An X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) study of Fe ordering in a synthetic MgAl<inf>2</inf>O<inf>4</inf>-Fe<inf>3</inf>O<inf>4</inf> (spinel-magnetite) solid-solution series: Implications for magnetic properties and cation site ordering
Mineralogical Society of America
MetadataShow full item record
Henderson, C., Pearce, C., Charnock, J., Harrison, R., & Rosso, K. (2016). An X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) study of Fe ordering in a synthetic MgAl<inf>2</inf>O<inf>4</inf>-Fe<inf>3</inf>O<inf>4</inf> (spinel-magnetite) solid-solution series: Implications for magnetic properties and cation site ordering. American Mineralogist, 101 (6), 1373-1388. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2016-5612
© 2016 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston. Fe L2,3-edge XAS and XMCD studies have been used to unravel structural trends in the MgAl2O4-Fe3O4 solid solution where thermodynamic modeling has presented a challenge due to the complex ordering arrangements of the end-members. Partitioning of Fe3+ and Fe2+ between tetrahedral (Td) and octahedral (Oh) sites has been established. In the most Fe-rich samples, despite rapid quenching from a disordered state, FeTd2+ is not present, which matches the ordered, inverse spinel nature of end-member magnetite (Mgt) at room temperature. However, in intermediate compositions Al and Mg substantially replace Fe and small amounts of FeTd2+ are found, stabilized, or trapped by decreasing occurrence of the continuous nearest neighbor Fe-Fe interactions that facilitate charge redistribution by electron transfer. Furthermore, in the composition range ~Mgt0.4-0.9, XAS and XMCD bonding and site occupancy data suggest that nanoscale, magnetite-like Fe clusters are present. By contrast, at the spinel-rich end of the series, Mgt0.17 and Mgt0.23 have a homogeneous long-range distribution of Fe, Mg, and Al. These relationships are consistent with the intermediate and Fe-rich samples falling within a wide solvus in this system such that the Fe-clusters occur as proto-nuclei for phases that would exsolve following development of long-range crystalline order during slow cooling. Unit-cell edges calculated from the spectroscopy-derived site occupancies show excellent agreement with those measured by X-ray powder diffraction on the bulk samples. Calculated saturation magnetic moments (Ms) for the Fe-rich samples also show excellent agreement with measured values but for the most Mg-rich samples are displaced to slightly higher values; this displacement is due to the presence of abundant Mg and Al disrupting the anti-parallel alignment of electron spins for Fe atoms.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2016-5612
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/253860