Now showing items 1-20 of 457

    • A 2017 Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation and Biological Diversity 

      Sutherland, William James; Barnard, P; Broad, S; Clout, M; Connor, B; Côté, IM; Dicks, LV et al. (Elsevier, 2017-01-01)
      We present the results of our eighth annual horizon scan of emerging issues likely to affect global biological diversity, the environment, and conservation efforts in the future. The potential effects of these novel issues ...
    • A 2018 Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation and Biological Diversity. 

      Sutherland, William James; Butchart, Stuart HM; Connor, Ben; Culshaw, Caroline; Dicks, Lynn V; Dinsdale, Jason; Doran, Helen et al. (Elsevier, 2018-01)
      This is our ninth annual horizon scan to identify emerging issues that we believe could affect global biological diversity, natural capital and ecosystem services, and conservation efforts. Our diverse and international ...
    • Acoustic sequences in non-human animals: a tutorial review and prospectus 

      Kershenbaum, Erik Lowell; Blumstein, Daniel T; Roch, Marie A; Akçay, Çağlar; Backus, Gregory; Bee, Mark A; Bohn, Kirsten et al. (Wiley, 2014-11-26)
      Animal acoustic communication often takes the form of complex sequences, made up of multiple distinct acoustic units. Apart from the well-known example of birdsong, other animals such as insects, amphibians, and mammals ...
    • Acoustic signalling for mate attraction in crickets: Abdominal ganglia control the timing of the calling song pattern 

      Jacob, Pedro F; Hedwig, Berthold Gerhard (Elsevier, 2016-04-22)
      Decoding the neural basis of behaviour requires analysing how the nervous system is organised and how the temporal structure of motor patterns emerges from its activity. The stereotypical patterns of the calling song ...
    • Active diffusion and advection in Drosophila oocytes result from the interplay of actin and microtubules 

      Drechsler, M; Giavazzi, F; Cerbino, R; Palacios De Castro, Maria Isabel
      Transport in cells occurs via a delicate interplay of passive and active processes, including diffusion, directed transport and advection. Despite progress in super-resolution microscopy, discriminating and quantifying ...
    • Adaptation to a novel family environment involves both apparent and cryptic phenotypic changes 

      Schrader, M; Jarrett, Benjamin; Rebar, D; Kilner, Rebecca Mary (The Royal Society, 2017-09-06)
      Cryptic evolution occurs when evolutionary change is masked by concurrent environmental change. In most cases, evolutionary changes in the phenotype are masked by changing abiotic factors. However, evolutionary change in ...
    • Adaptive Use of Information during Growth Can Explain Long-Term Effects of Early Life Experiences. 

      English, Sinead; Fawcett, TW; Higginson, AD; Trimmer, PC; Uller, T (University of Chicago Press, 2016-05-01)
      Development is a continuous process during which individuals gain information about their environment and adjust their phenotype accordingly. In many natural systems, individuals are particularly sensitive to early life ...
    • Adult male coatis play with a band of juveniles 

      Logan, Corina Jill; Longino, JT (Instituto Internacional de Ecologia, 2013-05-31)
      This study examined the play behaviour in one group of coatis (Nasua narica) at La Selva Biological Station in Costa Rica. We incidentally found adult males playing with juvenile coatis, and conducted post-hoc analyses to ...
    • Agriculture as a key element for conservation: reasons for caution 

      Phalan, Benjamin Timothy; Balmford, Andrew Paul; Green, Rhys (Wiley, 2012-05-15)
    • Alternative Behavioral Measures of Postconflict Affiliation 

      Logan, Corina Jill; Emery, Nathan J; Clayton, Nicola Susan (Oxford University Press, 2012-09-19)
      Animals are known to affiliate after conflicts rather than avoid each other. Affiliation can occur between former opponents or between a former opponent and a third-party, and is more common between individuals with ...
    • Amino acid substitutions that affect receptor binding and stability of the hemagglutinin of influenza A/H7N9 virus 

      Schrauwen, Eefje JA; Richard, Mathilde; Burke, David Francis; Rimmelzwaan, Guus F; Herfst, Sander; Fouchier, Ron AM (American Society for Microbiology, 2016-01-20)
      Receptor-binding preference and stability of hemagglutinin have been implicated as crucial determinants of airborne transmission of influenza viruses. Here, amino acid substitutions previously identified to affect these ...
    • Analysis of ecological thresholds in a temperate forest undergoing dieback. 

      Martin, Philip Anthony; Newton, Adrian C; Cantarello, Elena; Evans, Paul M (2017-01)
    • Analysis of long branch extraction and long branch shortening 

      Unknown author (2010-11-02)
      Abstract Background Long branch attraction (LBA) is a problem that afflicts both the parsimony and maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis techniques. Research has shown that parsimony is particularly vulnerable to inferring ...
    • Analysis of replication factories in human cells by super-resolution light microscopy 

      Cseresnyes, Zoltan; Schwarz, Ulf; Green, Catherine Mary (2009-12-16)
      Abstract Background DNA replication in human cells is performed in discrete sub-nuclear locations known as replication foci or factories. These factories form in the nucleus during S phase and are sites of DNA synthesis ...
    • Ancient Ethiopian genome reveals extensive Eurasian admixture throughout the African continent 

      Llorente, M Gallego; Jones, Eppie Ruth; Eriksson, Jon Anders; Siska, V; Arthur, KW; Arthur, JW; Curtis, MC et al. (2015-10-08)
    • Ancient Ethiopian genome reveals extensive Eurasian admixture throughout the African continent 

      Llorente, M Gallego; Jones, Eppie Ruth; Eriksson, Jon Anders; Siska, Veronika; Arthur, KW; Arthur, JW; Curtis, MC et al. (AAAS, 2015-10-08)
      Characterizing genetic diversity in Africa is a crucial step for most analyses reconstructing the evolutionary history of anatomically modern humans. However, historic migrations from Eurasia into Africa have affected many ...
    • Animal vocal sequences: not the Markov chains we thought they were 

      Kershenbaum, Erik Lowell; Bowles, Ann E; Freeberg, Todd M; Jin, Dezhe Z; Lameira, Adriano R; Bohn, Kirsten (Animal vocal sequences: not the Markov chains we thought they were, 2014-08-20)
      Many animals produce vocal sequences that appear complex. Most researchers assume that these sequences are well characterised as Markov chains, i.e. that the probability of a particular vocal element can be calculated from ...
    • Ant mosaics in Bornean primary rain forest high canopy depend on spatial scale, time of day, and sampling method. 

      Yusah, Kalsum M; Foster, William Andrew; Reynolds, Glen; Fayle, Tom M
      Background: Competitive interactions in biological communities can be thought of as giving rise to "assembly rules" that dictate the species that are able to co-exist. Ant communities in tropical canopies often display a ...
    • Antagonistic effect of helpers on breeding male and female survival in a cooperatively breeding bird 

      Paquet, Matthieu; Doutrelant, Claire; Hatchwell, Ben J; Spottiswoode, Claire Noelle; Covas, Rita (Wiley, 2015-04-30)
      1. Cooperatively breeding species are typically long-lived and hence, according to theory, are expected to maximise their lifetime reproductive success through maximising survival. Under these circumstances, the presence ...
    • An anterior medial cell population with an apical-organ-like transcriptional profile that pioneers the central nervous system in the centipede Strigamia maritima 

      Hunnekuhl, Vera Sophie; Akam, Michael Edwin (Elsevier, 2014)
      The apical plate of primary marine larvae is characterized by a common set of 5 transcription factors comprising six3, rx, hbn, nk2.1 and FoxQ2. It harbours the 6 apical organ, a neural and ciliary structure with neurosecretory ...