Localized Translation of gurken/TGF-α mRNA during Axis Specification Is Controlled by Access to Orb/CPEB on Processing Bodies
Parton, Richard M
Elsevier (Cell Press)
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Davidson, A., Parton, R. M., Rabouille, C., Weil, T., & Davis, I. (2016). Localized Translation of gurken/TGF-α mRNA during Axis Specification Is Controlled by Access to Orb/CPEB on Processing Bodies. Cell Reports https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2016.02.038
In Drosophila oocytes, gurken/TGF-α mRNA is essential for establishing the future embryonic axes. gurken remains translationally silent during transport from its point of synthesis in nurse cells to its final destination in the oocyte, where it associates with the edge of processing bodies. Here we show that, in nurse cells, gurken is kept translationally silent by the lack of sufficient Orb/CPEB, its translational activator. Processing bodies in nurse cells have a similar protein complement and ultrastructure to those in the oocyte, but they markedly less Orb and do not associate with gurken mRNA. Ectopic expression of Orb in nurse cells at levels similar to the wild-type oocyte dorso-anterior corner at mid-oogenesis is sufficient to cause gurken mRNA to associate with processing bodies and translate prematurely. We propose that controlling the spatial distribution of translational activators is a fundamental mechanism for regulating localized translation.
This work was supported by a studentship from the Wellcome Trust (grant 097304 to A.D.), a Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellowship (grant 096144 to I.D and supporting R.M.P), the University of Cambridge, ISSF (grant 097814 to T.T.W), and Wellcome Trust Strategic Awards 091911 and 107457 supporting advanced microscopy at Micron Oxford (http://micronoxford.com).
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2016.02.038
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/254232
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/
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