Properties of Dark Subhaloes from Gaps in Tidal Streams
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Oxford University Press
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Erkal, D., & Belokurov, V. (2015). Properties of Dark Subhaloes from Gaps in Tidal Streams. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 454 3542-3558. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2122
Cold or Warm, the Dark Matter substructure spectrum must extend to objects with masses as low as 10⁷M☉ , according to the most recent Lyman-α measurements. Around a Milky Waylike galaxy, more than a thousand of these subhaloes will not be able to form stars but are dense enough to survive even deep down in the potential well of their host. There, within the stellar halo, these dark pellets will bombard tidal streams as they travel around the Galaxy, causing small but recognizable damage to the stream density distribution. The detection and characterization of these stream ruptures will allow us to constrain the details of the subhalostream interaction. In this work, for the first time, we will demonstrate how the properties of a subhalo, most importantly its mass and size, can be reliably inferred from the gap it produces in a tidal stream. For a range of realistic observational setups, mimicking e.g. SDSS, DES, Gaia and LSST data, we find that it is possible to measure the complete set of properties (including the phase-space coordinates during the flyby) of dark perturbers with M > 10⁷M ☉, up to a 1d degeneracy between the mass and velocity.
cosmology: theory, dark matter, galaxies: haloes, galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: structure, astrometry, surveys, proper motions
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007- 2013)/ERC Grant Agreement no. 308024.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2122
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/251453