Particle relabelling transformations in elastodynamics
Geophysical Journal International
Oxford University Press
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Al-Attar, D., & Crawford, O. (2016). Particle relabelling transformations in elastodynamics. Geophysical Journal International, 205 575-593. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/253488
The motion of a self-gravitating hyperelastic body is described through a time-dependent mapping from a reference body into physical space, and its material properties are determined by a referential density and strain-energy function defined relative to the reference body. Points within the reference body do not have a direct physical meaning, but instead act as particle labels that could be assigned in different ways. We use Hamilton’s principle to determine how the referential density and strain-energy functions transform when the particle labels are changed, and describe an associated “particle relabelling symmetry”. We apply these results to linearised elastic wave propagation, and discuss their implications for seismological inverse problems. In particular, we show that the effects of boundary topography on elastic wave propagation can be mapped exactly into volumetric heterogeneity while preserving the form of the equations of motion. Several numerical calculations are presented to illustrate our results.
theoretical seismology, numerical solutions, seismic tomography
O.C. is supported through a NERC PhD studentship.
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