Now showing items 2905-2924 of 18930

    • Comparison of ventricular drain location and infusion test in hydrocephalus 

      Sinha, Rohitashwa; Morgan, James AD; Wawrzynski, James R; Czosnyka, Zofia; Kasprowicz, Magdalena; Czosnyka, Marek; Garnett, Matthew et al. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016)
      OBJECTIVES: Suspected cerebrospinal fluid shunt (CSF) dysfunction in hydrocephalic patients poses a diagnostic uncertainty. The clinical picture can be non-specific and CT imaging alone is not always pathognomonic. Infusion ...
    • Comparison of ventricular drain location and infusion test in hydrocephalus 

      Sinha, R; Morgan, JAD; Wawrzynski, JR; Czosnyka, Z; Kasprowicz, M; Czosnyka, Marek; Garnett, M et al. (Wiley, 2017-03)
      Objectives: Suspected cerebrospinal fluid shunt (CSF) dysfunction in hydrocephalic patients poses a diagnostic uncertainty. The clinical picture can be nonspecific and CT imaging alone is not always pathognomic. Infusion ...
    • Comparisons of intra-tablet coating variability using DEM simulations, asymptotic limit models, and experiments 

      Freireich, Ben; Kumar, Rahul; Ketterhagen, William; Su, Ke; Wassgren, Carl; Zeitler, J. Axel (Elsevier, 2015-03-26)
      Discrete element method (DEM) computer simulations are used to investigate intra-tablet coating thickness variability. Two new post-processing algorithms are presented. The first algorithm uses an image-based method to ...
    • Compartmental residence time estimation in batch granulators using a colourimetric image analysis algorithm and Discrete Element Modelling 

      McGuire, AD; Lee, KF; Dosta, M; Mosbach, Sebastian; Rosenboom, JG; Heinrich, S; Kraft, Markus (2017-09-01)
      In this paper we present an experimental technique and a novel colourimetric image analysis algorithm to economically evaluate particle residence times within regions of batch granulators for use in compartmental population ...
    • The Compelling Case for Indentation as a Functional Exploratory and Characterization Tool 

      Marshall, David B; Cook, Robert F; Padture, Nitin P; Oyen, Michelle Lynn; Pajares, Antonia; Bradby, Jodie E; Reimanis, Ivar E et al. (Wiley, 2015-07-30)
      The utility of indentation testing for characterizing a wide range of mechanical properties of brittle materials is highlighted in light of recent articles questioning its validity, specifically in relation to the measurement ...
    • Competing charge transfer pathways at the photosystem II-electrode interface. 

      Zhang, Jenny Zhenqi; Sokol, Katarzyna; Paul, Nicholas; Romero, Elisabet; van, Grondelle Rienk; Reisner, Erwin (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-12)
      The integration of the water-oxidation enzyme, photosystem II (PSII), into electrodes allows the electrons extracted from water-oxidation to be harnessed for enzyme characterization and driving novel endergonic reactions. ...
    • Competing risk models of stillbirth inform populations but not individuals 

      Smith, Gordon Campbell; White, Ian Richard (Wiley, 2016-02-29)
    • Competing three-dimensional mechanisms in compressor flows 

      Taylor, James Vincent; Miller, Robert John (ASME, 2016-10-04)
      Three-dimensional design is central to all modern compressor design systems, but many of these methods still rely on a two-dimensional and sectional view of aerodynamics at their core. This paper argues that this view ...
    • Competition between Burkholderia pseudomallei and B. thailandensis 

      Ngamdee, Wikanda; Tandhavanant, Sarunporn; Wikraiphat, Chanthiwa; Reamtong, Onrapak; Wuthiekanun, Vanaporn; Salje, Jeanne; Low, David A et al. (2015-03-03)
      Abstract Background Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes melioidosis, an often fatal disease in tropical countries. Burkholderia ...
    • Competition between movement plans increases motor variability: evidence of a shared resource for movement planning 

      Oostwoud, Wijdenes Leonie; Ivry, Richard B; Bays, Paul Michael (American Physiological Society, 2016-06-29)
      Do movement plans, like representations in working memory, share a limited pool of resources? If so, the precision with which each individual movement plan is specified should decrease as the total number of movement plans ...
    • Competition can lead to unexpected patterns in tropical ant communities 

      Ellwood, MD Farnon; Blüthgen, Nico; Fayle, Tom M; Foster, William Andrew; Menzel, Florian (Elsevier, 2016)
      Ecological communities are structured by competitive, predatory, mutualistic and parasitic interactions combined with chance events. Separating deterministic from stochastic processes is possible, but finding statistical ...
    • Competition for light and water play contrasting roles in driving diversity-productivity relationships in Iberian forests 

      Jucker, Tommaso Galileo; Bouriaud, Olivier; Avacaritei, Daniel; Dănilă, Iulian; Duduman, Gabriel; Valladares, Fernando; Coomes, David Anthony (Wiley, 2014-06-16)
      Mixed-species forests generally sequester and store more carbon in above-ground woody biomass compared to species-poor systems. However, the mechanisms driving the positive relationship between diversity and above-ground ...
    • Competitive Contagion in Networks 

      Goyal, Sanjeev; Heidari, Hoda; Kearns, Michael (Elsevier, 2014-10-05)
      We develop a game-theoretic framework for the study of competition between firms who have budgets to “seed" the initial adoption of their products by consumers located in a social network. We identify a general property ...
    • Competitive Disinhibition Mediates Behavioral Choice and Sequences in $\textit{Drosophila}$ 

      Jovanic, Tihana; Schneider-Mizell, Casey Martin; Shao, Mei; Masson, Jean-Baptiste; Denisov, Gennady; Doty, Fetter Richard; Mensh, Brett Daren et al. (Elsevier (Cell Press), 2016-10-06)
      Even a simple sensory stimulus can elicit distinct innate behaviors and sequences. During sensorimotor decisions, competitive interactions among neurons that promote distinct behaviors must ensure the selection and maintenance ...
    • Competitive growth in a cooperative mammal 

      Huchard, Elise; English, Sinead; Bell, Matt BV; Thavarajah, Nathan; Clutton-Brock, Timothy Hugh (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
    • Complement C1q is hydroxylated by collagen prolyl 4 hydroxylase and is sensitive to off-target inhibition by prolyl hydroxylase domain inhibitors that stabilize hypoxia-inducible factor 

      Kiriakidis, S; Hoer, SS; Burrows, Natalie; Biddlecome, G; Khan, MN; Thinnes, CC; Schofield, CJ et al.
      Complement C1q is part of the C1 macromolecular complex that mediates the classical complement activation pathway: a major arm of innate immune defense. C1q is composed of A, B, and C chains that require post-translational ...
    • Complementary spin-Hall and inverse spin-galvanic effect torques in a ferromagnet/semiconductor bilayer 

      Skinner, T. D.; Olejnik, K.; Cunningham, L. K.; Kurebayashi, H.; Campion, R. P.; Gallagher, B. L.; Jungwirth, T. et al. (NPG, 2015-03-31)
      Recently discovered relativistic spin torques induced by a lateral current at a ferromagnet/paramagnet interface are a candidate spintronic technology for a new generation of electrically controlled magnetic memory devices. ...
    • A Complete ALMA Map of the Fomalhaut Debris Disk 

      Macgregor, MA; Matrà, Luca; Kalas, P; Wilner, DJ; Pan, M; Kennedy, Grant Malcolm; Wyatt, Mark Charles et al. (2017-06-10)
      © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. We present ALMA mosaic observations at 1.3 mm (223 GHz) of the Fomalhaut system with a sensitivity of 14 μJy/beam. These observations provide the first ...
    • Complete Bilayer Adsorption Of C16TAB On The Surface Of Mica Using Neutron Reflection 

      Griffin, LR; Browning, KL; Truscott, Christopher; Clifton, LA; Clarke, Stuart Matthew (American Chemical Society, 2015-05-05)
      In this work we present neutron reflection data from an alkylammonium surfactant (C16TAB) at the mica/water interface. The system is studied in situ in a non-invasive manner and indicates the formation of a complete adsorbed ...
    • The complete connectome of a learning and memory center in an insect brain 

      Eichler, K; Li, F; Litwin-Kumar, A; Park, Y; Andrade, I; Schneider-Mizell, CM; Saumweber, T et al.
      Associating stimuli with positive or negative reinforcement is essential for survival, but a complete wiring diagram of a higher-order circuit supporting associative memory has not been previously available. Here we ...