Jetting, In-Nozzle Meniscus Motion and Nozzle-Plate Flooding in an Industrial Drop-on-Demand Print Head
Hoath, S. D.
Martin, G. D.
Hutchings, I. M.
Proc 27th Int. Conf. on Digital Printing Technologies, NIP27
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Hsiao, W., Hoath, S. D., Martin, G. D., & Hutchings, I. M. (2011). Jetting, In-Nozzle Meniscus Motion and Nozzle-Plate Flooding in an Industrial Drop-on-Demand Print Head.
The state of the ink film at and near the nozzles of a drop-ondemand(DoD) print head during jetting has a direct impact on printing performance and reliability. We have developed highspeed imaging apparatus and analytical techniques to investigate the ink film dynamics on an industrial print head nozzle-plate in real-time. In addition to a direct correlation between the jet emergence velocity and drive voltage, drive-dependent variations in the oscillation of the ink meniscus in adjacent nozzles were also observed. Using a ray-tracing model to analyze the meniscus shape, the meniscus oscillations for both printing and nonprinting nozzles were found to be complex and involve elements such as pre-oscillation and high-order surface waves. The flooding of non-firing nozzles, deliberately caused by the application of maximum drive voltage to a neighboring nozzle, has been recorded and analyzed dynamically. The build-up of fluid in an annulus around the nozzle (flooding rate) has been characterized and compared with models for the net ink flow through the nozzle.
This record's URL: http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/239167