Fibre optic monitoring of a deep circular excavation
Institution of Civil Engineers
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Schwamb, T., Soga, K., Mair, R., Elshafie, M., Sutherden, R., Boquet, C., & Greenwood, J. (2014). Fibre optic monitoring of a deep circular excavation. Geotechnical Engineering, 167 144-154. https://doi.org/10.1680/geng.13.00036
This paper describes part of the monitoring undertaken at Abbey Mills shaft F, one of the main shafts of Thames Water's Lee tunnel project in London, UK. This shaft, with an external diameter of 30 m and 73 m deep, is one of the largest ever constructed in the UK and consequently penetrates layered and challenging ground conditions (Terrace Gravel, London Clay, Lambeth Group, Thanet Sand Formation, Chalk Formation). Three out of the twenty 1·2 m thick and 84 m deep diaphragm wall panels were equipped with fibre optic instrumentation. Bending and circumferential hoop strains were measured using Brillouin optical time-domain reflectometry and analysis technologies. These measurements showed that the overall radial movement of the wall was very small. Prior to excavation during a dewatering trial, the shaft may have experienced three-dimensional deformation due to differential water pressures. During excavation, the measured hoop and bending strains of the wall in the chalk exceeded the predictions. This appears to be related to the verticality tolerances of the diaphragm wall and lower circumferential hoop stiffness of the diaphragm walls at deep depths. The findings from this case study provide valuable information for future deep shafts in London.
diaphragm walls, field testing & monitoring, excavation
The authors would like to thank Thames Water Ltd and the Lee Tunnel Project Management Team for making the field study possible in the first place.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1680/geng.13.00036
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/246985