The Impact of Damping on the Frequency Stability of Nonlinear MEMS Oscillators
Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems
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Zou, X., & Seshia, A. (2015). The Impact of Damping on the Frequency Stability of Nonlinear MEMS Oscillators. Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 24 537-544. https://doi.org/10.1109/JMEMS.2015.2391832
Linear models for oscillator noise predict an improvement in frequency stability with increasing Quality factor. Although it is well known that this result does not apply to non-linear oscillators, systematic experimental investigations of the impact of damping on frequency stability of non-linear MEMS oscillators has not been previously reported. This paper studies the frequency stability of a nonlinear MEMS oscillator under variable damping conditions. Analytical and experimental investigation of a MEMS square-wave oscillator embedding a double-ended tuning fork resonator driven into the non-linear regime is introduced. The experimental results indicate that for a pre-set drive level, the variation of air-damping changes the onset of nonlinear behaviour in the resonator, which not only impacts the output frequency but also the phase/frequency noise of a nonlinear MEMS square wave oscillator. The random walk frequency noise and flicker frequency noise levels are strongly correlated with the non-linear operating point of the resonator, whereas the white phase and white frequency noise levels are impacted both by the output power and by operative nonlinearities.
MEMS, Oscillators, Nonlinear effects, Air Damping, Phase Noise
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JMEMS.2015.2391832
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/247462