Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 Inactivation Drives T-bet-Mediated Downregulation of Co-receptor PD-1 to Enhance CD8+ Cytolytic T Cell Responses
Harker, James A
Stevenson, Philip G
Zuniga, Elina I
Elsevier (Cell Press)
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Taylor, A., Harker, J. A., Chanthong, K., Stevenson, P. G., Zuniga, E. I., & Rudd, C. (2016). Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 Inactivation Drives T-bet-Mediated Downregulation of Co-receptor PD-1 to Enhance CD8+ Cytolytic T Cell Responses. Immunity, 44 274-286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2016.01.018
Despite the importance of the co-receptor PD-1 in T cell immunity, the upstream signaling pathway that regulates PD-1 expression has not been defined. Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3, isoforms α and β) is a serine-threonine kinase implicated in cellular processes. Here, we identified GSK-3 as a key upstream kinase that regulated PD-1 expression in CD8+ T cells. GSK-3 siRNA downregulation, or inhibition by small molecules, blocked PD-1 expression, resulting in increased CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) function. Mechanistically, GSK-3 inactivation increased Tbx21 transcription, promoting enhanced T-bet expression and subsequent suppression of Pdcd1 (encodes PD-1) transcription in CD8+ CTLs. Injection of GSK-3 inhibitors in mice increased in vivo CD8+ OT-I CTL function and the clearance of murine gamma-herpesvirus 68 and lymphocytic choriomeningitis clone 13 and reversed T cell exhaustion. Our findings identify GSK-3 as a regulator of PD-1 expression and demonstrate the applicability of GSK-3 inhibitors in the modulation of PD-1 in immunotherapy.
C.E.R. was supported by Wellcome Trust 092627/Z/10/Z, J.A.H. by an Irvington Institute Postdoctoral Fellowship from the Cancer Research Institute (New York), and E.I.Z. by a Leukemia and Lymphoma Society Scholar Award and a grant from the NIH AI081923. We thank Dr. Graham Lord (King’s College London) for the kind gift of the Ifng CNS-12 promoter.
Wellcome Trust (092627/Z/10/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2016.01.018
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/253803
Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/
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