Now showing items 1-20 of 360

    • A 2017 Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation and Biological Diversity 

      Sutherland, William James; Barnard, P; Broad, S; Clout, M; Connor, B; Côté, IM; Dicks, LV et al. (Elsevier, 2017-01-01)
      We present the results of our eighth annual horizon scan of emerging issues likely to affect global biological diversity, the environment, and conservation efforts in the future. The potential effects of these novel issues ...
    • A glimpse on the pattern of rodent diversification: a phylogenetic approach 

      Fabre, Pierre-Henri; Hautier, Lionel; Dimitrov, Dimitar; Douzery, Emmanuel J. P. (2012-06-14)
      Abstract Background Development of phylogenetic methods that do not rely on fossils for the study of evolutionary processes through time have revolutionized the field of evolutionary biology and resulted in an unprecedented ...
    • A phylogenetic estimate for golden moles (Mammalia, Afrotheria, Chrysochloridae) 

      Asher, Robert J.; Maree, Sarita; Bronner, Gary; Bennett, Nigel C.; Bloomer, Paulette; Czechowski, Paul; Meyer, Matthias et al. (2010-03-09)
      Abstract Background Golden moles (Chrysochloridae) are small, subterranean, afrotherian mammals from South Africa and neighboring regions. Of the 21 species now recognized, some (e.g., Chrysochloris asiatica, Amblysomus ...
    • A web-database of mammalian morphology and a reanalysis of placental phylogeny 

      Asher, Robert J. (2007-07-03)
      Abstract Background Recent publications concerning the interordinal phylogeny of placental mammals have converged on a common signal, consisting of four major radiations with some ambiguity regarding the placental root. ...
    • Acoustic sequences in non-human animals: a tutorial review and prospectus 

      Kershenbaum, Arik; Blumstein, Daniel T.; Roch, Marie A.; Akçay, Çağlar; Backus, Gregory; Bee, Mark A.; Bohn, Kirsten et al. (Wiley, 2014-11-26)
      Animal acoustic communication often takes the form of complex sequences, made up of multiple distinct acoustic units. Apart from the well-known example of birdsong, other animals such as insects, amphibians, and mammals ...
    • Acoustic signalling for mate attraction in crickets: Abdominal ganglia control the timing of the calling song pattern 

      Jacob, Pedro F.; Hedwig, Berthold (Elsevier, 2016-04-22)
      Decoding the neural basis of behaviour requires analysing how the nervous system is organised and how the temporal structure of motor patterns emerges from its activity. The stereotypical patterns of the calling song ...
    • Adaptive Use of Information during Growth Can Explain Long-Term Effects of Early Life Experiences. 

      English, Sinead; Fawcett, TW; Higginson, AD; Trimmer, PC; Uller, T (University of Chicago Press, 2016-05-01)
      Development is a continuous process during which individuals gain information about their environment and adjust their phenotype accordingly. In many natural systems, individuals are particularly sensitive to early life ...
    • Adult male coatis play with a band of juveniles 

      Logan, C. J.; Longino, J. T. (Instituto Internacional de Ecologia, 2013-05-31)
      This study examined the play behaviour in one group of coatis (Nasua narica) at La Selva Biological Station in Costa Rica. We incidentally found adult males playing with juvenile coatis, and conducted post-hoc analyses to ...
    • Agriculture as a key element for conservation: reasons for caution 

      Phalan, Ben; Balmford, Andrew; Green, Rhys E. (Wiley, 2012-05-15)
    • Alternative Behavioral Measures of Postconflict Affiliation 

      Logan, Corina J.; Emery, Nathan J.; Clayton, Nicola S. (Oxford University Press, 2012-09-19)
      Animals are known to affiliate after conflicts rather than avoid each other. Affiliation can occur between former opponents or between a former opponent and a third-party, and is more common between individuals with ...
    • Amino acid substitutions that affect receptor binding and stability of the hemagglutinin of influenza A/H7N9 virus 

      Schrauwen, Eefje J. A.; Richard, Mathilde; Burke, David F.; Rimmelzwaan, Guus F.; Herfst, Sander; Fouchier, Ron A.M. (American Society for Microbiology, 2016-01-20)
      Receptor-binding preference and stability of hemagglutinin have been implicated as crucial determinants of airborne transmission of influenza viruses. Here, amino acid substitutions previously identified to affect these ...
    • An arthropod cis-regulatory element functioning in sensory organ precursor development dates back to the Cambrian 

      Ayyar, Savita; Negre, Barbara; Simpson, Pat; Stollewerk, Angelika (2010-09-24)
      Abstract Background An increasing number of publications demonstrate conservation of function of cis-regulatory elements without sequence similarity. In invertebrates such functional conservation has only been shown for ...
    • Analysis of long branch extraction and long branch shortening 

      Unknown author (2010-11-02)
      Abstract Background Long branch attraction (LBA) is a problem that afflicts both the parsimony and maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis techniques. Research has shown that parsimony is particularly vulnerable to inferring ...
    • Analysis of replication factories in human cells by super-resolution light microscopy 

      Cseresnyes, Zoltan; Schwarz, Ulf; Green, Catherine M. (2009-12-16)
      Abstract Background DNA replication in human cells is performed in discrete sub-nuclear locations known as replication foci or factories. These factories form in the nucleus during S phase and are sites of DNA synthesis ...
    • Ancient Ethiopian genome reveals extensive Eurasian admixture throughout the African continent 

      Llorente, M. Gallego; Jones, E. R.; Eriksson, A.; Siska, V.; Arthur, K. W.; Arthur, J. W.; Curtis, M. C. et al. (AAAS, 2015-10-08)
      Characterizing genetic diversity in Africa is a crucial step for most analyses reconstructing the evolutionary history of anatomically modern humans. However, historic migrations from Eurasia into Africa have affected many ...
    • Ancient Ethiopian genome reveals extensive Eurasian admixture throughout the African continent. 

      Gallego Llorente, M; Jones, Eppie Ruth; Eriksson, Jon Anders; Siska, V; Arthur, KW; Arthur, JW; Curtis, MC et al. (2015-11)
    • Animal vocal sequences: not the Markov chains we thought they were 

      Kershenbaum, Arik; Bowles, Ann E.; Freeberg, Todd M.; Jin, Dezhe Z.; Lameira, Adriano R.; Bohn, Kirsten (Animal vocal sequences: not the Markov chains we thought they were, 2014-08-20)
      Many animals produce vocal sequences that appear complex. Most researchers assume that these sequences are well characterised as Markov chains, i.e. that the probability of a particular vocal element can be calculated from ...
    • Antagonistic effect of helpers on breeding male and female survival in a cooperatively breeding bird 

      Paquet, Matthieu; Doutrelant, Claire; Hatchwell, Ben J.; Spottiswoode, Claire N.; Covas, Rita (Wiley, 2015-04-30)
      1. Cooperatively breeding species are typically long-lived and hence, according to theory, are expected to maximise their lifetime reproductive success through maximising survival. Under these circumstances, the presence ...
    • An anterior medial cell population with an apical-organ-like transcriptional profile that pioneers the central nervous system in the centipede Strigamia maritima 

      Hunnekuhl, Vera S.; Akam, Michael (Elsevier, 2014)
      The apical plate of primary marine larvae is characterized by a common set of 5 transcription factors comprising six3, rx, hbn, nk2.1 and FoxQ2. It harbours the 6 apical organ, a neural and ciliary structure with neurosecretory ...
    • Antibody landscapes after influenza virus infection or vaccination 

      Fonville, J. M.; Wilks, S. H.; James, S. L.; Fox, A.; Ventresca, M.; Aban, M.; Xue, L. et al. (AAAS, 2014-11-21)
      We introduce the antibody landscape, a method for the quantitative analysis of antibody-mediated immunity to antigenically variable pathogens, achieved by accounting for antigenic variation among pathogen strains. We ...