Resistance to Thyroid Hormone due to defective thyroid receptor alpha
Best Practice & Research, Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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Moran, C., & Chatterjee, K. (2015). Resistance to Thyroid Hormone due to defective thyroid receptor alpha. Best Practice & Research, Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 29 647-657. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beem.2015.07.007
Thyroid hormones act via nuclear receptors (TRα1, TRβ1, TRβ2) with differing tissue distribution; the role of α2 protein, derived from the same gene locus as TRα1, is unclear. Resistance to thyroid hormone alpha (RTHα) is characterised by tissue-specific hypothyroidism associated with near-normal thyroid function tests. Clinical features include dysmorphic facies, skeletal dysplasia (macrocephaly, epiphyseal dysgenesis), growth retardation, constipation, dyspraxia and intellectual deficit. Biochemical abnormalities include low/low-normal T4 and high/high-normal T3 concentrations, a subnormal T4/T3 ratio, variably reduced reverse T3, raised muscle creatine kinase and mild anaemia. The disorder is mediated by heterozygous, loss-of-function, mutations involving either TRα1 alone or both TRα1 and α2, with no discernible phenotype attributable to defective α2. Whole exome sequencing and diagnostic biomarkers may enable greater ascertainment of RTHα, which is important as thyroxine therapy reverses some metabolic abnormalities and improves growth, constipation, dyspraxia and wellbeing. The genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity of RTHα and its optimal management remain to be elucidated.
Resistance to Thyroid Hormone, thyroid receptor α, dominant negative inhibition, corepressor
Our research is supported by the Wellcome Trust (095564/Z/11/Z to KC), the National Institute for Health Research Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre and the British Thyroid Foundation (CM).
Wellcome Trust (095564/Z/11/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beem.2015.07.007
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/249166
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Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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