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dc.contributor.authorAidt, Toke S.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorJensen, Peter S.en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-15T15:25:56Z
dc.date.available2012-11-15T15:25:56Z
dc.date.issued2012-04-25en_GB
dc.identifier.otherCWPE1221
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/243964
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/243964
dc.description.abstractThe secret ballot is one of the cornerstones of democracy. We contend that the historical process of modernization caused the switch from open to secret ballot with the underlying mechanism being that income growth, urbanization, and rising education standards undermined vote markets and made electoral corruption uneconomical. We undertake event history studies of ballot reform in Western Europe and the Americas during the 19th and 20th centuries to establish that modernization was systematically related to ballot reform. We study electoral turnout before and after ballot reform amongst the US states and British parliamentary constituencies to substantiate the hypothesis that modernization made vote buying uneconomical.en_GB
dc.publisherFaculty of Economics
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCambridge Working Papers in Economics
dc.rightsAll Rights Reserveden
dc.rights.urihttps://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved/en
dc.subjectSecret balloten_GB
dc.subjectmodernizationen_GB
dc.subjectelectoral turnouten_GB
dc.subjectdemocratizationen_GB
dc.titleFrom Open to Secret Balloten_GB
dc.typeWorking Paperen_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.4967
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/dae/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe1221.pdf


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