that develop from interacting vortex rings induced by a sinusoidally oscillating ellipsoidal disk in fluid at rest. We vary the scaled amplitude or Keulegan-Carpenter ...