Now showing items 2865-2884 of 9714

    • Enhanced active swimming in viscoelastic fluids 

      Riley, Emily E.; Lauga, Eric (IOP Publishing, 2014-11-05)
      Swimming microorganisms often self-propel in fluids with complex rheology. While past theoretical work indicates that fluid viscoelasticity should hinder their locomotion, recent experiments on waving swimmers suggest a ...
    • Enhanced Attentional Bias towards Sexually Explicit Cues in Individuals with and without Compulsive Sexual Behaviours 

      Mechelmans, Daisy J.; Irvine, Michael; Banca, Paula; Porter, Laura; Mitchell, Simon; Mole, Tom B.; Lapa, Tatyana R. et al. (PLoS, 2014-08-25)
      Compulsive sexual behaviour (CSB) is relatively common and has been associated with significant distress and psychosocial impairments. CSB has been conceptualized as either an impulse control disorder or a non-substance ...
    • Enhanced crosslimb transfer of force-field learning for dynamics that are identical in extrinsic and joint-based coordinates for both limbs 

      Carroll, Timothy J.; de Rugy, Aymar; Howard, Ian S.; Ingram, James N.; Wolpert, Daniel M. (American Psychological Society, 2015-11-18)
      Humans are able to adapt their motor commands to make accurate movements in novel sensorimotor environments, such as when wielding tools that alter limb dynamics. However, it is unclear to what extent sensorimotor ...
    • Enhanced Methylation Analysis by Recovery of Unsequenceable Fragments 

      McInroy, Gordon R.; Beraldi, Dario; Raiber, Eun-Ang; Modrzynska, Katarzyna; van Delft, Pieter; Billker, Oliver; Balasubramanian, Shankar (PLOS, 2016-03-31)
      Bisulfite sequencing is a valuable tool for mapping the position of 5-methylcytosine in the genome at single base resolution. However, the associated chemical treatment causes strand scission, which depletes the number of ...
    • Enhanced ordering reduces electric susceptibility of liquids confined to graphene slit pores 

      Terrones, Jeronimo; Kiley, Patrick J.; Elliott, James A. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-06-06)
      The behaviours of a range of polar and non-polar organic liquids (acetone, ethanol, methanol, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), carbon tetrachloride and water) confined to 2D graphene nanochannels with thicknesses in the range ...
    • Enhanced Performance in Fluorene-Free Organometal Halide Perovskite Light Emitting Diodes using Tunable, Low Electron-Affinity Oxide Electron-Injectors 

      Hoye, Robert L. Z.; Chua, Matthew R.; Musselman, Kevin P.; Li, Guangru; Lai, May-Ling; Tan, Zhi-Kuang; Greenham, Neil C. et al. (Wiley, 2015-01-09)
      Fluorene-free perovskite light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with low turn-on voltages, higher luminance and sharp, color-pure electroluminescenceare obtained by replacing the F8 electron injector with ZnO, which is directly ...
    • Enhanced Quantification for 3D SEM-EDS: Using the full set of available X-ray lines 

      Burdet, Pierre; Croxall, Stephen A.; Midgley, Paul A. (Elsevier, 2014)
      An enhanced method to quantify energy dispersive spectra recorded in 3D with a scanning electron microscope (3D SEM-EDS) has been previously demonstrated. This paper presents an extension of this method using all the ...
    • Enhanced spectroscopic gas sensors using in-situ grown carbon nanotubes 

      De Luca, A.; Cole, M. T.; Hopper, R. H.; Boual, S.; Warner, J. H.; Robertson, A. R.; Ali, S. Z. et al. (AIP, 2015-05-11)
      In this letter, we present a fully complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) compatible microelectromechanical system thermopile infrared (IR) detector employing vertically aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) ...
    • Enhanced trapped field performance of bulk high-temperature superconductors using split coil, pulsed field magnetization with an iron yoke 

      Ainslie, M. D.; Fujishiro, H.; Mochizuki, H.; Takahashi, K.; Shi, Y.-H.; Namburi, D. K.; Zou, J. et al. (Institute of Physics, 2016)
      Investigating and predicting the magnetization of bulk superconducting materials and developing practical magnetizing techniques is crucial to using them as trapped field magnets (TFMs) in engineering applications. The ...
    • An enhanced version of the heat exchange algorithm with excellent energy conservation properties 

      Wirnsberger, P.; Frenkel, D.; Dellago, C. (AIP, 2015)
      We propose a new algorithm for non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of thermal gradients. The algorithm is an extension of the heat exchange algorithm developed by Hafskjold and co-workers [Mol. Phys. 80, 1389 ...
    • Enhanced visualization of optimal cerebral perfusion pressure over time to support clinical decision making 

      Aries, Marcel J. H.; Wesselink, Robin; Elting, Jan Willem J.; Donnelly, Joseph; Czosnyka, Marek; Ercole, Ari; Maurits, Natasha M. et al. (Wolters Kluwer, 2016)
      Objective: Cerebrovascular reactivity can provide a continuously updated individualised target for management of CPP, termed CPPopt. Data Sources: Here we present a concept method of visualisation of autoregulation ...
    • Enhancement of CD8+ T-cell memory by removal of a vaccinia virus NF-κB inhibitor 

      Ren, Hongwei; Ferguson, Brian J.; de Motes, Carlos Maluquer; Sumner, Rebecca P.; Harman, Laura; Smith, Geoffrey L. (Wiley, 2014-11-07)
      Factors influencing T-cell responses are important for vaccine development but incompletely understood. Here vaccinia virus (VACV) protein N1 is shown to impair the development of both effector and memory CD8+ T-cells and ...
    • Enhancement of finger motion range with compliant anthropomorphic joint design 

      Çulha, Utku; Iida, Fumiya (Institute of Physics, 2016-02-18)
      Robotic researchers have been greatly inspired from the human hand in the search of designing and building adaptive robotic hands. Especially, joints have received a lot of attention upon their role in maintaining the ...
    • Enhancement of forward suppression begins in the ventral cochlear nucleus 

      Ingham, Neil J.; Itatani, Naoya; Bleeck, Stefan; Winter, Ian M. (Elsevier, 2016-03-02)
      A neuron's response to a sound can be suppressed by the presentation of a preceding sound. It has been suggested that this suppression is a direct correlate of the psychophysical phenomenon of forward masking, however, ...
    • Enhancer evolution across twenty mammals 

      Villar, Diego; Berthelot, Camille; Aldridge, Sarah; Rayner, Tim F.; Lukk, Margus; Pignatelli, Miguel; Park, Thomas J. et al. (Elsevier, 2014-12-15)
      The mammalian radiation has corresponded with rapid changes in noncoding regions of the genome, but we lack a comprehensive understanding of regulatory evolution in mammals. Here, we track the evolution of promoters ...
    • Enhancing climate science- a question of boundary work 

      Rose, David (2014-11-26)
      Extending the debate on interactions between climate science and policy, Morecroft et al. provide a useful view from those who advise policymakers and environmental managers. Their point about turning policy into practice ...
    • Enhancing Cognition by Affecting Memory Reconsolidation 

      Merlo, Emiliano; Milton, Amy L.; Everitt, Barry J. (Elsevier, 2015-02-20)
      Fully consolidated associative memories can undergo a retrieval-dependent reconsolidation process, which allows for the updating and strengthening of the original association. Limiting, or so-called boundary, conditions ...
    • Enhancing Departments and Graduate Education in Geography 

      Foote, Kenneth; Solem, Michael (University of Cambridge, 2009)
      This paper describes the development, implementation, and preliminary outcomes of Enhancing Departments and Graduate Education (EDGE) in Geography, a multi-year project begun in 2005 to study the process of professional ...
    • Enhancing H2 evolution performance of an immobilised cobalt catalyst by rational ligand design 

      Willkomm, Janina; Muresan, Nicoleta M.; Reisner, Erwin (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015-02-02)
      The catalyst [CoIIIBr((DO)(DOH)(4-BnPO3H2)(2-CH2py)pn)]Br, CoP3, has been synthesised to improve the stability and activity of cobalt catalysts immobilised on metal oxide surfaces. The CoP3 catalyst contains an equatorial ...
    • Enhancing plasma membrane NADPH oxidase activity increases current output by diatoms in biophotovoltaic devices 

      Laohavisit, Anuphon; Anderson, Alexander; Bombelli, Paolo; Jacobs, Matthew; Howe, Christopher J.; Davies, Julia M.; Smith, Alison G. (Elsevier, 2015-08-31)
      Biophotovoltaic (BPV) devices employ the photosynthetic activity of microalgae or cyanobacteria to harvest light energy and generate electrical current directly as a result of the release of electrons from the algal cells. ...