Now showing items 2905-2924 of 17524

• Conspicuous male coloration impairs survival against avian predators in Aegean wall lizards, Podarcis erhardii ﻿

(Wiley, 2015-09-04)
Animal coloration is strikingly diverse in nature. Within-species colour variation can arise through local adaptation for camouflage, sexual dimorphism, and conspicuous sexual signals, which often have conflicting effects ...
• Constant-pressure nested sampling with atomistic dynamics ﻿

(2017-10-30)
© 2017 American Physical Society. The nested sampling algorithm has been shown to be a general method for calculating the pressure-temperature-composition phase diagrams of materials. While the previous implementation used ...
• Constantine, Helena, Maximus: On the Appropriation of Roman History in Medieval Wales, c.800-1250 ﻿

This article explores the ways in which the three fourth-century figures Constantine the Great (d. 337), St Helena (d. c.330), and Magnus Maximus (d. 388) were represented in texts produced in, or connected with, medieval ...
• Constitutional legislation, European Union Law and the nature of the United Kingdom’s contemporary constitution ﻿

(Cambridge University Press, 2015-01-26)
United Kingdom – UK Supreme Court – European Union – The orthodox view of the British constitution: lack of hierarchy of laws – Britain's ‘unwritten’ constitution and the role of ‘constitutional statues’ in Factortame – ...
• Constitutional Politics and Religious Accommodation: Lessons from Spain ﻿

(Taylor & Francis, 2016-03-23)
This article sketches the struggles over and the shifting role of Catholicism in the Spanish body politic. It begins by providing a brief overview of the deep historical ties between Catholicism and Spanish identity. It ...

• Constitutional Rights and the Rule of Law ﻿

(Marcial Pons, 2017-02-06)
• Constitutive Activation of AKT2 in Humans Leads to Hypoglycemia Without Fatty Liver or Metabolic Dyslipidemia ﻿

(Oxford University Press, 2017-05-23)
$\textbf{Context:}$ The activating p.Glu17Lys mutation in AKT2, a kinase mediating many of insulin’s metabolic actions, causes hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia and left-sided hemihypertrophy. The wider metabolic profile and ...
• Constitutive analysis of biomedical grade Co-27Cr-5Mo alloy at high strain rates ﻿

(Elsevier, 2017-01-13)
Cobalt Chrome is used extensively within the biomedical industry for hip, knee and shoulder prostheses. These components are manufactured using a range of different processes which includes machining. In order to develop ...
• A constitutive model for self-reinforced ductile polymer composites ﻿

(2015-01-09)
• Constitutively active Notch1 converts cranial neural crest-derived frontonasal mesenchyme to perivascular cells $\textit{in vivo}$ ﻿

(Company of Biologists, 2017-03-15)
Perivascular/mural cells originate from either the mesoderm or the cranial neural crest. Regardless of their origin, Notch signalling is necessary for their formation. Furthermore, in both chicken and mouse, constitutive ...
• Constrained invariant mass distributions in cascade decays: The Shape of the 'm(qll)-threshold' and similar distributions. ﻿

(High Energy Physics, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, 2006-03)
Considering the cascade decay D → cC → cbB → cbaA in which D,C,B,A are massive particles and c, b, a are massless particles, we determine for the shape of the distribution of the invariant mass of the three massless ...
• Constrained invariant mass distributions in cascade decays: The Shape of the 'm(qll)-threshold' and similar distributions. ﻿

(Physics Letters B, 2010)
• Constrained NLP via gradient flow penalty continuation: Towards self-tuning robust penalty schemes ﻿

(Elsevier, 2017-06-09)
This work presents a new numerical solution approach to nonlinear constrained optimization problems based on a gradient flow reformulation. The proposed solution schemes use self-tuning penalty parameters where the updating ...
• Constrained transcription factor spacing is prevalent and important for transcriptional control of mouse blood cells ﻿

(Oxford Journals on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research, 2014-11-26)
Combinatorial transcription factor (TF) binding is essential for cell-type-specific gene regulation. However, much remains to be learned about the mechanisms of TF interactions, including to what extent constrained spacing ...
• Constraining protoplanetary disc evolution using accretion rate and disc mass measurements: the usefulness of the dimensionless accretion parameter ﻿

(Oxford University Press, 2017-03-08)
We explore how measurements of protoplanetary disc masses and accretion rates provided by surveys of star-forming regions can be analysed via the $\textit{dimensionless accretion parameter}$, which we define as the product ...
• Constraining the dark energy equation of state using Bayes theorem and the Kullback–Leibler divergence ﻿

(Oxford University Press, 2017-04-01)
Data-driven model-independent reconstructions of the dark energy equation of state $w$($z$) are presented using $\textit{Planck}$ 2015 era cosmic microwave background, baryonic acoustic oscillations (BAO), Type Ia supernova ...
• Constraining the Dark Energy Equation of State with HII Galaxies ﻿

(Oxford University Press, 2016-07-28)
We use the H II galaxies L–σ relation and the resulting Hubble expansion cosmological probe of a sample of just 25 high-z (up to z ∼ 2.33) H II galaxies, in a joint likelihood analysis with other well tested cosmological ...
• Constraining the mass of accreting black holes in ultraluminous X-ray sources with ultrafast outflows ﻿

(Oxford University Press, 2017-07-21)
The nature of ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) – off-nuclear extragalactic sources with luminosity, assumed isotropic, ≳1039 erg s−1 – is still debated. One possibility is that ULXs are stellar black holes (BHs) accreting ...
• Constraining the MSSM with Dark Matter indirect detection data ﻿

(High Energy Physics, Department of Physics,University of Cambridge, 2009-11)
Recently, a claim of possible evidence for Dark Matter in data from the Fermi LAT experiment was made by Goodenough and Hooper [8]. We test the Dark Matter properties consistent with their claim in terms of the MSSM by ...