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dc.contributor.authorMöller, Irisen
dc.contributor.authorKudella, Matthiasen
dc.contributor.authorRupprecht, Franziskaen
dc.contributor.authorSpencer, Thomasen
dc.contributor.authorPaul, Maikeen
dc.contributor.authorvan, Wesenbeeck Bregje Ken
dc.contributor.authorWolters, Guidoen
dc.contributor.authorJensen, Kaien
dc.contributor.authorBouma, Tjeerd Jen
dc.contributor.authorMiranda-Lange, Martinen
dc.contributor.authorSchimmels, Stefanen
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-01T13:32:49Z
dc.date.available2014-10-01T13:32:49Z
dc.date.issued2014-09-29en
dc.identifier.citation(2014) Nature Geoscience 7: 727-731en
dc.identifier.issn1752-0894
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/246096
dc.description.abstractCoastal communities around the world face increasing risk from flooding as a result of rising sea level, increasing storminess, and land subsidence1–2. Salt marshes can act as natural buffer zones, providing protection from waves during storms3–7. However, the effectiveness of marshes in protecting the coastline during extreme events when water levels are at a maximum and waves are highest is poorly understood8,9. Here, we experimentally assess wave dissipation under storm surge conditions in a 300-meter-long wave flume tank that contains a transplanted section of natural salt marsh. We find that the presence of marsh vegetation causes considerable wave attenuation, even when water levels and waves are highest. From a comparison with experiments without vegetation, we estimate that up to 60% of observed wave reduction is attributed to vegetation. We also find that although waves progressively flatten and break vegetation stems and thereby reduce dissipation, the marsh substrate remained stable and resistant to surface erosion under all conditions. The effectiveness of storm wave dissipation and the resilience of tidal marshes even at extreme conditions suggests that salt marsh ecosystems can be a valuable component of coastal protection schemes.
dc.languageen_USen
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherNPG
dc.titleWave attenuation over coastal salt marshes under storm surge conditionsen
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the author's accepted manuscript and will be under embargo until the 29th of March 2015. The final version has been published by NPG in Nature Geoscience here: http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v7/n10/full/ngeo2251.html.en
prism.endingPage731
prism.publicationDate2014en
prism.publicationNameNature Geoscienceen
prism.startingPage727
prism.volume7en
dc.rioxxterms.funderEuropean Community’s 7th Framework Programme; The Isaac Newton Trust, Trinity College, Cambridge; Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge
dc.rioxxterms.projectidERC/FP7: Integrating Activity HYDRALAB IV, Contract no. 261529
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1038/ngeo2251en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2014-09-29en
dc.contributor.orcidSpencer, Thomas [0000-0003-2610-6201]
dc.identifier.eissn1752-0908
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idEuropean Commission (261520)
pubs.funder-project-idIsaac Newton Trust (1135(s))
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2015-03-29


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