Smart polymer inverse-opal photonic crystal films by melt-shear organization for hybrid core–shell architectures
Journal of Materials Chemistry C
Royal Society of Chemistry
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Schäfer, C., Winter, T., Heidt, S., Dietz, C., Ding, T., Baumberg, J. J., & Gallei, M. (2015). Smart polymer inverse-opal photonic crystal films by melt-shear organization for hybrid core–shell architectures. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 3 2204-2214. https://doi.org/10.1039/C4TC02788D
A feasible strategy to achieve large-area mechano-, thermo- and solvatochromic hybrid opal (OPC) and inverse opal photonic crystal (IOPC) films based on polymer hydrogels is described. Silica core particles featuring surface-anchored stimuli-responsive polymers are prepared and advantageously used for the melt-shear organization technique. By this approach hybrid OPC films with adjustable periodicities for photonic applications can be prepared. The large-area OPC films can be furthermore converted into IOPC structures simply by etching the silica particles while maintaining the excellent order of the entire opal film. This herein developed new process seems to be universal and is successfully applied to two thermo-responsive polymers, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) and poly(diethylene glycol methylether methacrylate) (PDEGMEMA) as particle shell materials. Besides the remarkable mechanical robustness of the hybrid OPC and IOPC films, optical properties upon changes of temperature, mechanical stress and different solvents as external triggers are successfully confirmed. The herein described novel strategy for the preparation of inorganic/organic OPC and IOPC polymer films is feasible for a wide range of applications in fields of sensing and photonic band gap materials.
The authors want to thank the Landesoffensive zur Entwicklung Wissenschaftlich-ökonomischer Exzellenz (LOEWE Soft Control), UK EPSRC EP/L027151/1, and ERC LINASS 320503 for ongoing financial support of this work. We thank Christina Lederle (Department of Physics, TU Darmstadt) for performing temperature-dependent DLS measurements and Prof. Bernd Stühn for helpful discussion. The authors gratefully acknowledge technical support of Stefano Nieddu for constructing the reflection measurement setup.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/C4TC02788D
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/248849
Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/uk/
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