Solvent exposure of Tyr10 as a probe of structural differences between monomeric and aggregated forms of the amyloid-β peptide
Aran, Terol Pablo
Hook, Sharon C
Esbjörner, Elin K
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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Aran, T. P., Kumita, J., Hook, S. C., Dobson, C., & Esbjörner, E. K. (2015). Solvent exposure of Tyr10 as a probe of structural differences between monomeric and aggregated forms of the amyloid-β peptide. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 468 696-701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.11.018
Aggregation of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides is a characteristic pathological feature of Alzheimer’s disease. We have exploited the relationship between solvent exposure and intrinsic fluorescence of a single tyrosine residue, Tyr₁₀, in the Aβ sequence to probe structural features of the monomeric, oligomeric and fibrillar forms of the 42-residue Aβ₁₋₄₂. By monitoring the quenching of Tyr₁₀ fluorescence upon addition of water-soluble acrylamide, we show that in Aβ₁₋₄₂ oligomers this residue is solvent-exposed to a similar extent to that found in the unfolded monomer. By contrast, Tyr₁₀ is significantly shielded from acrylamide quenching in Aβ₁₋₄₂ fibrils, consistent with its proximity to the fibrillar cross-β core. Furthermore, circular dichroism measurements reveal that Aβ₁₋₄₂ oligomers have a considerably lower β-sheet content than the Aβ₁₋₄₂ fibrils, indicative of a less ordered molecular arrangement in the former. Taken together these findings suggest significant differences in the structural assembly of oligomers and fibrils that are consistent with differences in their biological effects.
Amyloid-β, Aβ oligomer, amyloid fibril, tyrosine fluorescence, acrylamide quenching
This work was funded by grants to E.K.E from the Wenner-Gren Foundations, the Hasselblad Foundation, and the Swedish Innovation Agency (Vinnova) and to C.M.D from the Wellcome Trust. The TEM imaging was carried out in the Multi-Imaging Unit in the Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, UK and quantitative amino acid analysis was carried out at the Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry Facility, Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, UK.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.11.018
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/252592
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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