On-chip temperature-compensated Love mode surface acoustic wave device for gravimetric sensing
Applied Physics Letters
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Liu, Q., & Flewitt, A. (2014). On-chip temperature-compensated Love mode surface acoustic wave device for gravimetric sensing. Applied Physics Letters, 105 (213511)https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4902989
Love mode surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors have been recognized as one of the most sensitive devices for gravimetric sensors in liquid environments such as bio sensors. Device operation is based upon measuring changes in the transmitted (S21) frequency and phase of the first-order Love wave resonance associated with the device upon on attachment of mass. However, temperature variations also cause a change in the first order S21 parameters. In this work, shallow grooved reflectors and a ‘dotted’ single phase unidirectional interdigitated transducer (D-SPUDT) have been added to the basic SAW structure which promote unidirectional Love wave propagation from the device’s input interdigitated transducers. Not only does this enhance the first-order S21 signal, but it also allows propagation of a third-order Love wave. The attenuation coefficient of the third-order wave is sufficiently great that, whilst there is a clear reflected S11 signal, the third-order wave does not propagate into the gravimetric sensing area of the device. As a result, whilst the third-order S11 signal is affected by temperature changes, it is unaffected by mass attachment in the sensing area. It is shown that this signal can be used to remove temperature effects from the first-order S21 signal in real time. This allows gravimetric sensing to take place in an environment without the need for any other temperature measurement or temperature control; this is a particular requirement of gravimetric biosensors.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4902989
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/246622