Cobalt Sulphide Microtube Array as Cathode in Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting with Photoanodes
Jefferson, David Adamson
Royal Society of Chemistry
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Lin, C., Mersch, D., Jefferson, D. A., & Reisner, E. (2014). Cobalt Sulphide Microtube Array as Cathode in Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting with Photoanodes. Chemical Science, 5 4906-4913. https://doi.org/10.1039/C4SC01811G
We report on a cobalt sulphide (CoS) electrode prepared by simple and scalable chemical bath deposition (CBD), which performs as a highly efficient and robust electrocatalyst for the H2 evolution reaction (HER) in both neutral and pH 13 electrolyte solution at a small overpotential (η < 90 mV). At η = 390 mV, turnover frequencies of 38.8 ± 1.9 and 52.1 ± 2.0 mol H_2 (mol Co)-1 h-1 were achieved with high stability (Faradaic efficiency >95% for at least 72 h) and turnover numbers of approximately 2600 and 3400 in neutral and basic electrolyte solution, respectively. The rate of HER per geometric area is further enhanced by employing a CoS microtube array (microCoS), which is prepared by sulphurisation of a cobalt hydroxide carbonate nanorod array template using CBD. MicroCoS shows excellent HER activity when it is coupled with a cadmium sulphide sensitised zinc oxide photoanode in the presence of sodium sulphide and a nanostructured hematite (a-Fe_2O_3) photoanode from photoelectrochemical water splitting in basic electrolyte solution.
Financial support from EPSRC (EP/H00338X/2 and Cambridge Centre for Doctoral Training in Sustainable and Functional Nano), the Christian Doppler Research Association (Austrian Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth and National Foundation for Research, Technology and Development) and the OMV Group is gratefully acknowledged. We also thank the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan (102-2218-E006-014-MY2).
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/C4SC01811G
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/245960
Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/