DSP.Ear: Leveraging Co-Processor Support for Continuous Audio Sensing on Smartphones
Lane, Nicholas D
Rachuri, Kiran K
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Georgiev, P., Lane, N. D., Rachuri, K. K., & Mascolo, C. (2014). DSP.Ear: Leveraging Co-Processor Support for Continuous Audio Sensing on Smartphones. 295-309. https://doi.org/10.1145/2668332.2668349
The rapidly growing adoption of sensor-enabled smartphones has greatly fueled the proliferation of applications that use phone sensors to monitor user behavior. A central sensor among these is the microphone which enables, for instance, the detection of valence in speech, or the identification of speakers. Deploying multiple of these applications on a mobile device to continuously monitor the audio environment allows for the acquisition of a diverse range of sound-related contextual inferences. However, the cumulative processing burden critically impacts the phone battery. To address this problem, we propose DSP.Ear – an integrated sensing system that takes advantage of the latest low-power DSP co-processor technology in commodity mobile devices to enable the continuous and simultaneous operation of multiple established algorithms that perform complex audio inferences. The system extracts emotions from voice, estimates the number of people in a room, identifies the speakers, and detects commonly found ambient sounds, while critically incurring little overhead to the device battery. This is achieved through a series of pipeline optimizations that allow the computation to remain largely on the DSP. Through detailed evaluation of our prototype implementation we show that, by exploiting a smartphone’s co-processor, DSP.Ear achieves a 3 to 7 times increase in the battery lifetime compared to a solution that uses only the phone’s main processor. In addition, DSP.Ear is 2 to 3 times more power efficient than a naïve DSP solution without optimizations. We further analyse a large-scale dataset from 1320 Android users to show that in about 80-90% of the daily usage instances DSP.Ear is able to sustain a full day of operation (even in the presence of other smartphone workloads) with a single battery charge.
This work was supported by Microsoft Research through its PhD Scholarship Program.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/2668332.2668349
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/245877