Transport Jc in Bulk Superconductors: A Practical Approach?
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
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Rush, J., May-Miller, C., Palmer, K., Rutter, N., Dennis, T., Shi, Y., Cardwell, D., & et al. (2016). Transport Jc in Bulk Superconductors: A Practical Approach?. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2016.2537647
The characterisation of the critical current density of bulk high temperature superconductors is typically performed using magnetometry, which involves numerous assumptions including, significantly, that Jc within the sample is uniform. Unfortunately, magnetometry is particularly challenging to apply where a local measurement of Jc across a feature, such as a grain boundary, is desired. Although transport measurements appear to be an attractive alternative to magnetization, it is extremely challenging to reduce the cross-sectional area of a bulk sample sufficiently to achieve a sufficiently low critical current that can be generated by a practical current source. In the work described here, we present a technique that enables transport measurements to be performed on sections of bulk superconductors. Metallographic techniques and resin reinforcement were used to create an I-shaped sample of bulk superconductor from a section of Gd-Ba-Cu-O containing 15 wt % Ag2O. The resulting superconducting track had a cross-sectional area of 0.44 mm2. The sample was found to support a critical current of 110 A using a field criterion in the narrowed track region of 1 μV cm-1. We conclude, therefore, that it is possible to measure critical current densities in excess of 2.5 x 108 A m-2 in sections of a bulk superconductor.
critical current density, current transport measurements, high temperature superconductors, rare-earth barium copper oxide, critical current density (superconductivity), current measurement, magnetization, temperature measurement, voltage measurement
This work was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, via a Doctoral Training Award (grant number is EP/L504920/1) and funding from grant number EP/K02910X/1. This work was also supported by the Boeing Company. All data are provided in full in the results section of this paper.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2016.2537647
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/254220