On-chip single photon sources based on quantum dots in photonic crystal structures
Ritchie, David A.
Shields, Andrew J.
University of Cambridge
Department of Physics
Cambridge Research Laboratory, Toshiba Research Europe Ltd
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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Schwagmann, A. (2013). On-chip single photon sources based on quantum dots in photonic crystal structures (Doctoral thesis). https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.16594
In order to harness the enormous potential of schemes in optical quantum information processing, readily scalable photonic circuits will be required. A major obstacle for this scalability is the monolithic integration of quantum light sources with the photonic circuit on a single chip. This dissertation presents the experimental demonstration of different in-plane single photon sources that allow for this integration with planar light circuits. To this end, the spontaneous recombination of excitons in single indium arsenide quantum dots was exploited to generate single photons. The emission into on-chip waveguides was achieved by the use of advanced two-dimensional photonic crystal structures. First, slow-light effects in a unidirectional photonic crystal waveguide were exploited to achieve on-demand single photon emission with a rate of up to 18.7 MHz, corresponding to a remarkable estimated internal device efficiency of up to 47%. Waveguide-coupled L3 defect cavities with record Q-factors of up to 5150 were then studied for improved Purcell enhancement of the emission, and in-plane single photon generation from such a device was demonstrated. Finally, an electrically tunable, integrable quantum light source with a total tuning range of 1.9 nm was demonstrated by exploiting the quantum-confined Stark effect in an electrical PIN diode. These results are the first demonstrations of in-plane single photon emission at optical wavelengths and mark an important cornerstone for the realisation of fully integrated quantum photonic circuits in optical quantum information science.
Quantum dots, Photonic crystals, Quantum information science, Integrated quantum photonics
This record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.16594