Pregnant Women’s Experiences and Views on an “Opt-Out” Referral Pathway to Specialist Smoking Cessation Support: A Qualitative Evaluation
Campbell, Katarzyna A
Nicotine & Tobacco Research
Oxford University Press
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Sloan, M., Campbell, K. A., Bowker, K., Coleman, T., Cooper, S., Brafman-Price, B., & Naughton, F. (2016). Pregnant Women’s Experiences and Views on an “Opt-Out” Referral Pathway to Specialist Smoking Cessation Support: A Qualitative Evaluation. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18 900-905. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv273
Introduction: Smoking in pregnancy remains an important and costly public health concern with policy makers worldwide researching methods to aid cessation. UK government guidelines recommend implementation of an ‘opt-out’ (i.e. whether requested or not) referral pathway for pregnant smokers to specialist smoking cessation support using carbon monoxide (CO) screening. This study explores the views of pregnant smokers who experienced this new pathway in one UK hospital trust. Methods Eighteen semi-structured telephone interviews with women who experienced the ‘opt-out’ pathway were undertaken. Data were analysed thematically. Results Three themes were identified relating to expectations, acceptability and impact of the pathway. Women were generally very accepting of the CO testing especially when it met their prior expectations and was perceived as being a routine component of antenatal care. They considered the visual feedback from the CO monitoring improved their motivation to quit. Views on the automatic referral for cessation support were divided with questions raised as to the removal of choice, with many women also expressing dissatisfaction about perceived lack of contact by Stop Smoking Services (SSS) following referral. Conclusion The ‘opt-out’ pathway is potentially an acceptable addition to current practice. The women considered CO monitoring to be the most valuable element of the pathway. Women keen to engage with SSS desired a more efficient system of contact.
This article presents independent research funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under the Programme Grants for Applied Research programme (RP-PG-0109-10020). The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv273
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/253006