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dc.contributor.authorValdebenito, Saraen
dc.contributor.authorTtofi, Mariaen
dc.contributor.authorEisner, Manuelen
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-10T13:45:50Z
dc.date.available2015-06-10T13:45:50Z
dc.date.issued2015-05-20en
dc.identifier.citationValdebenito et al. Aggression and Violent Behavior (2015) Vol. 23, pp. 137-146. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2015.05.004en
dc.identifier.issn1359-1789
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/248398
dc.description.abstractBullying is a common aggressive behaviour in school, with a number of cross-sectional studies showing that it exhibits a high comorbidity with other problem behaviours. The present study aims to estimate the comorbidity of school bullying (perpetration and victimisation) with drug use by incorporating and meta-analysing all available evidence on the cross-sectional association between the two variables. Meta-analytic results are based on a comprehensive systematic review across 20 databases and 46 journals. A total of 61 relevant manuscripts were included in the systematic review. Following explicit methodological criteria for the inclusion/exclusion of reports, 13 of them were eligible for the meta-analysis. The association of school bullying perpetration with drug use (adjusted odds ratio OR = 2.82; 95% CI 1.97–4.02; z = 5.71; p < .001) suggests a very strong relationship. For example, if a quarter of children were bullies and a quarter were drug users, this value of the OR would correspond to 40.88% of bullies being also drug users, compared with 19.71% of non-bullies. The association of school bullying victimisation with drug use (adjusted odds ratio OR = 1.79; 95% CI 1.38–2.32; z = 4.41; p < .001) suggests a moderate relationship. For example, if a quarter of children were victims and a quarter were drug users, this value of the OR would correspond to 33.69% of bullied youth also being drug users, compared with 22.1% of non-bullied youth. Adjusted effect sizes are based on study findings that used statistical controls for confounding variables, thus providing the unique association of school bullying with drug use over and above other important risk factors that may explain this association. Implications for policy and intervention research arising from this review are highlighted.
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 UK: England & Wales*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/*
dc.subjectsystematic reviewen
dc.subjectmeta-analysisen
dc.subjectbullyingen
dc.subjectdrug useen
dc.subjectcross-sectional studiesen
dc.titlePrevalence rates of drug use among school bullies and victims: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cross-sectional studiesen
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2015.05.004en
prism.endingPage146
prism.publicationDate2015en
prism.publicationNameAggression and Violent Behavioren
prism.startingPage137
prism.volume23en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.avb.2015.05.004en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2015-05-20en
dc.contributor.orcidEisner, Manuel [0000-0001-5436-9282]
dc.identifier.eissn1873-6335
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2016-11-20


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