Item Open AccessSergei Kaznacheev, The Manychskiy secondary school museum(Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2017-11-01) Terbish, Baasanjav; Sandzhiev, Artur; Churyumov, Anton Item Open AccessSvetlana Batyreva, museum of traditional culture(Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2018-09-03) Terbish, Baasanjav; Churyumova, Elvira; Sandzhiev, Artur; Bembeev, AleksandrSvetlana shows and explains the artifacts kept in the Museum of the Kalmyk Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Science in Elista:This museum has been working for 18 years, displaying artifacts collected during expeditions or obtained from individuals. The Kalmyks have an interesting culture and unique history related to that of Western Mongolia, an ancestral land of the Kalmyks. Having Oirat origins, Kalmyk culture was formed in a new natural and cultural environment. It is important to show any culture in its entirety, including objects made from leather, felt, wood, metal, and fabric. This exhibition shows the material culture of the Kalmyks. In the center is a yurt. To be more precise, this is not an actual yurt covered with felt, but a kind of model that was assembled according to available scientific data. Our exhibition went abroad, to Nepal and Turkey. This yurt stands in the center of the hall so that people could see it from all sides. This living space carries in itself temporal parameters, and on the poles that hold the roof there are the representations of animals that are used to determine chronology and time. The yurt has to be located so that its entrance faces south. The sacred part of the yurt is its northern part. The right part of the yurt is men’s. Here men's clothing is kept, accessories, a saddle, ropes, a lasso, whips and the like. The yurt is also covered with felt which creates the necessary micro-climate inside. The dwelling itself is mobile. Its frame is made of wood. The dome, or roof, is held by more than 70 wooden poles (unin) that are placed on the foldable wall (term) consisting of 6 parts. It is possible to increase the size of the yurt by expanding the walls. In this case the height of the yurt lowers accordingly. Animal husbandry requires that herders change their pasture on a regular basis. Russia provided a territory for normalizing, and the Kalmyks pledged to protect the southern borders of the country. Kalmyks participated in all Russia’s military campaigns. Many scholars have written about this, including Grigoriy Prozritelev. Today Kalmykia is a calm and peaceful place, where we are always happy to show our traditional heritage. The left side of the yurt is reserved for women. A lot is written about the Kalmyk woman. This part of the yurt contains utensils, a table, food, and a cradle. In the center of the yurt is the hearth. The aim of this museum is to show the traditional life of the Kalmyks. Each item here is useful: a felt for sitting, a whip to chase a horse away and so on. What is noteworthy about these objects is that they are decorated. People decorated objects in accordance with their aesthetic views, which are formed over a long period of time. Nomads lived in harmony with nature. According to nomadic world view, human beings are a part of nature. This view can be found in the Buddhist iconography of the Kalmyks. The standing Tsagan Aav, for example, is an anthropomorphic image of nature. Nature is embodied in this figure, who has his head reaching the sky, and his feet resting on the ground. Leather products that are on display are various bortkha. They are light and durable vessels for holding liquid. Wood was used to make plates, tables, and containers of various sizes. Kalmyk clothes are represented here by female costumes called biize and berze. Ornaments are not only used to decorate one’s life but to express worldviews and aesthetic values of the people. Item Open AccessAis Sandzhiev, Tsagan-Nur Secondary School Museum(2017-02-20) Okonov, Andzhur; Seleeva, Tsagan; Terbish, BaasanjavAis is the director of a museum in a secondary school in Tsagan-Nur village. Established in 1963, the museum added the Room of Military Pride in 1975, and in 1983 moved to current building. The museum consists of 10 sections or corners, as follows: 1) a corner dedicated to the kolkhoz of the 3rd Commintern, 2) a corner dedicated to the kolkhoz Priozernyi, 3) a corner dedicated to the hero of the Soviet Union, Nikolai Sandzhiev, 4) a corner dedicated to the villagers who fought in World War II, 5) a corner dedicated to the 115th cavalry division that defended the village during World War II, 6) a corner dedicated to Sandzhi Kalyaev, 7) a corner dedicated to the Kalmyk writer Mikhail Khoninov, 8) a corner showing the history of the secondary school, 9) an ethnographic corner, and 10) an archaeological corner. Ais talks about the artefacts displayed in the ethnographic corner, which have been donated by villagers. These items include knitting needles, a leather bag in which to keep tea, a wedding bag in which to keep sweets, a knife, a tobacco pipe, a leather container for liquids, a pair of summer shoes, various whips, narin shinj (traditional game), a horse hobble, a woollen cable for catching horses, a knitted men’s hat, a women’s leather hat, a hair ornament used by married women, Buddhist bells, metal ornaments for a saddle, and a traditional men’s dress.