Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorBrown, Helenen
dc.contributor.authorAchiff, Annieen
dc.contributor.authorVan Sluijs, Estheren
dc.identifier.citationBMC Public Health 2015, 15: 1178. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2497-4en
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Family-based interventions present a much-needed opportunity to increase children’s physical activity levels. However, little is known about how best to engage parents and their children in physical activity research. This study aimed to engage with the whole family to understand how best to recruit for, and retain participation in, physical activity research. Methods: Families (including a ‘target’ child aged between 8 and 11 years, their parents, siblings, and others) were recruited through schools and community groups. Focus groups were conducted using a semi-structured approach (informed by a pilot session). Families were asked to order cards listing the possible benefits of, and the barriers to, being involved in physical activity research and other health promotion activities, highlighting the items they consider most relevant, and suggesting additional items. Duplicate content analysis was used to identify transcript themes and develop a coding frame. Results/findings: Eighty-two participants from 17 families participated, including 17 ‘target’ children (mean age 9.3 ± 1.1 years, 61.1% female), 32 other children and 33 adults (including parents, grandparents, and older siblings). Social, health and educational benefits were cited as being key incentives for involvement in physical activity research, with emphasis on children experiencing new things, developing character, and increasing social contact (particularly for shy children). Children’s enjoyment was also given priority. The provision of child care or financial reward was not considered sufficiently appealing. Increased time commitment or scheduling difficulties were quoted as the most pertinent barriers to involvement (especially for families with several children), but parents commented these could be overcome if the potential value for children was clear. Conclusions: Lessons learned from this work may contribute to the development of effective recruitment and retention strategies for children and their families. Making the wide range of potential benefits clear to families, providing regular feedback, and carefully considering family structure, may prove useful in achieving desired research participation. This may subsequently assist in engaging families in interventions to increase physical activity in children.
dc.publisherBioMed Central
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
dc.titleEngaging families in physical activity research: A family-based focus group studyen
dc.description.versionThis is the final version of the article. It was first available from BioMed Central via
prism.publicationNameBMC Public Healthen
dc.contributor.orcidBrown, Helen [0000-0001-6162-1474]
dc.contributor.orcidVan Sluijs, Esther [0000-0001-9141-9082]
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (MC_UU_12015/7)
pubs.funder-project-idESRC (ES/G007462/1)
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (MR/K023187/1)
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (087636/Z/08/Z)
pubs.funder-project-idDepartment of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (PHR/15/01/19)

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License