Psychiatric comorbidities in asperger syndrome and high functioning autism: diagnostic challenges.
Ann Gen Psychiatry
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
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Mazzone, L., Ruta, L., & Reale, L. (2012). Psychiatric comorbidities in asperger syndrome and high functioning autism: diagnostic challenges.. Ann Gen Psychiatry https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-11-16
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Several psychiatric conditions, both internalizing and externalizing, have been documented in comorbidity with Asperger Syndrome (AS) and High Functioning Autism (HFA). In this review we examine the interplay between psychiatric comorbidities and AS/HFA. In particular, we will focus our attention on three main issues. First, we examine which psychiatric disorders are more frequently associated with AS/HFA. Second, we review which diagnostic tools are currently available for clinicians to investigate and diagnose the associated psychiatric disorders in individuals with AS/HFA. Third, we discuss the challenges that clinicians and researchers face in trying to determine whether the psychiatric symptoms are phenotypic manifestations of AS/HFA or rather they are the expression of a distinct, though comorbid, disorder. We will also consider the role played by the environment in the manifestation and interpretation of these symptoms. Finally, we will propose some strategies to try to address these issues, and we will discuss therapeutic implications.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-11-16
This record's URL: http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/243589
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Rights Holder: Luigi Mazzone et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
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