Now showing items 2382-2401 of 13213

• #### Cortical thickness, surface area, and folding alterations in male youths with conduct disorder and varying levels of callous-unemotional traits ﻿

(Elsevier, 2015-04-30)
Purpose: Previous studies have reported changes in gray matter volume in youths with conduct disorder (CD), although these differences are difficult to interpret as they may have been driven by alterations in cortical ...
• #### Corticosterone alters materno-fetal glucose partitioningand insulin signalling in pregnant mice ﻿

(Wiley, 2015-01-29)
Glucocorticoids affect glucose metabolism in adults and fetuses, although their effects on materno-fetal glucose partitioning remain unknown. The present study measured maternal hepatic glucose handling and placental glucose ...
• #### Cortisol shifts financial risk preferences ﻿

(PNAS, 2014)
Risk taking is central to human activity. Consequently, it lies at the focal point of behavioral sciences such as neuroscience, economics, and finance. Many influential models from these sciences assume that financial risk ...
• #### Cosmic phylogeny: reconstructing the chemical history of the solar neighbourhood with an evolutionary tree ﻿

(Oxford University Press, 2017-05)
Using 17 chemical elements as a proxy for stellar DNA, we present a full phylogenetic study of stars in the solar neighbourhood. This entails applying a clustering technique that is widely used in molecular biology to ...
• #### Cosmological solutions of $\small \textit{f(T)}$ gravity ﻿

(American Physical Society, 2016-07-28)
In the cosmological scenario in $\small \textit{f(T)}$ gravity, we find analytical solutions for an isotropic and homogeneous universe containing a dust fluid and radiation and for an empty anisotropic Bianchi I universe. ...
• #### Cost and carbon reductions from industrial demand-side management: Study of potential savings at a cement plant ﻿

(Elsevier, 2017-07-01)
Demand-side management (DSM) has the potential to reduce electricity costs and the carbon emissions associated with electricity use for industrial consumers. It also has an important role to play in integrating variable ...
• #### Cost effective interventions for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in low and middle income countries: a systematic review ﻿

(2013-03-28)
Abstract Background While there is good evidence to show that behavioural and lifestyle interventions can reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors in affluent settings, less evidence exists in lower income settings.This ...
• #### Cost effectiveness of early intensive multifactorial treatment for individuals with screen-detected type 2 diabetes: analysis of the ADDITION-UK cluster randomised controlled trial ﻿

(Wiley on behalf of Diabetes UK, 2014-04-15)
Aims To examine the short and long-term cost-effectiveness of intensive multifactorial treatment compared with routine care among people with screen-detected type 2 diabetes. Methods Cost-utility analysis in ADDITION-UK, ...
• #### The cost of push notifications for smartphones using Tor hidden services ﻿

Push notification services provide reliable, energy efficient, store-and-forward messaging between servers and clients. This mode of communication is widely used, and sufficiently compelling for mobile devices that push ...
• #### Cost trajectories of low carbon electricity generation technologies: A study of cost uncertainty ﻿

(Elsevier, 2015-08-03)
Cost uncertainty has latterly come to be presented in the UK's Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Levelised Cost of Electricity (LCOE) estimates using sensitivities; 'high' and 'low' figures presented alongside ...
• #### Cost-Aware Activity Scheduling for Compressive Sleeping Wireless Sensor Networks ﻿

(IEEE, 2016-01-25)
In this paper, we consider a compressive sleeping wireless sensor network (WSN) for monitoring parameters in the sensor field, where only a fraction of sensor nodes (SNs) are activated to perform the sensing task and their ...
• #### Cost-effective control of plant disease when epidemiological knowledge is incomplete: modelling Bahia bark scaling of citrus. ﻿

(Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2014-08-07)
A spatially-explicit, stochastic model is developed for Bahia bark scaling, a threat to citrus production in north-eastern Brazil, and is used to assess epidemiological principles underlying the cost-effectiveness of disease ...
• #### Cost-Effective Grid-Connected Inverter for a Microcombined Heat and Power System ﻿

This paper proposes a novel, cost effective grid-connected inverter for a domestic micro combined heat and power (micro-CHP) system. A high frequency (~12,000 rpm), high voltage (~425 Vdc) brushless DC (BLDC) machine is ...
• #### Cost-effectiveness analysis of different systolic blood pressure targets for people with a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack: Economic analysis of the PAST-BP study ﻿

(SAGE Publications, 2016-05-25)
Background: The PAST-BP trial found that using a lower systolic blood pressure target (<130 mmHg or lower versus <140 mmHg) in a primary care population with prevalent cerebrovascular disease was associated with a small ...
• #### The cost-effectiveness of maintenance schedules following pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: an economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial ﻿

(Springer, 2015-09-07)
Background. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) affects approximately 3 million people in the UK. An eight week pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) course is recommended under current guidelines. However studies show ...
• #### Cost-effectiveness of multidisciplinary management of Tinnitus at a specialized Tinnitus centre ﻿

(2009-02-11)
Abstract Background Tinnitus is a common chronic health condition that affects 10% to 20% of the general population. Among severe sufferers it causes disability in various areas. As a result of the tinnitus, quality of ...
• #### Cost-effectiveness of primary offer of IVF vs. primary offer of IUI followed by IVF (for IUI failures) in couples with unexplained or mild male factor subfertility ﻿

(2006-06-23)
Abstract Background In unexplained and mild male factor subfertility, both intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) are indicated as first line treatments. Because the success rate of IUI is low, ...
• #### Cost-effectiveness of self-management of blood pressure in hypertensive patients over 70 years with sub-optimal control and established cardiovascular disease or additional CV risk diseases (TASMIN-SR) ﻿

(SAGE, 2015-11-24)
Background: A previous economic analysis of self-management, that is, self-monitoring with self-titration of antihypertensive mediation evaluated cost-effectiveness among patients with uncomplicated hypertension. This study ...
• #### Cost-sharing in Directed Networks: Experimental Study of Equilibrium Choice and System Dynamics ﻿

(Elsevier, 2015-07-26)
This study reports the results of an experiment on directed networks with positive externalities induced by cost-sharing. Subjects participated in a network game in which they had to choose between private and public ...
• #### Costs and Benefits: Economic Perspective of High Quality Youth ﻿

(Association of Cambridge Studies, 2012)