Autistic Characteristics in Adults with Epilepsy and Self-Perceived Seizure Activity
Epilepsy & Behavior
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Wakeford, S., Hinvest, N., Ring, H., & Brosnan, M. (2015). Autistic Characteristics in Adults with Epilepsy and Self-Perceived Seizure Activity. Epilepsy & Behavior, 52 244-250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2015.08.031
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in epilepsy is approximately 15%-47%, with previous research by Wakeford and colleagues reporting higher autistic traits in adults with epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate autistic characteristics and their relationship to having seizures by employing two behaviour assessments in two samples: adults with epilepsy and controls. Method: The study employed the Social Responsiveness Scale shortened, SRS-S (epilepsy n=76, control n=19) and the brief Repetitive Behavior Scale-Revised, RBS-R (epilepsy n=47, control n=21). This study employed a unique method to quantify the extent to which autistic characteristics are related to perceived mild seizure activity. Adults with epilepsy were instructed to rate their usual behaviour on each assessment, and at the same time rate again for their behaviour when they perceived they were having mild seizure activity. Results: Significantly higher SRS-S scores were related to having a diagnosis of epilepsy, and were perceived by adults with epilepsy to increase during mild seizure activity. These scores positively correlated with anti-epileptic drug control. No difference was found for RBS-R scores in adults with epilepsy compared to controls. Conclusion: Together, these results suggest that adults with epilepsy have higher autistic characteristics measured by the social responsiveness scale, while sameness behaviours remains unimpaired. The autistic characteristics measured by the social responsiveness scale were reported by adults with epilepsy to be more severe during their mild seizure activity.
Epilepsy, Autism, Autistic Characteristics, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Responsiveness, Repetitive Behaviour
The authors would like to thank Epilepsy Action for the non-financial support of this research.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2015.08.031
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/250349
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/
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