Religion as heritage, religion as belief: Shifting frontiers of secularism in Europe, the USA and Brazil
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Lehmann, D. (2013). Religion as heritage, religion as belief: Shifting frontiers of secularism in Europe, the USA and Brazil. International Sociology, 28 645-662. https://doi.org/10.1177/0268580913503894
This article draws a distinction between religion as heritage and as belief, and also shows the complications which arise in predominantly Christian countries when ‘new arrivals’ and evangelical, Pentecostal, or conversion-led, movements claim the recognition which has historically been afforded to hegemonic churches. Using evidence from Europe, the USA and Brazil it reveals the uncertain implementation of the state–religion boundary in the law, in taxation and in politics, and shows how even the most secular states allow religious institutions special exemptions, albeit in different ways. It asks whether religion is not producing demands amounting to a separate citizenship and why religious expression should require privileged treatment additional to freedom of speech in a secular world where religious affiliation is regarded as a matter of personal choice. It also questions the assumption of market theories of religion that more and more intense religion is good for religion and good for society.
Brazil, Europe, Evangelicals, neo-Pentecostalism, Religious Regulation, Secularism, USA
This work was supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council [grant number AH/F007566/1].
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0268580913503894
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/245068
Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/uk/
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