What-Where-When Memory and Encoding Strategies in Healthy Aging
Learning & Memory
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
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Cheke, L. (2016). What-Where-When Memory and Encoding Strategies in Healthy Aging. Learning & Memory, 23 121-126. https://doi.org/10.1101/lm.040840.115
Older adults exhibit disproportionate impairments in memory for item-associations. These impairments may stem from an inability to self-initiate deep encoding strategies. The present study investigates this using the “Treasure-Hunt Task”; a What-Where-When style episodic memory test that requires individuals to “hide” items around complex scenes. This task separately assesses memory for item, location and temporal order, as well as bound what-where-when information. The results suggest that older adults are able to ameliorate integration memory deficits by using self-initiated encoding strategies when these are externally located and therefore place reduced demands on working memory and attentional resources.
This study was funded by an MRC Centenary Early Career Fellowship and a Sarah Woodhead Fellowship from Girton College, Cambridge.
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/lm.040840.115
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/253452