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dc.contributor.authorTainio, Markoen
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-25T10:41:25Z
dc.date.available2015-06-25T10:41:25Z
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.identifier.citationTainio. Journal of Transport & Health (2015) Vol. 2, Issue 3, pp. 423-433. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2015.06.005en
dc.identifier.issn2214-1405
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/248698
dc.description.abstractTransport is a major source of air pollution, noise, injuries and physical activity in the urban environment. The quantification of the health risks and benefits arising from these factors would provide useful information for the planning of cost-effective mitigation actions. In this study we quantified the burden of disease caused by local transport in the city of Warsaw, Poland. The disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) were estimated for transport related air pollution (particulate matter (PM), nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), cadmium, lead and nickel), noise, injuries and physical activity. Exposure to these factors was based on local and international data, and the exposure-response functions (ERFs) were based on published reviews and recommendations. The uncertainties were quantified and propagated with the Monte Carlo method. Local transport generated air pollution, noise and injuries were estimated to cause approximately 58 000 DALYs in the study area. From this burden 44% was due to air pollution and 46% due to noise. Transport related physical activity was estimated to cause a health benefit of 17 000 DALYs. Main quantified uncertainties were related to disability weight for the annoyance (due to noise) and to the ERFs for fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and walking. Most of the health risks of local transport in urban areas were caused by air pollution and noise. The results indicate that the health burden of transport could be mitigated by reducing motorized transport, which causes air pollution and noise, and by encouraging walking and cycling in the study area.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe project has been funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland, through the Iuventus Plus project number IP2011 055871. The work was undertaken under the auspices of the Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), a UKCRC Public Health Research Centre of Excellence which is funded by the British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, Economic and Social Research Council, Medical Research Council, the National Institute for Health Research, and the Wellcome Trust.
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rightsAttribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/*
dc.subjectDALYen
dc.subjecttransporten
dc.subjectair pollutionen
dc.subjectinjuryen
dc.subjectphysical activityen
dc.subjectnoiseen
dc.titleBurden of disease caused by local transport in Warsaw, Polanden
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Elsevier via http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2015.06.005en
prism.endingPage433
prism.publicationDate2015en
prism.publicationNameJournal of Transport & Healthen
prism.startingPage423
prism.volume2en
dc.rioxxterms.funderBHF
dc.rioxxterms.funderCRUK
dc.rioxxterms.funderESRC
dc.rioxxterms.funderMRC
dc.rioxxterms.funderNIHR
dc.rioxxterms.funderWellcome Trust
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.jth.2015.06.005en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2015en
dc.contributor.orcidTainio, Marko [0000-0002-0973-2342]
dc.identifier.eissn2214-1413
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (MR/K021796/1)
pubs.funder-project-idESRC (ES/G007462/1)
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (MR/K023187/1)
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (087636/Z/08/Z)


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Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales