Gallipoli campaign as assessed by some British and Australian participants 1915-39
Macleod, Jennifer Rosalind
University of Cambridge
Faculty of History
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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Macleod, J. R. (2000). Gallipoli campaign as assessed by some British and Australian participants 1915-39 (Doctoral thesis). https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.16054
This thesis is a cultural history which considers the romantic nature of the portrayal of the Gallipoli campaign. lt compares the responses of British and Australian participants of the campaign up to 1939. lt suggests that there were distinctive themes which recur throughout the British responses. These themes constitute the 'heroicromantic myth of Gallipoli', the British equivalent of Australia's Anzac legend. Both the myth and legend helped to make the failure at Gallipoli tolerable and elevated the experience above the ignominy of defeat. The way the story was told in Britain contrasts strikingly with the Australian narration of Gallipoli as the foundation myth of the nation. Both forms of the reconstruction of the history of one campaign in the Great War reinforce the view that Gallipoli did not destroy the heroic romance of war stories. The thesis considers participants' assessments in terms of three genres: official, journalists', and individuals'. The focus is upon the nature of their story-telling, their style, tone, emphases and omissions. The thesis covers the following areas: 1) The Dardanelles commission and the attempts of General Sir I an Hamilton to influence the findings of the first official response to the campaign. 2) The purpose and style of official history, comparing Cecil Aspinaii-Oglander's volumes on Gallipoli to James Edmonds' conception of British official history and to 'Charles Bean's Australian official history of Gallipoli. 3) The work of Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett in comparison to the Australian official correspondent at Gallipoli, Charles Bean. These men had contrasting writing styles and attitudes to official control. 4) The variety of personal narratives produced by men who visited the Gallipoli peninsula during the campaign. These include John Masefield's propagandistic work, the memoirs of chaplains including Ernest Raymond, and of front line soldiers, and unit histories. 5) General Sir lan Hamilton's attempt to portray the campaign in a romantic light in his Gallipoli Diary.
This work is now available as a book, published by Manchester University Press (http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/9780719067433/). A print copy of the original thesis is available for consultation in Cambridge University Library's Manuscript reading room. Admission details can be found at http://www.lib.cam.ac.uk/deptserv/manuscripts/Admission.html.
This record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.16054
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